Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

NASA satellites catch 2 views of Felicia already affecting Hawaii

12.08.2009
Tropical Storm Felicia is closing in on the Hawaiian Island chain and its center is now expected to pass just north of the big island before moving through the islands Tuesday and Wednesday.

Two NASA satellites captured the height and temperatures of Felicia's clouds to assist meteorologists in their forecasts as she approaches Hawaii. She's already stirring up the surf.

A Tropical Storm Watch Remains in effect for Oahu, the Big Island of Hawaii and for all of Maui County, which includes the islands of Maui, Kahoolawe, Lana, and Molokai. A tropical storm watch means that tropical storm conditions are possible within the watch area. If Felicia does not weaken to a tropical depression later today...a tropical storm warning may be required for portions of the watch area.

The Central Pacific Hurricane Center in Honolulu, Hawaii noted in their discussion "a large swell generated by Felicia is already affecting the main Hawaiian islands. This swell will continue to build across the state today and tonight. Also...regardless of the intensity of Felicia when it reaches the Hawaiian Islands...locally heavy rainfall is still expected to occur and flash flooding remains a possibility."

What's it like to see a tropical storm from space and from the side? NASA has the answers, thanks to two satellites: CloudSat, that takes a "profile" view of a storm, and Aqua, that sees it from the top down. Those are just two of NASA's earth-watching satellites that are helping forecasters calculate what Tropical Storm Felicia's strength will be when it impacts the Hawaiian Island chain late tonight, August 10.

NASA's CloudSat satellite's Cloud Profiling Radar captured a side view of Felicia on August 9 at 7 p.m. EDT (23:00 UTC). The image indicated Felicia's cloudtops are almost 13 kilometers (8 miles) high, down about 2 kilometers over the last several days, which indicates a weakening storm. Higher clouds indicate stronger uplift in a storm, and a more powerful hurricane.

Meanwhile, another satellite and instrument are taking Felicia's cloud temperatures from space. The Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) is an instrument that flies aboard NASA's Aqua satellite and takes infrared images that reveal temperatures of clouds. NASA false-colors the images to show temperature differences, and the lowest temperatures (in purple) are associated with high, cold cloud tops that make up the top of the area of low pressure. Those temperatures are as cold as or colder than 220 degrees Kelvin or minus 63 degrees Fahrenheit (F). The blue areas are around 240 degrees Kelvin, or minus 27F. Felicia's cloud top temperatures are mostly blue, indicating lower clouds.

On August 10, at 11 a.m. EDT (5 a.m. Hawaii Time) Felicia had maximum sustained winds near 45 mph, and is expected to continue weakening as it affects Hawaii. It was moving west near 12 mph, and had a minimum central pressure near 1005 millibars. It was located about 3225 miles east of Hilo, Hawaii near 20.5 north and 150.2 west.

Increasing upper level winds continue to batter at Felicia, further weakening the tropical storm. Those winds will continue and Felicia is expected to drop to a tropical depression by late tonight, Aug. 10 or early on Aug. 11 despite traveling through warm ocean waters.

Residents can expect large ocean swells, gusty winds and heavy downpours over the next couple of days.

Rob Gutro | EurekAlert!
Further information:
http://www.nasa.gov

More articles from Earth Sciences:

nachricht Climate satellite: Tracking methane with robust laser technology
22.06.2017 | Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft

nachricht How reliable are shells as climate archives?
21.06.2017 | Leibniz-Zentrum für Marine Tropenforschung (ZMT)

All articles from Earth Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Can we see monkeys from space? Emerging technologies to map biodiversity

An international team of scientists has proposed a new multi-disciplinary approach in which an array of new technologies will allow us to map biodiversity and the risks that wildlife is facing at the scale of whole landscapes. The findings are published in Nature Ecology and Evolution. This international research is led by the Kunming Institute of Zoology from China, University of East Anglia, University of Leicester and the Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research.

Using a combination of satellite and ground data, the team proposes that it is now possible to map biodiversity with an accuracy that has not been previously...

Im Focus: Climate satellite: Tracking methane with robust laser technology

Heatwaves in the Arctic, longer periods of vegetation in Europe, severe floods in West Africa – starting in 2021, scientists want to explore the emissions of the greenhouse gas methane with the German-French satellite MERLIN. This is made possible by a new robust laser system of the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT in Aachen, which achieves unprecedented measurement accuracy.

Methane is primarily the result of the decomposition of organic matter. The gas has a 25 times greater warming potential than carbon dioxide, but is not as...

Im Focus: How protons move through a fuel cell

Hydrogen is regarded as the energy source of the future: It is produced with solar power and can be used to generate heat and electricity in fuel cells. Empa researchers have now succeeded in decoding the movement of hydrogen ions in crystals – a key step towards more efficient energy conversion in the hydrogen industry of tomorrow.

As charge carriers, electrons and ions play the leading role in electrochemical energy storage devices and converters such as batteries and fuel cells. Proton...

Im Focus: A unique data centre for cosmological simulations

Scientists from the Excellence Cluster Universe at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität Munich have establised "Cosmowebportal", a unique data centre for cosmological simulations located at the Leibniz Supercomputing Centre (LRZ) of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences. The complete results of a series of large hydrodynamical cosmological simulations are available, with data volumes typically exceeding several hundred terabytes. Scientists worldwide can interactively explore these complex simulations via a web interface and directly access the results.

With current telescopes, scientists can observe our Universe’s galaxies and galaxy clusters and their distribution along an invisible cosmic web. From the...

Im Focus: Scientists develop molecular thermometer for contactless measurement using infrared light

Temperature measurements possible even on the smallest scale / Molecular ruby for use in material sciences, biology, and medicine

Chemists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in cooperation with researchers of the German Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM)...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Plants are networkers

19.06.2017 | Event News

Digital Survival Training for Executives

13.06.2017 | Event News

Global Learning Council Summit 2017

13.06.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Quantum thermometer or optical refrigerator?

23.06.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

A 100-year-old physics problem has been solved at EPFL

23.06.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

Equipping form with function

23.06.2017 | Information Technology

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>