Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Soon one in four of those working will be low paid

16.04.2008
Soon one in four of those working in the most developed economies of the western hemisphere may be low paid and find themselves at increased risk of poverty.

EU-countries, especially Germany and the UK – the Netherlands in their wake –, seem to follow in the footsteps of the US. Here the proportion working at low wages already for quite some time is stable at around 25 percent of the working population. These low-wage jobs appear to be virtually identical across countries.

They all show higher risks for part-timers, women, immigrants, youths and are concentrated in hotels, catering and retail industries. Moreover, with some exceptions, these jobs are found to be persistently of poor quality in all the 6 countries studied.

Extensive new research on low-wage jobs was conducted in 5 EU countries and the US over the recent period. Based on 200 case studies in firms and hospitals and economic analysis of the labour market, it shows stable rates of low pay among employees in Denmark and France at around 10 percent, a UK rate recently stabilised close to 25 percent and rapidly growing rates in both Germany and the Netherlands, surpassing 20 percent already. The EU’s leading economy Germany is even at risk of exceeding the notoriously high rate of the US, especially taking into account the (growing) number of German self-employed with low earnings.

Researchers found that the low-wage workers in the EU are significantly better off than in the US, however, thanks to their social embedding through social insurance, including health care.

The research was conducted for four years by national teams from the EU-countries studied at the request of and with the generous financial support of the US-based Russell Sage Foundation as part of its Future of Work Research Program. The Foundation published their findings in a series of 5 books, one for each country. They will be officially presented at a press conference and discussed during an expert workshop on April 18 at the ARTIS Zalencentrum in Amsterdam. Nobel Laureate Robert M. Solow (Economics 1987) will highlight the importance of the studies.

The workshop will be followed by a conference where the world’s leading labour market economists and policy makers will debate the explanation of the unemployment differences between Europe and the US.

Josje Spinhoven | alfa
Further information:
http://www.uva-aias.net

More articles from Business and Finance:

nachricht How Strong Brands Translate into Money
15.11.2016 | Kühne Logistics University - Wissenschaftliche Hochschule für Logistik und Unternehmensführung

nachricht Demographic change depresses tax revenues
04.11.2016 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Angewandte Informationstechnik FIT

All articles from Business and Finance >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Novel silicon etching technique crafts 3-D gradient refractive index micro-optics

A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.

Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...

Im Focus: Quantum Particles Form Droplets

In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.

“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...

Im Focus: MADMAX: Max Planck Institute for Physics takes up axion research

The Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPP) is opening up a new research field. A workshop from November 21 - 22, 2016 will mark the start of activities for an innovative axion experiment. Axions are still only purely hypothetical particles. Their detection could solve two fundamental problems in particle physics: What dark matter consists of and why it has not yet been possible to directly observe a CP violation for the strong interaction.

The “MADMAX” project is the MPP’s commitment to axion research. Axions are so far only a theoretical prediction and are difficult to detect: on the one hand,...

Im Focus: Molecules change shape when wet

Broadband rotational spectroscopy unravels structural reshaping of isolated molecules in the gas phase to accommodate water

In two recent publications in the Journal of Chemical Physics and in the Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, researchers around Melanie Schnell from the Max...

Im Focus: Fraunhofer ISE Develops Highly Compact, High Frequency DC/DC Converter for Aviation

The efficiency of power electronic systems is not solely dependent on electrical efficiency but also on weight, for example, in mobile systems. When the weight of relevant components and devices in airplanes, for instance, is reduced, fuel savings can be achieved and correspondingly greenhouse gas emissions decreased. New materials and components based on gallium nitride (GaN) can help to reduce weight and increase the efficiency. With these new materials, power electronic switches can be operated at higher switching frequency, resulting in higher power density and lower material costs.

Researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE together with partners have investigated how these materials can be used to make power...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

ICTM Conference 2017: Production technology for turbomachine manufacturing of the future

16.11.2016 | Event News

Innovation Day Laser Technology – Laser Additive Manufacturing

01.11.2016 | Event News

#IC2S2: When Social Science meets Computer Science - GESIS will host the IC2S2 conference 2017

14.10.2016 | Event News

 
Latest News

UTSA study describes new minimally invasive device to treat cancer and other illnesses

02.12.2016 | Medical Engineering

Plasma-zapping process could yield trans fat-free soybean oil product

02.12.2016 | Agricultural and Forestry Science

What do Netflix, Google and planetary systems have in common?

02.12.2016 | Physics and Astronomy

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>