Kirunavaara is also the site that has given the ore its name, the Kiruna types of apatite iron ore, a name that is used internationally. In many places around the world, such as Chile and Sweden, copper and gold have also been found near certain iron ores, a fact that has led researchers from Luleå University of Technology in Sweden to believe that these “big three" were formed at the same time, deep down in the crust of the earth.
At Tjärrojåkka, about fifty kilometers west southwest of Kiruna, the Geological Survey of Sweden (SGU) found an iron deposit in the mid 1960s, and a few years later a nearby copper/gold mineralization was discovered. No mining ever took place since the deposit was too small to be profitable, but all the informationdrill cores, protocols, and analysis resultsare preserved at the SGU information office in Malå. Tjärrojåkka is the best Swedish example of proximate iron and copper/gold finds and has therefore been used as the object of study in Åsa Edfelt’s doctoral dissertation, which she will defend at Luleå University of Technology on May 25.
“The point of departure for my studies has been to examine whether iron ores and copper/gold ores can be formed during one and the same ore-formation event, and to identify properties in them that can be used for prospecting both in Sweden and abroad," says Åsa Edfelt.
“I have carried out comparative studies of age, chemical characteristics of minerals, formation temperatures, and the consistency of the ore-forming solutions in these two finds at Tjärrojåkka and found that they were formed during one and the same event."
In her research, Åsa Edfelt has also shown that the mineral apatite could possibly be used to determine what types of iron ore are lead to copper. The findings are of great significance to the prospecting market, which is currently red hot both in Sweden and in other parts of the world. Some 50 iron deposits are already known in northern Sweden and may also be of interest when it comes to copper and gold.Brief wordlist
Ore-naturally occurring mineral concentration containing metal that is economically worth extracting
Mineralization-name of the mineral concentration
Lena Edenbrink | alfa
UCI and NASA document accelerated glacier melting in West Antarctica
26.10.2016 | University of California - Irvine
Ice shelf vibrations cause unusual waves in Antarctic atmosphere
25.10.2016 | American Geophysical Union
Physicists from the University of Würzburg have designed a light source that emits photon pairs. Two-photon sources are particularly well suited for tap-proof data encryption. The experiment's key ingredients: a semiconductor crystal and some sticky tape.
So-called monolayers are at the heart of the research activities. These "super materials" (as the prestigious science magazine "Nature" puts it) have been...
Ultrafast lasers have introduced new possibilities in engraving ultrafine structures, and scientists are now also investigating how to use them to etch microstructures into thin glass. There are possible applications in analytics (lab on a chip) and especially in electronics and the consumer sector, where great interest has been shown.
This new method was born of a surprising phenomenon: irradiating glass in a particular way with an ultrafast laser has the effect of making the glass up to a...
Terahertz excitation of selected crystal vibrations leads to an effective magnetic field that drives coherent spin motion
Controlling functional properties by light is one of the grand goals in modern condensed matter physics and materials science. A new study now demonstrates how...
Researchers from the Institute for Quantum Computing (IQC) at the University of Waterloo led the development of a new extensible wiring technique capable of controlling superconducting quantum bits, representing a significant step towards to the realization of a scalable quantum computer.
"The quantum socket is a wiring method that uses three-dimensional wires based on spring-loaded pins to address individual qubits," said Jeremy Béjanin, a PhD...
In a paper in Scientific Reports, a research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute describes a novel light-activated phenomenon that could become the basis for applications as diverse as microscopic robotic grippers and more efficient solar cells.
A research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) has developed a revolutionary, light-activated semiconductor nanocomposite material that can be used...
14.10.2016 | Event News
14.10.2016 | Event News
12.10.2016 | Event News
28.10.2016 | Power and Electrical Engineering
28.10.2016 | Physics and Astronomy
28.10.2016 | Life Sciences