John Ylander has studied the effects of various change processes within a large international group. Through in-depth interviews and workshops with staff, union representatives and some 40 managers at various levels, John Ylander has uncovered what makes certain managers more successful than others in their task of achieving change.
The thesis shows that the managers who achieve the greatest success are the ones that succeed in conveying a comprehensible vision of the objective of the change. This enables them to create understanding in the staff for the environmental change that the business is undergoing.
Ylander uses the term ”Feed forward reflection”. It means that the individual responsible for a change must sympathize with the fact that people at differing levels have different time perspectives. For example, strategic managers look several years ahead in time, at the same time as other staff are involved in their everyday work. If managers are aware of the varying time perspectives and succeed in communicating with staff on the basis of their knowledge, it is easier to implement successful organisational change.
John Ylander’s research demonstrates that good leadership in conjunction with the task of instituting change can deliver major benefits in the form of a better psychosocial environment and less stress-related problems in staff.
He considers this to be important knowledge in these times of economic turbulence when many companies are facing severe cutbacks, and says: - Change management is a central concept today. Successful change is a strategic advantage. Change that fails can be the cause of both personal and organisational crises.
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A study led by scientists of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg presents evidence of the coexistence of superconductivity and “charge-density-waves” in compounds of the poorly-studied family of bismuthates. This observation opens up new perspectives for a deeper understanding of the phenomenon of high-temperature superconductivity, a topic which is at the core of condensed matter research since more than 30 years. The paper by Nicoletti et al has been published in the PNAS.
Since the beginning of the 20th century, superconductivity had been observed in some metals at temperatures only a few degrees above the absolute zero (minus...
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