Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Innovation in Russia and Ukraine in need of performance improvement

10.07.2007
“In our ranking of national innovation performance for 36 countries, Russia and Ukraine were only placed 27th and 35th respectively,” announces Professor Slavo Radosevic, a senior researcher in the EC funded BRUIT project.

Radosevic belongs to a team of economists from research organisations in Russia and Ukraine, led by Assystem, that has been applying the EC’s TrendChart methodology to collect statistical data and policy information in order to evaluate the national innovation systems and performances of Ukraine and Russia.

Using data collected for 26 socio-economic indicators, Radosevic calculated the summary innovation index (SII) for Russia and Ukraine and compared them with those for EU member states and other countries such as Japan and the US.

“Russia is a country of extremes,” notes Professor Natalia Ivanova from IMEMO, Russian Academy of Sciences. “It has a very well developed system of R&D institutes covering a broad range of scientific fields, however, most Russian business do not invest in R&D and have no clear innovation strategy.”

Notably, the Russian government is investing billions of roubles in areas of science and technology such as nanotechnology and space as well as innovation support measures such as technoparks and venture capital funds.

The Russian government also aims to achieve several specific, innovation-related targets by 2015 including raising the ratio of gross domestic expenditure on R&D to gross domestic product (GERD/GDP) to 2.5% and increasing the ratio of business expenditure on R&D to gross domestic expenditure on R&D (BERD/GERD) to 70%.

IMEMO’s research reveals that government efforts should not only focus on increasing the innovation activities, but also reforming the public and private R&D sector and increasing the number and transparency of competitions for public research funds.

Similarly, Ukraine has a large number of research establishments but many are in decline. Today only a quarter of all Ukrainian graduates leaving university have studied science or engineering, whereas the figure was over 60% in 1990.

“The ratio of public expenditure on R&D to gross domestic product in Ukraine is less than 60% of the EU25 average,” observes Dr Igor Yegorov of STEPS, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. “And the ratio for business R&D expenditures is even worse – just 31%.”

“Clearly action needs to be taken if Ukraine is to develop a broad-based, innovation-led economy,” adds Yegorov.

The researchers recently presented their preliminary findings to Ukrainian government officials in Kiev. The Ukrainian government has designed several innovation policies but problems are often encountered with their implementation. For example, efforts to introduce tax incentives for technoparks by one ministry were subsequently blocked by another.

“Our finalised reports on the national innovation systems and performances of Ukraine and Russia will be published this autumn,” concludes Giles Brandon, BRUIT project co-ordinator at Assystem.

“Furthermore, we will be inviting government policy makers to a workshop to tackle the issues of innovation policy implementation and restructuring of R&D systems.”

Giles Brandon | alfa
Further information:
http://www.inco-bruit.eu

More articles from Business and Finance:

nachricht Preferential trade agreements enhance global trade at the expense of its resilience
17.02.2017 | International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)

nachricht How Strong Brands Translate into Money
15.11.2016 | Kühne Logistics University - Wissenschaftliche Hochschule für Logistik und Unternehmensführung

All articles from Business and Finance >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Breakthrough with a chain of gold atoms

In the field of nanoscience, an international team of physicists with participants from Konstanz has achieved a breakthrough in understanding heat transport

In the field of nanoscience, an international team of physicists with participants from Konstanz has achieved a breakthrough in understanding heat transport

Im Focus: DNA repair: a new letter in the cell alphabet

Results reveal how discoveries may be hidden in scientific “blind spots”

Cells need to repair damaged DNA in our genes to prevent the development of cancer and other diseases. Our cells therefore activate and send “repair-proteins”...

Im Focus: Dresdner scientists print tomorrow’s world

The Fraunhofer IWS Dresden and Technische Universität Dresden inaugurated their jointly operated Center for Additive Manufacturing Dresden (AMCD) with a festive ceremony on February 7, 2017. Scientists from various disciplines perform research on materials, additive manufacturing processes and innovative technologies, which build up components in a layer by layer process. This technology opens up new horizons for component design and combinations of functions. For example during fabrication, electrical conductors and sensors are already able to be additively manufactured into components. They provide information about stress conditions of a product during operation.

The 3D-printing technology, or additive manufacturing as it is often called, has long made the step out of scientific research laboratories into industrial...

Im Focus: Mimicking nature's cellular architectures via 3-D printing

Research offers new level of control over the structure of 3-D printed materials

Nature does amazing things with limited design materials. Grass, for example, can support its own weight, resist strong wind loads, and recover after being...

Im Focus: Three Magnetic States for Each Hole

Nanometer-scale magnetic perforated grids could create new possibilities for computing. Together with international colleagues, scientists from the Helmholtz Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) have shown how a cobalt grid can be reliably programmed at room temperature. In addition they discovered that for every hole ("antidot") three magnetic states can be configured. The results have been published in the journal "Scientific Reports".

Physicist Dr. Rantej Bali from the HZDR, together with scientists from Singapore and Australia, designed a special grid structure in a thin layer of cobalt in...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Booth and panel discussion – The Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings at the AAAS 2017 Annual Meeting

13.02.2017 | Event News

Complex Loading versus Hidden Reserves

10.02.2017 | Event News

International Conference on Crystal Growth in Freiburg

09.02.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Stingless bees have their nests protected by soldiers

24.02.2017 | Life Sciences

New risk factors for anxiety disorders

24.02.2017 | Life Sciences

MWC 2017: 5G Capital Berlin

24.02.2017 | Trade Fair News

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>