Increased imports often mean cheaper products for EU consumers and greater opportunities for producers in other countries to export their products, but also increased competition for EU producers.
“I have compared various product groups and found that the effects of a reduction in tariffs would be different for fruit and vegetables and for cereals”, says Cecilia Hammarlund, who is behind the report Handel med hinder – effekter av tullar på EU:s jordbruksimport (Trade with obstacles – effects of tariffs on EU agricultural imports).
The study shows that an average reduction in tariffs of one per cent would lead to an increase in trade of some types of vegetables of almost ten per cent. Imports of fruit would increase by five per cent and imports of meat, milk and eggs by almost four per cent. For cereals, however, a one per cent reduction in tariffs would only marginally increase imports.
Imports of agricultural products to the EU are hindered by the tariffs. According to the calculations in the report, the tariffs are particularly high on certain products – 40 per cent on meat and meat products, 48 per cent on dairy products and 37 per cent on cereals. Fruit and vegetables have tariffs of 6–8 per cent of the import value.
The study (which covers the years 1995 to 2007) also shows that it is costly to trade agricultural products across borders. Transport is one factor, yet obstacles to trade also come in the form of consumer preferences in different countries and differences in laws and regulations.
“One overall outcome is that trade is many times greater between EU countries than across borders between an EU country and another country”, says Cecilia Hammarlund, who points out that if the WTO negotiations lead to reductions in tariffs for agricultural products, other types of trade costs could become even more important in the future.
The AgriFood Economics Centre is a collaboration between Lund University and the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.For more information
The report "Handel med hinder – effekter av tullar på EU:s jordbruksimport" (Trade with obstacles – effects of tariffs on EU agricultural imports), which includes a summary in English on pages 7-10, can be downloaded from www.agrifood.se.
Megan Grindlay | idw
How Strong Brands Translate into Money
15.11.2016 | Kühne Logistics University - Wissenschaftliche Hochschule für Logistik und Unternehmensführung
Demographic change depresses tax revenues
04.11.2016 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Angewandte Informationstechnik FIT
An important step towards a completely new experimental access to quantum physics has been made at University of Konstanz. The team of scientists headed by...
Yersiniae cause severe intestinal infections. Studies using Yersinia pseudotuberculosis as a model organism aim to elucidate the infection mechanisms of these...
Researchers from the University of Hamburg in Germany, in collaboration with colleagues from the University of Aarhus in Denmark, have synthesized a new superconducting material by growing a few layers of an antiferromagnetic transition-metal chalcogenide on a bismuth-based topological insulator, both being non-superconducting materials.
While superconductivity and magnetism are generally believed to be mutually exclusive, surprisingly, in this new material, superconducting correlations...
Laser-driving of semimetals allows creating novel quasiparticle states within condensed matter systems and switching between different states on ultrafast time scales
Studying properties of fundamental particles in condensed matter systems is a promising approach to quantum field theory. Quasiparticles offer the opportunity...
Among the general public, solar thermal energy is currently associated with dark blue, rectangular collectors on building roofs. Technologies are needed for aesthetically high quality architecture which offer the architect more room for manoeuvre when it comes to low- and plus-energy buildings. With the “ArKol” project, researchers at Fraunhofer ISE together with partners are currently developing two façade collectors for solar thermal energy generation, which permit a high degree of design flexibility: a strip collector for opaque façade sections and a solar thermal blind for transparent sections. The current state of the two developments will be presented at the BAU 2017 trade fair.
As part of the “ArKol – development of architecturally highly integrated façade collectors with heat pipes” project, Fraunhofer ISE together with its partners...
19.01.2017 | Event News
10.01.2017 | Event News
09.01.2017 | Event News
20.01.2017 | Awards Funding
20.01.2017 | Materials Sciences
20.01.2017 | Life Sciences