Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

New mechanism to produce energy from biomass

15.09.2008
Scientists from the Carlos III University of Madrid (UC3M) have developed a system that can improve the efficiency of the conversion process of biomass to fuel gas that will contribute to the production of energy in a more sustainable manner.

One of the challenges that chemical engineers face is placing solid materials in contact with gases to generate certain reactions. One of the options is to use a fluidised bed, consisting of a vertical cylinder with a perforated plate inside where solid particles are introduced using pressurised air.

This way, the solid particles are suspended, and behave much like boiling water. Solids behaving like a liquid depend on the speed of the air stream, making it key to achieving the desired behaviour. With insufficient air, the particles don’t move, but with too much the opposite happens, and they are carried away by the air stream.

Fluidised beds have relevant environmental applications because they allow the gasification of biomass to produce energy. That is, producing fuel gas from crushed biomass which can then be used for energy production. According to one of the authors of the study, Mercedes de Vega from the Energy System Engineering Group of the department of Thermal and Fluid Engineering of the UC3M, using fluidised beds as chemical reactors allows for a more efficient conversion by achieving high mixing degrees and high exchange rates of mass and heat.

This renewable source has great potential in Spain, especially in processes of co-combustion, direct combustion, and gasification. The applications are mainly industrial, open to be used in motors for the production of electricity, in gas turbines, drying processes, as well as in the pharmaceutical industry for the treatment of powder.

Greater efficiency

The study analyses the behaviour of a new bed designed with a rotating base. The base consists of a perforated plate where holes represent just 1% of its total area. The study evaluates the performance of this new design, considering the increase in pressure and the quality of the fluidisation. It also analyses the effect of the rotation speed of the perforated plate on the performance of the fluidised bed. This type of beds can usually present problems such as agglomeration of solid particles and points of high temperature. But one of the most important conclusions determined that the rotating perforated plate reduces these problems by maintaining a very uniform fluidisation.

The researchers now propose, for future investigations, to study different rotation speeds over a hundred revolutions per minute, and to alter the configuration of the holes in the plate. Celia Sobrino, author of the study, states that the new rotating distribution plate produces smaller bubbles inside the fluidised bed and distributes them better, while improving the efficiency of the conversion in gasification applications.

The study ‘Fluidization of Group B particles with a rotating distributor’ carried out by the Energy System Engineering Group of the department of Thermal and Fluid Engineering of the Carlos III University of Madrid has been published in the journal Powder technology.

Oficina de Información Científic | alfa
Further information:
http://www.uc3m.es

Further reports about: Biomass UC3M air stream chemical reactors gas turbines vertical cylinder

More articles from Power and Electrical Engineering:

nachricht Fraunhofer ISE Supports Market Development of Solar Thermal Power Plants in the MENA Region
21.02.2018 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Solare Energiesysteme ISE

nachricht New tech for commercial Lithium-ion batteries finds they can be charged 5 times fast
20.02.2018 | University of Warwick

All articles from Power and Electrical Engineering >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Attoseconds break into atomic interior

A newly developed laser technology has enabled physicists in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics (jointly run by LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics) to generate attosecond bursts of high-energy photons of unprecedented intensity. This has made it possible to observe the interaction of multiple photons in a single such pulse with electrons in the inner orbital shell of an atom.

In order to observe the ultrafast electron motion in the inner shells of atoms with short light pulses, the pulses must not only be ultrashort, but very...

Im Focus: Good vibrations feel the force

A group of researchers led by Andrea Cavalleri at the Max Planck Institute for Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) in Hamburg has demonstrated a new method enabling precise measurements of the interatomic forces that hold crystalline solids together. The paper Probing the Interatomic Potential of Solids by Strong-Field Nonlinear Phononics, published online in Nature, explains how a terahertz-frequency laser pulse can drive very large deformations of the crystal.

By measuring the highly unusual atomic trajectories under extreme electromagnetic transients, the MPSD group could reconstruct how rigid the atomic bonds are...

Im Focus: Developing reliable quantum computers

International research team makes important step on the path to solving certification problems

Quantum computers may one day solve algorithmic problems which even the biggest supercomputers today can’t manage. But how do you test a quantum computer to...

Im Focus: In best circles: First integrated circuit from self-assembled polymer

For the first time, a team of researchers at the Max-Planck Institute (MPI) for Polymer Research in Mainz, Germany, has succeeded in making an integrated circuit (IC) from just a monolayer of a semiconducting polymer via a bottom-up, self-assembly approach.

In the self-assembly process, the semiconducting polymer arranges itself into an ordered monolayer in a transistor. The transistors are binary switches used...

Im Focus: Demonstration of a single molecule piezoelectric effect

Breakthrough provides a new concept of the design of molecular motors, sensors and electricity generators at nanoscale

Researchers from the Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry of the CAS (IOCB Prague), Institute of Physics of the CAS (IP CAS) and Palacký University...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

2nd International Conference on High Temperature Shape Memory Alloys (HTSMAs)

15.02.2018 | Event News

Aachen DC Grid Summit 2018

13.02.2018 | Event News

How Global Climate Policy Can Learn from the Energy Transition

12.02.2018 | Event News

 
Latest News

Basque researchers turn light upside down

23.02.2018 | Physics and Astronomy

Finnish research group discovers a new immune system regulator

23.02.2018 | Health and Medicine

Attoseconds break into atomic interior

23.02.2018 | Physics and Astronomy

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>