Global climate trend since Nov. 16, 1978: +0.14 C per decade
September temperatures (preliminary)* Global composite temp.: +0.29 C (about 0.52 degrees Fahrenheit) above 30-year average for September.
* Tropics: +0.18 C (about 0.32 degrees Fahrenheit) above 30-year average for September.August temperatures (revised):
Although last winter’s La Niña Pacific Ocean cooling event has faded and a new one appears to be forming, the tropics continue to be warmer than seasonal norms: Last month was the seventh warmest September in the tropics.
The satellite-based instruments measure the temperature of the atmosphere from the surface up to an altitude of about eight kilometers above sea level. Once the monthly temperature data is collected and processed, it is placed in a "public" computer file for immediate access by atmospheric scientists in the U.S. and abroad.
Neither Christy nor Spencer receives any research support or funding from oil, coal or industrial companies or organizations, or from any private or special interest groups. All of their climate research funding comes from federal and state grants or contracts.For Additional Information:
Dr. Roy Spencer | Newswise Science News
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The BMBF-funded OWICELLS project was successfully completed with a final presentation at the BMW plant in Munich. The presentation demonstrated a Li-Fi communication with a mobile robot, while the robot carried out usual production processes (welding, moving and testing parts) in a 5x5m² production cell. The robust, optical wireless transmission is based on spatial diversity; in other words, data is sent and received simultaneously by several LEDs and several photodiodes. The system can transmit data at more than 100 Mbit/s and five milliseconds latency.
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