Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Results of the 4th Community Innovation Survey (CIS 4) in Portugal

09.11.2006
The Observatório da Ciência e do Ensino Superior (OCES) presents the summary of the main results of the 4th Community Innovation Survey (CIS 4) in Portugal, concerning business innovation activities for the period of 2002-2004.

This survey, conducted in every EU member states under the guidance of Eurostat, is the main statistical instrument for data collection on business innovation, focusing on issues such as: innovation expenditure, its financial results, innovation effects, sources of information, main obstacles and public financial support.

- Four out of ten enterprises in Portugal were innovation active between 2002 and 2004 -

Four out of ten enterprises in Portugal performed innovation activities between 2002 and 2004 (Chart 2). Innovation active enterprises spent EUR 2,827 millions on innovation, which represents 2% of their turnover. 70% of that amount was allocated to the acquisition of machinery, equipment and software and 24% to R&D activities (intramural and extramural).

In average, about 21% of total turnover of enterprises with product innovation resulted from those products.

- Enterprises settled in the Lisboa and in the Centro regions innovated more than enterprises in other regions-

The share of innovation active firms is above the national average in the Centro (46%) and the Lisboa regions (44%). Some of the peripheral regions like Algarve and Madeira revealed the lowest values of this indicator (29% and 33%, respectively).

Considerable differences among the several economic sectors in the percentage of innovation active enterprises

The highest proportion of innovation active enterprises can be found in the services economic activities of Research and Development (100%), Post and telecommunications (78%), Computer and related activities (75%) and Technical testing and analysis (74%). Three industrial activities come next: Chemical industry and petroleum (65%), Electrical and optical equipment (56%) and Electricity, gas and water supply (55%). On the other extreme, Textile and Leather are the least innovative industries (27% and 28%, respectively).

- One out of ten innovation active enterprises received public funding -

Among the total innovation active enterprises, one out of ten received some kind of public funding. The industrial sector presented a larger percentage of enterprises benefiting from this type of funding (13%) than the service sector (8%). During this period, the Centro and Alentejo regions presented the largest proportion of innovation active enterprises benefiting from public financial support (16% and 14%, respectively). One out of four innovation active enterprises with 250 or more employees received some kind of public financial support for innovation, in contrast with the enterprises with 10 to 49 employees where the proportion is one out of ten.

- Lack of knowledge was the main obstacle to innovation in Portugal -

The Competitors or other enterprises in the same sector were indicated as the main source of useful information for the development of innovation projects (29% of innovation active enterprises considered this source as “highly important”). Institutional sources, such as the Government or public research institutes as well as Universities, were cited as “highly important” by 18% and 19% of innovation active enterprises, respectively. On the other hand, only 8% considered the Internal sources within the enterprise or enterprise group as a “highly important” source of information.

The knowledge factors (Lack of information on technology, Lack of information on the markets, Lack of qualified personnel and the Difficulty in finding cooperation partners) were cited as the main obstacles of innovation activities both by innovation active and non innovative enterprises.

It is important to point out that the economic factors (Lack of funds within the enterprise or group, Lack of outside funds and Innovation costs too high) were the obstacles less cited as “highly important”.

- Cost reduction was the main effect of innovation -

The reduction of costs, either through the Reduction of materials and energy consumption, or through the Reduction of labour costs, were pointed out as “highly important” by 25% and 18% of innovative enterprises, respectively, and they were the main effects of innovations introduced by enterprises.

Methodology:

CIS 4 was carried out by OCES, which is INE (The National Statistical Office) legally assigned agency for the Community Innovation Surveys implementation in Portugal. The survey was launched on an on-line platform specially designed for this statistical operation and occurred between June and November 2005.

The sample was stratified by 2-digit classification of economic activities (except for groups 742 and 743, that have a 3-digit classification), by size class of enterprises (number of employees) and by region (NUTS II). The selected enterprises belonged to economic activities from sections C to K of NACE – Rev. 1 and had 5 or more employees (the results presented only consider the enterprises with 10 or more employees).

A stratified sample of 7,370 enterprises, representing a total population of 27,797, resulted in a response rate of 74.3%.

Daniel Ferreira | alfa
Further information:
http://www.oces.mctes.pt
http://www.alphagalileo.org/nontextfiles/resultscis_4.pdf

More articles from Business and Finance:

nachricht Preferential trade agreements enhance global trade at the expense of its resilience
17.02.2017 | International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)

nachricht How Strong Brands Translate into Money
15.11.2016 | Kühne Logistics University - Wissenschaftliche Hochschule für Logistik und Unternehmensführung

All articles from Business and Finance >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Breakthrough with a chain of gold atoms

In the field of nanoscience, an international team of physicists with participants from Konstanz has achieved a breakthrough in understanding heat transport

In the field of nanoscience, an international team of physicists with participants from Konstanz has achieved a breakthrough in understanding heat transport

Im Focus: DNA repair: a new letter in the cell alphabet

Results reveal how discoveries may be hidden in scientific “blind spots”

Cells need to repair damaged DNA in our genes to prevent the development of cancer and other diseases. Our cells therefore activate and send “repair-proteins”...

Im Focus: Dresdner scientists print tomorrow’s world

The Fraunhofer IWS Dresden and Technische Universität Dresden inaugurated their jointly operated Center for Additive Manufacturing Dresden (AMCD) with a festive ceremony on February 7, 2017. Scientists from various disciplines perform research on materials, additive manufacturing processes and innovative technologies, which build up components in a layer by layer process. This technology opens up new horizons for component design and combinations of functions. For example during fabrication, electrical conductors and sensors are already able to be additively manufactured into components. They provide information about stress conditions of a product during operation.

The 3D-printing technology, or additive manufacturing as it is often called, has long made the step out of scientific research laboratories into industrial...

Im Focus: Mimicking nature's cellular architectures via 3-D printing

Research offers new level of control over the structure of 3-D printed materials

Nature does amazing things with limited design materials. Grass, for example, can support its own weight, resist strong wind loads, and recover after being...

Im Focus: Three Magnetic States for Each Hole

Nanometer-scale magnetic perforated grids could create new possibilities for computing. Together with international colleagues, scientists from the Helmholtz Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) have shown how a cobalt grid can be reliably programmed at room temperature. In addition they discovered that for every hole ("antidot") three magnetic states can be configured. The results have been published in the journal "Scientific Reports".

Physicist Dr. Rantej Bali from the HZDR, together with scientists from Singapore and Australia, designed a special grid structure in a thin layer of cobalt in...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Booth and panel discussion – The Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings at the AAAS 2017 Annual Meeting

13.02.2017 | Event News

Complex Loading versus Hidden Reserves

10.02.2017 | Event News

International Conference on Crystal Growth in Freiburg

09.02.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Biocompatible 3-D tracking system has potential to improve robot-assisted surgery

17.02.2017 | Medical Engineering

Real-time MRI analysis powered by supercomputers

17.02.2017 | Medical Engineering

Antibiotic effective against drug-resistant bacteria in pediatric skin infections

17.02.2017 | Health and Medicine

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>