The TRMM satellite passed close to Hurricane Earl's position early on August 31 at 0439 UTC (12:39 a.m. EDT) collecting data used in the TRMM Microwave Imager (TMI) rainfall analysis. At that time, TRMM observed a band of rain drenching Puerto Rico as it spiraled into the powerful hurricane. At the time Earl had become a powerful category four hurricane with wind speeds of about 115 knots (~132 mph). Very heavy rainfall of over 50 mm/hr (2 inches) clearly defined the location of Earl's eye wall. TRMM is managed by NASA and the Japanese Space Agency.
Another NASA satellite analyzed Hurricane Earl's cloud temperatures and thunderstorms. High, cold thunderstorm cloud tops indicate powerful storms. NASA's Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) instrument flies aboard the Aqua satellite and captured an infrared image of Hurricane Earl today, Sept. 1 at 06:53 UTC (2:53 a.m. EDT). It showed high, powerful thunderstorms circle the center providing the heat engine for the hurricane. Earl's eye was not visible in the image, possibly because it was going through eyewall replacement, which usually occurs in major hurricanes.
On September 1 at 1500 UTC (11 a.m. EDT), Earl was a Category 3 hurricane with maximum sustained winds near 125 mph. Earl's center was located about 725 miles south-southeast of Cape Hatteras, N.C. near 25.1 North and 72.1 West. It is moving to the northwest near 17 mph, and had a minimum central pressure of 943 millibars.
Earl is a large storm, with tropical storm-force winds extending out from the center to 200 miles, and hurricane-force-winds extending out 90 miles from the center. The extent of hurricane-force winds has increased since yesterday.
A Hurricane warning is in effect from Bogue Inlet,N.C. to the N.C./V.A. border, including Pamlico and Albemarle Sounds. That means that hurricane conditions expected within 36 hours. A Hurricane watch has been posted from the North Carolina/Virginia border to Cape Henlopen, Delaware. That means Hurricane conditions expected within 48 hours. Tropical storm warning is in effect from Cape Fear, N.C. to west of Bogue Inlet, N.C. and San Salvador Island, Central Bahamas. That means Tropical storm conditions expected within 36 hours.
What can be expected? A storm surge of 3 to 5 feet above normal tidal levels expected in the warning area, with large and destructive waves. Large swells should affect the Bahamas and southeastern U.S. today. In terms of rainfall, the Bahamas and extreme eastern North Carolina, including Outer Banks, can expect 1 to 2 inches, locally up to 4 inches of rain.
Earl is expected to maintain intensity for the next few days, as it moves northwest, then north.
Residents from New Jersey to New England should monitor Earl's progress. For updated information, visit: http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/, or your local National Weather Service forecast webpage.
Text credit: Rob Gutro, NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Md.
Rob Gutro | EurekAlert!
How do megacities impact coastal seas? Searching for evidence in Chinese marginal seas
11.12.2017 | Leibniz-Institut für Ostseeforschung Warnemünde
What makes corals sick?
11.12.2017 | Leibniz-Zentrum für Marine Tropenforschung (ZMT)
Tiny pores at a cell's entryway act as miniature bouncers, letting in some electrically charged atoms--ions--but blocking others. Operating as exquisitely sensitive filters, these "ion channels" play a critical role in biological functions such as muscle contraction and the firing of brain cells.
To rapidly transport the right ions through the cell membrane, the tiny channels rely on a complex interplay between the ions and surrounding molecules,...
The miniaturization of the current technology of storage media is hindered by fundamental limits of quantum mechanics. A new approach consists in using so-called spin-crossover molecules as the smallest possible storage unit. Similar to normal hard drives, these special molecules can save information via their magnetic state. A research team from Kiel University has now managed to successfully place a new class of spin-crossover molecules onto a surface and to improve the molecule’s storage capacity. The storage density of conventional hard drives could therefore theoretically be increased by more than one hundred fold. The study has been published in the scientific journal Nano Letters.
Over the past few years, the building blocks of storage media have gotten ever smaller. But further miniaturization of the current technology is hindered by...
With innovative experiments, researchers at the Helmholtz-Zentrums Geesthacht and the Technical University Hamburg unravel why tiny metallic structures are extremely strong
Light-weight and simultaneously strong – porous metallic nanomaterials promise interesting applications as, for instance, for future aeroplanes with enhanced...
An interdisciplinary group of researchers interfaced individual bacteria with a computer to build a hybrid bio-digital circuit - Study published in Nature Communications
Scientists at the Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria) have managed to control the behavior of individual bacteria by connecting them to a...
Physicists in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics (run jointly by LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute for Quantum Optics) have developed an attosecond electron microscope that allows them to visualize the dispersion of light in time and space, and observe the motions of electrons in atoms.
The most basic of all physical interactions in nature is that between light and matter. This interaction takes place in attosecond times (i.e. billionths of a...
11.12.2017 | Event News
08.12.2017 | Event News
07.12.2017 | Event News
11.12.2017 | Information Technology
11.12.2017 | Power and Electrical Engineering
11.12.2017 | Event News