The GEMAS-Project will uncover new knowledge about the geographical pattern of the chemistry of soils used to produce food, and the project is led by Clemens Reimann, NGU.
Clemens managed to obtain substantial industry funding for this project. The European metals industry, represented by EuroMetaux in Brussels, will back this project with 4 x 130.000 Euros, over 4 million NOK.
34 organisations collect samples
34 European Geological Survey Organisations have agreed to collect samples of arable land (ploughing layer, 0-20 cm) and of land under permanent grass cover (0-10 cm) at a density of 1 site per 2500 km2 in their territory.
The total area covered will be about 5.8 Million km2. The project is a continuation and extension of the Baltic Soil Survey which resulted in a very successful geochemical atlas that is one of the few geochemical atlasses that is sold out.
Further exciting projects
The EuroGeoSurveys Geochemistry working group had a meeting in Berlin from March 5-7, 2008. This meeting was used to discuss two further exiting projects of the group. Variation of chemical elements in European groundwater is determined using commercial mineral water samples from all over Europe.
The samples will all be analysed at the laboratories of BGR for more than 60 elements.
European groundwater atlas
Many participants travelled to the meeting with quite heavy baggage full of mineral water bottles. Results are expected at the end of this year and the group hopes to be able to publish a first atlas of "European Groundwater Quality" during 2009.
Some first interesting results about the influence of the different bottle materials on the analytical results are already submitted for publication.
This project is jointly led by Manfred Birke of BGR and Clemens Reimann of NGU.
Clemens Reimann | alfa
Water - as the underlying driver of the Earth’s carbon cycle
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At TU Wien, an alternative for resource intensive formwork for the construction of concrete domes was developed. It is now used in a test dome for the Austrian Federal Railways Infrastructure (ÖBB Infrastruktur).
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Many pathogens use certain sugar compounds from their host to help conceal themselves against the immune system. Scientists at the University of Bonn have now, in cooperation with researchers at the University of York in the United Kingdom, analyzed the dynamics of a bacterial molecule that is involved in this process. They demonstrate that the protein grabs onto the sugar molecule with a Pac Man-like chewing motion and holds it until it can be used. Their results could help design therapeutics that could make the protein poorer at grabbing and holding and hence compromise the pathogen in the host. The study has now been published in “Biophysical Journal”.
The cells of the mouth, nose and intestinal mucosa produce large quantities of a chemical called sialic acid. Many bacteria possess a special transport system...
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