Eric Patton, Ph.D., an assistant professor of management at Saint Joseph’s University in Philadelphia, says for the schedule to work, it needs to be implemented very carefully.
“Organizations do not operate in a closed system,” explains Patton. “If a company decides to run on a four-day schedule, partner organizations and/or customers operating on the traditional five-day work week may be inconvenienced.”
But where did the five-day work week come from, anyway?
Patton explains the five-day work week stems from the 1938 passage of the Fair Labor Standards Act and, after World War Two, became the norm. It wasn’t until the early 1970s, over 25 years later, that the notion of a four-day work week was discussed.
“At the time, it was touted as a quality-of-life issue whereby workers could have more time with family and friends, schedule personal appointments, and enjoy additional leisure time,” says Patton. “Many of these issues are just as pertinent today.”
Since 1970, there have been earnest attempts by companies and government alike to implement the four-day work week. In 1994, Volkswagon of Germany implemented the schedule only to retract it in 2006, partly because of resentment by workers not eligible to participate.
Patton says attempts like these often falter because of issues like resentment, loss in productivity, inconvenience and absenteeism. Many of the savings and benefits envisioned by managers often prove elusive. Workers, meanwhile, can become exhausted from the long hours and overwhelmed by cramming five days of work into four days.
The bottom line, according to Patton: “The four-day work week should not be a knee-jerk reaction based on desire to reduce costs in the short term. A sophisticated and comprehensive design of the program must be considered to avoid negative consequences for both workers and organizations. ”
Patton can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org, at 610-660-3178 or by calling University Communications at 610-660-1222.
Eric Patton | Newswise Science News
How Strong Brands Translate into Money
15.11.2016 | Kühne Logistics University - Wissenschaftliche Hochschule für Logistik und Unternehmensführung
Demographic change depresses tax revenues
04.11.2016 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Angewandte Informationstechnik FIT
In recent years, lasers with ultrashort pulses (USP) down to the femtosecond range have become established on an industrial scale. They could advance some applications with the much-lauded “cold ablation” – if that meant they would then achieve more throughput. A new generation of process engineering that will address this issue in particular will be discussed at the “4th UKP Workshop – Ultrafast Laser Technology” in April 2017.
Even back in the 1990s, scientists were comparing materials processing with nanosecond, picosecond and femtosesecond pulses. The result was surprising:...
Have you ever wondered how you see the world? Vision is about photons of light, which are packets of energy, interacting with the atoms or molecules in what...
A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.
Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...
In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.
“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...
The Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPP) is opening up a new research field. A workshop from November 21 - 22, 2016 will mark the start of activities for an innovative axion experiment. Axions are still only purely hypothetical particles. Their detection could solve two fundamental problems in particle physics: What dark matter consists of and why it has not yet been possible to directly observe a CP violation for the strong interaction.
The “MADMAX” project is the MPP’s commitment to axion research. Axions are so far only a theoretical prediction and are difficult to detect: on the one hand,...
16.11.2016 | Event News
01.11.2016 | Event News
14.10.2016 | Event News
08.12.2016 | Life Sciences
08.12.2016 | Physics and Astronomy
08.12.2016 | Materials Sciences