Eric Patton, Ph.D., an assistant professor of management at Saint Joseph’s University in Philadelphia, says for the schedule to work, it needs to be implemented very carefully.
“Organizations do not operate in a closed system,” explains Patton. “If a company decides to run on a four-day schedule, partner organizations and/or customers operating on the traditional five-day work week may be inconvenienced.”
But where did the five-day work week come from, anyway?
Patton explains the five-day work week stems from the 1938 passage of the Fair Labor Standards Act and, after World War Two, became the norm. It wasn’t until the early 1970s, over 25 years later, that the notion of a four-day work week was discussed.
“At the time, it was touted as a quality-of-life issue whereby workers could have more time with family and friends, schedule personal appointments, and enjoy additional leisure time,” says Patton. “Many of these issues are just as pertinent today.”
Since 1970, there have been earnest attempts by companies and government alike to implement the four-day work week. In 1994, Volkswagon of Germany implemented the schedule only to retract it in 2006, partly because of resentment by workers not eligible to participate.
Patton says attempts like these often falter because of issues like resentment, loss in productivity, inconvenience and absenteeism. Many of the savings and benefits envisioned by managers often prove elusive. Workers, meanwhile, can become exhausted from the long hours and overwhelmed by cramming five days of work into four days.
The bottom line, according to Patton: “The four-day work week should not be a knee-jerk reaction based on desire to reduce costs in the short term. A sophisticated and comprehensive design of the program must be considered to avoid negative consequences for both workers and organizations. ”
Patton can be reached at email@example.com, at 610-660-3178 or by calling University Communications at 610-660-1222.
Eric Patton | Newswise Science News
How Strong Brands Translate into Money
15.11.2016 | Kühne Logistics University - Wissenschaftliche Hochschule für Logistik und Unternehmensführung
Demographic change depresses tax revenues
04.11.2016 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Angewandte Informationstechnik FIT
An important step towards a completely new experimental access to quantum physics has been made at University of Konstanz. The team of scientists headed by...
Yersiniae cause severe intestinal infections. Studies using Yersinia pseudotuberculosis as a model organism aim to elucidate the infection mechanisms of these...
Researchers from the University of Hamburg in Germany, in collaboration with colleagues from the University of Aarhus in Denmark, have synthesized a new superconducting material by growing a few layers of an antiferromagnetic transition-metal chalcogenide on a bismuth-based topological insulator, both being non-superconducting materials.
While superconductivity and magnetism are generally believed to be mutually exclusive, surprisingly, in this new material, superconducting correlations...
Laser-driving of semimetals allows creating novel quasiparticle states within condensed matter systems and switching between different states on ultrafast time scales
Studying properties of fundamental particles in condensed matter systems is a promising approach to quantum field theory. Quasiparticles offer the opportunity...
Among the general public, solar thermal energy is currently associated with dark blue, rectangular collectors on building roofs. Technologies are needed for aesthetically high quality architecture which offer the architect more room for manoeuvre when it comes to low- and plus-energy buildings. With the “ArKol” project, researchers at Fraunhofer ISE together with partners are currently developing two façade collectors for solar thermal energy generation, which permit a high degree of design flexibility: a strip collector for opaque façade sections and a solar thermal blind for transparent sections. The current state of the two developments will be presented at the BAU 2017 trade fair.
As part of the “ArKol – development of architecturally highly integrated façade collectors with heat pipes” project, Fraunhofer ISE together with its partners...
19.01.2017 | Event News
10.01.2017 | Event News
09.01.2017 | Event News
20.01.2017 | Awards Funding
20.01.2017 | Materials Sciences
20.01.2017 | Life Sciences