UGR professor Jesús Galindo Zaldivar, together to the Spanish Geological and Mining Institute (IGME –Ministry of Education and Science) have carried out a study of the variables suffered by the earth’s crust in the area of Almeria.
Through the geological observation of the field and the carrying out of geophysical prospecting, which determine the deep structure of the Campo de Dalías and the Campo de Níjar, it has been possible to establish the relationship between the tectonic structures observed in the surface and in depth. In addition, they have analysed the seismic activity of the area registered by the Andalusian Seismic Network, managed by the Andalusian Institute of Geophysics of the University of Granada (Universidad de Granada [http://www.ugr.es]).
Applications of the study
The results of the research work have allowed to identify the state of the active structures with seismic risk for the population of the area, besides involving a significant advance in the knowledge of geometry of the geological formations which form the aquifers of the region, necessary to get to know how to exploit and manage them correctly in a strongly agricultural area. Thanks to these research works it has been possible to establish a recent tectonic evolution for the south east of the Bética Mountain Range, with lifting over the sea level of marine terraces, the present fold of the ocean bottom and the fracture of the crust as a response to the approach of the African and Eurasian plates, which will come to collide in a geological future.
The geologists who have taken part in the study have been able to identify a wide variety of tectonic structures (different kinds of faults and folds) which are simultaneously active and will help to characterize the seismic danger of the area. Another novelty of this work is connected with the formation of the southern mountainous front of the mountain range, a determinant factor in the evolution of the coast line in the last ten million years.
These results have been published in four international journals, like Journal of Structural Geology, and in Spanish, Italian and Czech ones, besides expositions in national and international conferences.
The COST European program, financed by the European Union, has given rise to contributions between both work teams, facilitating the sharing of the knowledge acquired in each area, the interchange and collaboration in common projects with other participating countries such as Italy and Romania.
Antonio Marín Ruiz | alfa
NASA examines Peru's deadly rainfall
24.03.2017 | NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center
Steep rise of the Bernese Alps
24.03.2017 | Universität Bern
Astronomers from Bonn and Tautenburg in Thuringia (Germany) used the 100-m radio telescope at Effelsberg to observe several galaxy clusters. At the edges of these large accumulations of dark matter, stellar systems (galaxies), hot gas, and charged particles, they found magnetic fields that are exceptionally ordered over distances of many million light years. This makes them the most extended magnetic fields in the universe known so far.
The results will be published on March 22 in the journal „Astronomy & Astrophysics“.
Galaxy clusters are the largest gravitationally bound structures in the universe. With a typical extent of about 10 million light years, i.e. 100 times the...
Researchers at the Goethe University Frankfurt, together with partners from the University of Tübingen in Germany and Queen Mary University as well as Francis Crick Institute from London (UK) have developed a novel technology to decipher the secret ubiquitin code.
Ubiquitin is a small protein that can be linked to other cellular proteins, thereby controlling and modulating their functions. The attachment occurs in many...
In the eternal search for next generation high-efficiency solar cells and LEDs, scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory and their partners are creating...
Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are less stable. Now researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have, for the first time ever, produced a composite material combining silicon nanosheets and a polymer that is both UV-resistant and easy to process. This brings the scientists a significant step closer to industrial applications like flexible displays and photosensors.
Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are...
Enzymes behave differently in a test tube compared with the molecular scrum of a living cell. Chemists from the University of Basel have now been able to simulate these confined natural conditions in artificial vesicles for the first time. As reported in the academic journal Small, the results are offering better insight into the development of nanoreactors and artificial organelles.
Enzymes behave differently in a test tube compared with the molecular scrum of a living cell. Chemists from the University of Basel have now been able to...
20.03.2017 | Event News
14.03.2017 | Event News
07.03.2017 | Event News
24.03.2017 | Materials Sciences
24.03.2017 | Physics and Astronomy
24.03.2017 | Physics and Astronomy