The report, by researchers at Sheffield Hallam University, finds that since 1997 real levels of unemployment have dropped by only 600,000, compared to a fall of 900,000 on the official ‘claimant count’ measure. Furthermore, the study reveals that most of this decrease was achieved between 1997 and 2002.
The report, The Real Level of Unemployment 2007, comes out on the same day that the government’s monthly unemployment figures are expected to show that the number of people out of work and claiming unemployment benefits remains below one million.
However, the report is not all bad reading for Gordon Brown. It finds that the biggest reductions in ‘real unemployment’ have occurred among men in Labour’s older industrial heartlands – the group for whom unemployment was often highest during the Conservative years.
The difference between the official figures and the Sheffield Hallam estimates is explained by the large number of people who have been diverted onto other benefits or out of the benefits system altogether. In particular, an estimated one million of the 2.7 million on incapacity benefits should be regarded as ‘hidden unemployed’, the report explains.
Professor Steve Fothergill, who led the study at Sheffield Hallam University explains, "This does not mean that one million incapacity claims are fraudulent, but these men and women would almost certainly have been in work in a genuinely fully employed economy."
The report provides alternative estimates of unemployment for every district in Britain.
The figures show that hidden unemployment is particularly concentrated in the older industrial areas of the North, Scotland and Wales. The estimated real rate of unemployment is well above ten per cent in a number of cities, including Liverpool, Glasgow and Middlesbrough, and in several former coal mining areas. In contrast, the report confirms that much of the South of England outside London is at, or close to, full employment.
Today’s unemployment report is the third by the Sheffield Hallam University team – similar estimates were published in 1997 and 2002.
Professor Fothergill comments, “The large fall in claimant unemployment, coupled with the relative invisibility of unemployment on incapacity benefits or off benefits altogether, has created the misleading impression that the unemployment problem is fading away.
"Though levels of joblessness are clearly down on a decade ago and there has been no return to the sky-high unemployment of the 1980s and early 1990s, the in-coming Prime Minister needs to be aware that many parts of the North, Scotland and Wales still have a long way to go to match the employment levels found in the booming South of England”
Lorna Branton | alfa
Mathematical confirmation: Rewiring financial networks reduces systemic risk
22.06.2017 | International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
Frugal Innovations: when less is more
19.04.2017 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Arbeitswirtschaft und Organisation IAO
Plants and algae use the enzyme Rubisco to fix carbon dioxide, removing it from the atmosphere and converting it into biomass. Algae have figured out a way to increase the efficiency of carbon fixation. They gather most of their Rubisco into a ball-shaped microcompartment called the pyrenoid, which they flood with a high local concentration of carbon dioxide. A team of scientists at Princeton University, the Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford University and the Max Plank Institute of Biochemistry have unravelled the mysteries of how the pyrenoid is assembled. These insights can help to engineer crops that remove more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere while producing more food.
A warming planet
Our brains house extremely complex neuronal circuits, whose detailed structures are still largely unknown. This is especially true for the so-called cerebral cortex of mammals, where among other things vision, thoughts or spatial orientation are being computed. Here the rules by which nerve cells are connected to each other are only partly understood. A team of scientists around Moritz Helmstaedter at the Frankfiurt Max Planck Institute for Brain Research and Helene Schmidt (Humboldt University in Berlin) have now discovered a surprisingly precise nerve cell connectivity pattern in the part of the cerebral cortex that is responsible for orienting the individual animal or human in space.
The researchers report online in Nature (Schmidt et al., 2017. Axonal synapse sorting in medial entorhinal cortex, DOI: 10.1038/nature24005) that synapses in...
Whispering gallery mode (WGM) resonators are used to make tiny micro-lasers, sensors, switches, routers and other devices. These tiny structures rely on a...
Using ultrafast flashes of laser and x-ray radiation, scientists at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (Garching, Germany) took snapshots of the briefest electron motion inside a solid material to date. The electron motion lasted only 750 billionths of the billionth of a second before it fainted, setting a new record of human capability to capture ultrafast processes inside solids!
When x-rays shine onto solid materials or large molecules, an electron is pushed away from its original place near the nucleus of the atom, leaving a hole...
For the first time, physicists have successfully imaged spiral magnetic ordering in a multiferroic material. These materials are considered highly promising candidates for future data storage media. The researchers were able to prove their findings using unique quantum sensors that were developed at Basel University and that can analyze electromagnetic fields on the nanometer scale. The results – obtained by scientists from the University of Basel’s Department of Physics, the Swiss Nanoscience Institute, the University of Montpellier and several laboratories from University Paris-Saclay – were recently published in the journal Nature.
Multiferroics are materials that simultaneously react to electric and magnetic fields. These two properties are rarely found together, and their combined...
19.09.2017 | Event News
12.09.2017 | Event News
06.09.2017 | Event News
22.09.2017 | Life Sciences
22.09.2017 | Life Sciences
21.09.2017 | Physics and Astronomy