While unemployment is viewed as a bad signal by prospective employers, economists have speculated that being in a low-quality job may well be an equally bad signal. Professor Stewart has investigated this hypothesis and looks at how the overall employment prospects of people in low paid jobs compared on the one hand with those on higher rates of pay and on the other hand with those who are unemployed.
Professor Stewart looked at data on 4739 individuals over six years in the British Household Panel Survey (BHPS) from 1991 to 1996 (chosen to be prior to the introduction of the National Minimum Wage). He identified those earning less than £3.50 hour (in 1997 terms) as being low paid.
His study found that employees in a low wage job are 2.7 times as likely to be unemployed a year later as those who were higher paid. Professor Stewart also found that the probability of reentering unemployment for someone who gets a low-wage job after a spell of unemployment is twice that for someone with the same characteristics who manages to get a higher paid job after the unemployment spell.
His research also established that being in a period of low waged employment had almost the same detrimental affect on future employment prospects as a period of actual unemployment.
Professor Stewart said:
"Low-wage jobs act as the main conduit for repeat unemployment. The results in this paper suggest that not all jobs are ‘good’ jobs, in the sense of improving future prospects, and that low-wage jobs typically do not lead on to better things. If unemployed individuals’ future employment prospects are to be permanently improved, they need to find jobs where they can augment their skills (for example through training) and move up the pay distribution. Low paid jobs typically do not provide this."
Peter Dunn | alfa
Frugal Innovations: when less is more
19.04.2017 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Arbeitswirtschaft und Organisation IAO
Europe's microtechnology industry is attuned to growth
10.03.2017 | IVAM Fachverband für Mikrotechnik
More and more automobile companies are focusing on body parts made of carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP). However, manufacturing and repair costs must be further reduced in order to make CFRP more economical in use. Together with the Volkswagen AG and five other partners in the project HolQueSt 3D, the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) has developed laser processes for the automatic trimming, drilling and repair of three-dimensional components.
Automated manufacturing processes are the basis for ultimately establishing the series production of CFRP components. In the project HolQueSt 3D, the LZH has...
Reflecting the structure of composites found in nature and the ancient world, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have synthesized thin carbon nanotube (CNT) textiles that exhibit both high electrical conductivity and a level of toughness that is about fifty times higher than copper films, currently used in electronics.
"The structural robustness of thin metal films has significant importance for the reliable operation of smart skin and flexible electronics including...
The nearby, giant radio galaxy M87 hosts a supermassive black hole (BH) and is well-known for its bright jet dominating the spectrum over ten orders of magnitude in frequency. Due to its proximity, jet prominence, and the large black hole mass, M87 is the best laboratory for investigating the formation, acceleration, and collimation of relativistic jets. A research team led by Silke Britzen from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, has found strong indication for turbulent processes connecting the accretion disk and the jet of that galaxy providing insights into the longstanding problem of the origin of astrophysical jets.
Supermassive black holes form some of the most enigmatic phenomena in astrophysics. Their enormous energy output is supposed to be generated by the...
The probability to find a certain number of photons inside a laser pulse usually corresponds to a classical distribution of independent events, the so-called...
Microprocessors based on atomically thin materials hold the promise of the evolution of traditional processors as well as new applications in the field of flexible electronics. Now, a TU Wien research team led by Thomas Müller has made a breakthrough in this field as part of an ongoing research project.
Two-dimensional materials, or 2D materials for short, are extremely versatile, although – or often more precisely because – they are made up of just one or a...
20.04.2017 | Event News
18.04.2017 | Event News
03.04.2017 | Event News
27.04.2017 | Life Sciences
27.04.2017 | Physics and Astronomy
27.04.2017 | Earth Sciences