Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

La Niña Pacific Ocean Event Appears to be Forming

10.10.2011
Global Temperature Report: September 2011

Global climate trend since Nov. 16, 1978: +0.14 C per decade

September temperatures (preliminary)

* Global composite temp.: +0.29 C (about 0.52 degrees Fahrenheit) above 30-year average for September.
* Northern Hemisphere: +0.31 C (about 0.56 degrees Fahrenheit) above 30-year average for September.
* Southern Hemisphere: +0.27 C (about 0.49 degrees Fahrenheit) above 30-year average for September.

* Tropics: +0.18 C (about 0.32 degrees Fahrenheit) above 30-year average for September.

August temperatures (revised):
* Global Composite: +0.33 C above 30-year average
* Northern Hemisphere: +0.32 C above 30-year average
* Southern Hemisphere: +0.33 C above 30-year average
* Tropics: +0.16 C above 30-year average
(All temperature anomalies are based on a 30-year average (1981-2010) for the month reported.)
Notes on data released Oct 5, 2011:
September 2011 was the fifth warmest September in the past 34 years — fifth warmest globally and in both hemispheres, according to Dr. John Christy, a professor of atmospheric science and director of the Earth System Science Center at The University of Alabama in Huntsville.

Although last winter’s La Niña Pacific Ocean cooling event has faded and a new one appears to be forming, the tropics continue to be warmer than seasonal norms: Last month was the seventh warmest September in the tropics.

Warmest Septembers, Global
Temperature Anomalies
(degrees Celsius)
1. 2010 0.48
2. 2009 0.38
3. 1998 0.34
4. 2005 0.32
5. 2011 0.29
6. 2002 0.24
7. 2006 0.24
8. 2003 0.19
9. 1988 0.16
10. 2007 0.14
Northern Hemisphere
September Temp Anomalies
Warmer Than Norms
1. 2009 0.45
2. 1998 0.43
3. 2010 0.41
4. 2005 0.32
5. 2011 0.31
6. 2006 0.30
7. 2003 0.27
8. 1988 0.16
9. 2007 0.16
10. 1995 0.16
Southern Hemisphere
September Temp Anomalies
Warmer Than Norms
1. 2010 0.55
2. 2002 0.34
3. 2005 0.32
4. 2009 0.31
5. 2011 0.27
6. 1998 0.24
7. 1980 0.23
8. 1996 0.19
9. 2006 0.18
10. 1988 0.16
Tropics, Temp Anomalies
Warmest Septembers
1. 2009 0.55
2. 1987 0.38
3. 1997 0.36
4. 2005 0.28
5. 1998 0.26
6. 2010 0.22
7. 2011 0.18
8. 2002 0.15
9. 1995 0.15
10. 2006 0.11
As part of an ongoing joint project between UAHuntsville, NOAA and NASA, Christy and Dr. Roy Spencer, a principal research scientist in the ESSC, use data gathered by advanced microwave sounding units on NOAA and NASA satellites to get accurate temperature readings for almost all regions of the Earth. This includes remote desert, ocean and rain forest areas where reliable climate data are not otherwise available.

The satellite-based instruments measure the temperature of the atmosphere from the surface up to an altitude of about eight kilometers above sea level. Once the monthly temperature data is collected and processed, it is placed in a "public" computer file for immediate access by atmospheric scientists in the U.S. and abroad.

Neither Christy nor Spencer receives any research support or funding from oil, coal or industrial companies or organizations, or from any private or special interest groups. All of their climate research funding comes from federal and state grants or contracts.

For Additional Information:
Dr. John Christy, (256) 961-7763
john.christy@nsstc.uah.edu
Dr. Roy Spencer, (256) 961-7960
roy.spencer@nsstc.uah.edu

Dr. Roy Spencer | Newswise Science News
Further information:
http://www.nsstc.uah.edu

More articles from Earth Sciences:

nachricht NASA examines newly formed Tropical Depression 3W in 3-D
26.04.2017 | NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

nachricht Early organic carbon got deep burial in mantle
25.04.2017 | Rice University

All articles from Earth Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Making lightweight construction suitable for series production

More and more automobile companies are focusing on body parts made of carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP). However, manufacturing and repair costs must be further reduced in order to make CFRP more economical in use. Together with the Volkswagen AG and five other partners in the project HolQueSt 3D, the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) has developed laser processes for the automatic trimming, drilling and repair of three-dimensional components.

Automated manufacturing processes are the basis for ultimately establishing the series production of CFRP components. In the project HolQueSt 3D, the LZH has...

Im Focus: Wonder material? Novel nanotube structure strengthens thin films for flexible electronics

Reflecting the structure of composites found in nature and the ancient world, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have synthesized thin carbon nanotube (CNT) textiles that exhibit both high electrical conductivity and a level of toughness that is about fifty times higher than copper films, currently used in electronics.

"The structural robustness of thin metal films has significant importance for the reliable operation of smart skin and flexible electronics including...

Im Focus: Deep inside Galaxy M87

The nearby, giant radio galaxy M87 hosts a supermassive black hole (BH) and is well-known for its bright jet dominating the spectrum over ten orders of magnitude in frequency. Due to its proximity, jet prominence, and the large black hole mass, M87 is the best laboratory for investigating the formation, acceleration, and collimation of relativistic jets. A research team led by Silke Britzen from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, has found strong indication for turbulent processes connecting the accretion disk and the jet of that galaxy providing insights into the longstanding problem of the origin of astrophysical jets.

Supermassive black holes form some of the most enigmatic phenomena in astrophysics. Their enormous energy output is supposed to be generated by the...

Im Focus: A Quantum Low Pass for Photons

Physicists in Garching observe novel quantum effect that limits the number of emitted photons.

The probability to find a certain number of photons inside a laser pulse usually corresponds to a classical distribution of independent events, the so-called...

Im Focus: Microprocessors based on a layer of just three atoms

Microprocessors based on atomically thin materials hold the promise of the evolution of traditional processors as well as new applications in the field of flexible electronics. Now, a TU Wien research team led by Thomas Müller has made a breakthrough in this field as part of an ongoing research project.

Two-dimensional materials, or 2D materials for short, are extremely versatile, although – or often more precisely because – they are made up of just one or a...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Expert meeting “Health Business Connect” will connect international medical technology companies

20.04.2017 | Event News

Wenn der Computer das Gehirn austrickst

18.04.2017 | Event News

7th International Conference on Crystalline Silicon Photovoltaics in Freiburg on April 3-5, 2017

03.04.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Scientist invents way to trigger artificial photosynthesis to clean air

26.04.2017 | Materials Sciences

Ammonium nitrogen input increases the synthesis of anticarcinogenic compounds in broccoli

26.04.2017 | Agricultural and Forestry Science

SwRI-led team discovers lull in Mars' giant impact history

26.04.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>