Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:


Laser technology powers efficiency and productivity in photovoltaics

By the middle of the next decade, the price of solar power in Germany will decrease to that of conventionally generated electricity. Therefore the manufacturing price of solar cells must be reduced and the cells must be made more efficient.

To reach these aims and to demonstrate the feasibility of laser manufacturing processes in photovoltaics ten companies and institutes are cooperating in the € 6-million joint EU project called SOLASYS, which is being coordinated by the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT. The project's initial results will be presented at the coming international trade fair LASER 2009 - World of Photonics, which will be held in Munich from June 15-18, 2009.

Photovoltaics refers to the process of generating electrical power directly from sunlight. It is very popular in some European countries mainly because of favorable feed-in tariffs. The European Photovoltaic Industry Association (EPIA) forecasts that the total installed output will grow tenfold by the year 2017, even though solar power today is far more expensive than electricity generated by conventional means.

It is predicted that "grid parity", which refers to the moment at which solar electricity and household electricity cost the same, will be reached in Germany in the middle of the next decade. One third of the high power prices is due to the cost of materials and another third to the cost of manufacturing solar cells. The lower efficiency of conventional cells also plays a role. Depending on the type of cell, it can be between 6 and 16 percent. If this is increased, fewer cells are required for the same electrical output.

The "Next Generation Solar Cell and Module Laser Processing Systems" (SOLASYS) demonstration project aims at lowering manufacturing costs while increasing cell efficiency at the same time. It is being funded by the EU in the Seventh European Framework Programme in the energy segment. The joint project is worth € 6 million, € 3.5 million of which are covered by an EU subsidy. The project was launched on September 1, 2008, and is due to last 36 months.

A consortium of ten companies and institutes is participating in SOLASYS. They include manufacturers and developers of laser systems (Trumpf Laser GmbH and Laserline GmbH from Germany) and of machines (Manz Automation GmbH from Germany), research institutes (CNRS-LP3 from France and IMEC from Belgium), producers of solar cells and solar modules (BP Solar from Spain, Solland Solar from The Netherlands and Energy Solutions from Bulgaria) and a manufacturer of beam guiding systems (Scanlab AG from Germany). Because of its many years of experience in the field of laser-based materials processing, the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology in Aachen is heading the project.

The laser has many advantages as a materials processing tool, such as non-contact machining, controlled energy input, high speed and precision. Yet, in the manufacturing of solar cells, lasers are only used sporadically, for instance to isolate the cell's negative and positive terminals. SOLASYS aims to improve current processes and integrate new methods in industrial production. Five specific processes are involved: high-speed drilling of microscopically small holes, ablation of thin layers without damage to the substrate, laser soldering for cell interconnection, laser isolation of the front and rear sides as well as laser-based selective doping.

Laser drilling is one example of how SOLASYS will lower costs for the manufacturing of silicon solar cells. The "metal wrap through" concept (MWT) involves transferring the metal contacts from the front of the cell to the back using drilled holes with the diameter of a human hair. This requires drilling 100 holes in less than a second. The aim of this method is to increase cell efficiency by reducing shading from contacts on the front side of the panel, and to simplify cell contacting, since both electrical terminals are on the rear side.

In the future, the connection of several cells to form a single module will also be performed using lasers. Laser soldering permits precise control of the soldering temperatures and hence specific process optimization. If the temperature at the solar cell deviates from the set value, the laser output can be adjusted accordingly, which enables a high-quality solder joint and low thermal stress.

Thanks to the methods elaborated in SOLASYS, a throughput of one cell per second will be attained even for modern, complex cell concepts. Production lines will be set up to demonstrate the industrial feasibility of this laser machining approach. The work of SOLASYS will benefit both existing as well as novel solar cell concepts. The aim, in both cases, is to increase throughput and yield, and improve the efficiency of solar cells.

Initial results will be presented to a broad audience of experts at the joint Fraunhofer stand in Hall C2 at the LASER 2009 trade fair in Munich, which will be held from June 15-18, 2009. For more background information and news updates, please visit the project website, .

Contact at the Fraunhofer ILT:

Our experts will gladly answer any questions regarding the joint SOLASYS project and laser applications in Micro Technology in general:

Dr. Alexander Olowinsky
Department of Micro technology
Phone +49 241 8906-491
Dr. Malte Schulz-Ruhtenberg
Department of Micro technology
Phone +49 241 8906-604
Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT
Steinbachstrasse 15
D-52074 Aachen, Germany
Phone +49 241 8906-0
Fax +49 241 8906-121
Press conference and tour at LASER 2009, Munich:
When? Tuesday, June 16,2009, from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m.
Where? Fraunhofer stand No. 350 in Hall C2

Axel Bauer | Fraunhofer Gesellschaft
Further information:

All articles from Power and Electrical Engineering >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Locomotion control with photopigments

Researchers from Göttingen University discover additional function of opsins

Animal photoreceptors capture light with photopigments. Researchers from the University of Göttingen have now discovered that these photopigments fulfill an...

Im Focus: Surveying the Arctic: Tracking down carbon particles

Researchers embark on aerial campaign over Northeast Greenland

On 15 March, the AWI research aeroplane Polar 5 will depart for Greenland. Concentrating on the furthest northeast region of the island, an international team...

Im Focus: Unique Insights into the Antarctic Ice Shelf System

Data collected on ocean-ice interactions in the little-researched regions of the far south

The world’s second-largest ice shelf was the destination for a Polarstern expedition that ended in Punta Arenas, Chile on 14th March 2018. Oceanographers from...

Im Focus: ILA 2018: Laser alternative to hexavalent chromium coating

At the 2018 ILA Berlin Air Show from April 25–29, the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT is showcasing extreme high-speed Laser Material Deposition (EHLA): A video documents how for metal components that are highly loaded, EHLA has already proved itself as an alternative to hard chrome plating, which is now allowed only under special conditions.

When the EU restricted the use of hexavalent chromium compounds to special applications requiring authorization, the move prompted a rethink in the surface...

Im Focus: Radar for navigation support from autonomous flying drones

At the ILA Berlin, hall 4, booth 202, Fraunhofer FHR will present two radar sensors for navigation support of drones. The sensors are valuable components in the implementation of autonomous flying drones: they function as obstacle detectors to prevent collisions. Radar sensors also operate reliably in restricted visibility, e.g. in foggy or dusty conditions. Due to their ability to measure distances with high precision, the radar sensors can also be used as altimeters when other sources of information such as barometers or GPS are not available or cannot operate optimally.

Drones play an increasingly important role in the area of logistics and services. Well-known logistic companies place great hope in these compact, aerial...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>



Industry & Economy
Event News

Ultrafast Wireless and Chip Design at the DATE Conference in Dresden

16.03.2018 | Event News

International Tinnitus Conference of the Tinnitus Research Initiative in Regensburg

13.03.2018 | Event News

International Virtual Reality Conference “IEEE VR 2018” comes to Reutlingen, Germany

08.03.2018 | Event News

Latest News

Wandering greenhouse gas

16.03.2018 | Earth Sciences

'Frequency combs' ID chemicals within the mid-infrared spectral region

16.03.2018 | Physics and Astronomy

Biologists unravel another mystery of what makes DNA go 'loopy'

16.03.2018 | Life Sciences

Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>