More than 100 of Europes’s leading ocean researchers meet at Amsterdam, The Netherlands, during 22-24 November 2005 in order to assess the ocean’s role in taking up anthropogenic carbon dioxide – the major driving agent for a human induced climate change. This assessment is carried out through the largest European funded research project on marine carbon research ever: the Integrated Project CARBOOCEAN.
The ocean is considered as the major ultimate sink for the atmospheric greenhouse gas carbon dioxide. The timing of the oceanic carbon dioxide uptake is one of the most critical factors in determining the strength of the expected climate change during the coming decades and centuries. A correct quantification of the oceanic carbon sink is essential for human societies to plan ahead: (1) How large will the future warming of the climate system will be? (2) To which degree must societies reduce their greenhouse gas emissions in order to minimise damage due to climate change? (3) What will the feedbacks to the marine ecosystem and climate be due to uptake of carbon dioxide by the oceans?
These and other related questions are vital within a global context. Enforcements of internationally binding treaties on greenhouse gas limitations, such as the Kyoto Protocol, have to be ensured and extended in future. The global ocean acidification due to the uptake of carbon dioxide by the ocean may lead to large scale changes in ocean ecosystems and possibly have implications for the food chain.
Monika Sandnesmo | alfa
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Reflecting the structure of composites found in nature and the ancient world, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have synthesized thin carbon nanotube (CNT) textiles that exhibit both high electrical conductivity and a level of toughness that is about fifty times higher than copper films, currently used in electronics.
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