The University of the Basque Country, IBERDROLA (an electricity utility supplying the Basque Country), the enterprises INGETEAM and INDAR and innovative energies company EHN have participated jointly in this research project. The project has put forward an innovative use of wind-sourced energy to control fluctuations on the grid. The research site where measurements were made was the Salajones wind park in Sanguesa (Navarre).
In recent years the electricity utilities have shown much greater interest in achieving uniform distribution of the grid supply system, given that the number of independent sources of power connecting to the grid are increasing all the time: wind parks, solar panels, and so on. Given all these new sources, the power supply level or power profile of the grid constantly rises and falls and, thus, gives rise to grid fluctuations and instability. As a result, the means whereby energy is consumed at source as well as how to confront problems of instability arising from changes in grid load or in its topology are both being investigated. If the solutions to these problems are found, it will be that much easier to stabilise the levels of the electric grid.
This stability provides an improvement in power profile and so in grid safety and security and reduces losses in costs of energy transfer. Moreover, the fact that equipment connected to the grid is using more and more energy has to be taken into account, giving rise to the need to implement complex algorithmic controls. Moreover, in recent decades, research involving regulations for power supply has targeted on-line strategies.
Garazi Andonegi | Basque research
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Whether you call it effervescent, fizzy, or sparkling, carbonated water is making a comeback as a beverage. Aside from quenching thirst, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have discovered a new use for these "bubbly" concoctions that will have major impact on the manufacturer of the world's thinnest, flattest, and one most useful materials -- graphene.
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Physicists at the University of Bonn have managed to create optical hollows and more complex patterns into which the light of a Bose-Einstein condensate flows. The creation of such highly low-loss structures for light is a prerequisite for complex light circuits, such as for quantum information processing for a new generation of computers. The researchers are now presenting their results in the journal Nature Photonics.
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For the first time, scientists have shown that circular RNA is linked to brain function. When a RNA molecule called Cdr1as was deleted from the genome of mice, the animals had problems filtering out unnecessary information – like patients suffering from neuropsychiatric disorders.
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An experimental small satellite has successfully collected and delivered data on a key measurement for predicting changes in Earth's climate.
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A study led by scientists of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg presents evidence of the coexistence of superconductivity and “charge-density-waves” in compounds of the poorly-studied family of bismuthates. This observation opens up new perspectives for a deeper understanding of the phenomenon of high-temperature superconductivity, a topic which is at the core of condensed matter research since more than 30 years. The paper by Nicoletti et al has been published in the PNAS.
Since the beginning of the 20th century, superconductivity had been observed in some metals at temperatures only a few degrees above the absolute zero (minus...
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