Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

NASA captures Typhoon Nida's clouds from 2 angles

01.12.2009
NASA satellites capture amazing views of tropical cyclones, and the Aqua and CloudSat satellites captured a top-down look at temperatures in Typhoon Nida's clouds, and an image of what they look like from the side.

On Monday, November 30, by 4 a.m. ET, Nida had lost her "Super Typhoon" status as a result of wind shear, and is now a typhoon. Nida's maximum sustained winds are near 115 mph (100 knots). The storm was over open ocean in the Western Pacific, about 330 miles south-southwest of the island of Iwo To (formerly Iwo Jima), near 19.6 North and 139.1 East. It was crawling to the west-northwest near 3 mph (2 knots), so the forecast track has become more difficult to predict.

Tropical storm force winds extend 150 miles from the center, so the storm is about 300 miles in diameter. Typhoon-force winds extend out to 55 miles from the center. Nida is kicking up 35-foot high waves in the open ocean.

NASA's CloudSat satellite's Cloud Profiling Radar captured a side look across Nida on Nov. 28. Nida's clouds are over 15 kilometers or 9 miles high. CloudSat also noticed ice in throughout all of Nida's cloud tops, indicating strong, high, thunderstorms. CloudSat also noted heavy rainfall over some of the areas where Nida meets the ocean's surface, more than 30mm/hr (1.18 inches/hour). CloudSat also provided an estimate of winds and atmospheric pressure at the time of the overpass on November 28 and clocked the wind around 140 knots and the minimum central pressure around 918 millibars.

NASA's Aqua satellite also passed over Nida on November 28 and captured infrared and microwave imagery using its Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS). The data from AIRS is also used to create an accurate 3-D map of atmospheric temperature, water vapor and clouds, all of which are helpful to forecasters. The AIRS image clearly showed Nida's eye, and strong, cold thunderstorm cloud tops, colder than -63 Fahrenheit (220 degrees Kelvin) circling the eye.

The infrared signal of the AIRS instrument does not penetrate through clouds. Where there are no clouds the AIRS instrument reads the infrared signal from the ocean and land surfaces, revealing warmer temperatures in orange and red. The orange temperatures are 80F (300 degrees Kelvin) or greater (the darker they are, the warmer they are), and tropical cyclones need sea surface temperatures of 80F to strengthen and maintain their strength.

The Joint Typhoon Warning Center is the organization responsible for forecasts of typhoons in that region, and their latest discussion noted that Nida is weakening as it continues to crawl in a northerly direction.

Rob Gutro | EurekAlert!
Further information:
http://www.nasa.gov

Further reports about: AIRS AQUA CloudSat NASA Typhoon cloud tops open ocean sea surface temperature tropical cyclone

More articles from Earth Sciences:

nachricht NASA looks to solar eclipse to help understand Earth's energy system
21.07.2017 | NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

nachricht Scientists shed light on carbon's descent into the deep Earth
19.07.2017 | European Synchrotron Radiation Facility

All articles from Earth Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Manipulating Electron Spins Without Loss of Information

Physicists have developed a new technique that uses electrical voltages to control the electron spin on a chip. The newly-developed method provides protection from spin decay, meaning that the contained information can be maintained and transmitted over comparatively large distances, as has been demonstrated by a team from the University of Basel’s Department of Physics and the Swiss Nanoscience Institute. The results have been published in Physical Review X.

For several years, researchers have been trying to use the spin of an electron to store and transmit information. The spin of each electron is always coupled...

Im Focus: The proton precisely weighted

What is the mass of a proton? Scientists from Germany and Japan successfully did an important step towards the most exact knowledge of this fundamental constant. By means of precision measurements on a single proton, they could improve the precision by a factor of three and also correct the existing value.

To determine the mass of a single proton still more accurate – a group of physicists led by Klaus Blaum and Sven Sturm of the Max Planck Institute for Nuclear...

Im Focus: On the way to a biological alternative

A bacterial enzyme enables reactions that open up alternatives to key industrial chemical processes

The research team of Prof. Dr. Oliver Einsle at the University of Freiburg's Institute of Biochemistry has long been exploring the functioning of nitrogenase....

Im Focus: The 1 trillion tonne iceberg

Larsen C Ice Shelf rift finally breaks through

A one trillion tonne iceberg - one of the biggest ever recorded -- has calved away from the Larsen C Ice Shelf in Antarctica, after a rift in the ice,...

Im Focus: Laser-cooled ions contribute to better understanding of friction

Physics supports biology: Researchers from PTB have developed a model system to investigate friction phenomena with atomic precision

Friction: what you want from car brakes, otherwise rather a nuisance. In any case, it is useful to know as precisely as possible how friction phenomena arise –...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Closing the Sustainability Circle: Protection of Food with Biobased Materials

21.07.2017 | Event News

»We are bringing Additive Manufacturing to SMEs«

19.07.2017 | Event News

The technology with a feel for feelings

12.07.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

NASA looks to solar eclipse to help understand Earth's energy system

21.07.2017 | Earth Sciences

Stanford researchers develop a new type of soft, growing robot

21.07.2017 | Power and Electrical Engineering

Vortex photons from electrons in circular motion

21.07.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>