Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

What caused the LUSI mud volcano eruption?

14.10.2008
Two competing theories about the cause of a massive mud volcano eruption in Indonesia will be debated next week, in a special session at a conference held at the Geological Society, London (Note 1).

The mud volcano, dubbed LUSI, has been continuously erupting since May 2006, when water, steam and gas at 100 degrees broke through the surface in the village of Sidoarjo in East Java. Approximately 50,000 cubic metres of toxic mud are deposited every day, with mud flows spreading over 7.0 square kilometres. The result has so far been the displacement of around 30,000 people, and damage costing nearly 11 million Rupiah.

Experts are divided over the cause of the eruption, and whether it may have been a man made disaster. The eruption began just 150 metres away from the head of a hydrocarbon exploration well, and early reports favoured the theory that the nearby drilling activity may have triggered the eruption.

Others support the idea that an earthquake of magnitude 6.3, which hit the south coast of Java just two days before the LUSI eruption began, cannot be mere coincidence. Killing more people than the eruption – over 6200 – and displacing 1.5 million, the earthquake is regarded by some as a likely trigger for the mud volcano’s eruption.

Advocates of both sides of the debate will discuss the issue as part of a two day conference (Note 2) on fluid flow in sedimentary basins, convened by the Geological Society of London’s Petroleum Group. The section of the conference dealing with LUSI will take place from 1700 – 1920 on Tuesday October 21. A news conference featuring speakers from that session will be held at the Geological Society at 1100 on Monday October 20.

The programme for the conference will be:

•1700 Michael Manga (University of California, Berkeley) Did an earthquake trigger the eruption of the Lusi mud volcano?
•1720 Richard Davies (University of Durham) Triggering of the Lusi mud eruption
•1740 Mark Tingay (University of Adelaide) Triggering of the Lusi mud eruption: earthquakes vs drilling initiation
•1800 Richard Swarbrick (Geopressure Technology) Estimating the longevity of the Lusi mud volcano
•1820 Bambang Istadi (Energi Mega Persada) Analysis & recent study results on East Java mud volcano

•1840 Adriano Mazzini (University of Oslo) Keynote: Causes and triggers of the Lusi mud volcano, Indonesia

1. The Geological Society of London, founded 1807, is a learned and professional body, of almost 10,000 Earth scientists with a remit to investigate, interpret, discuss, inform and advise on the nature and processes of the Earth, their practical importance to humanity, and, in the interests of the public, to promote professional excellence. The Society offers advice to Parliament and Government, at individual and corporate levels. Registered Charity No. 210161.

2. Subsurface sediment remobilization and fluid flow in sedimentary basins is a two day conference to be held at the Geological Society on 21 – 22 October. For more information, go to http://www.geolsoc.org.uk/gsl/groups/specialist/petroleum/page1322.html

3. Speaker contacts: Contact Details:
•Manga - manga@seismo.berkeley.edu;
•Tingay - M.Tingay@curtin.edu.au;
•Swarbrick - r.e.swarbrick@geopressure.co.uk;
•Istadi - bambang.istadi@energi-mp.com;
•Davies - richard.davies@dur.ac.uk T: 44 (0)787 1551 682;
•Mazzini - adriano.mazzini@fys.uio.no.
4. For more information about LUSI mud volcano, see http://www.geolsoc.org.uk/gsl/geoscientist/features/page3693.html

Sarah Day | alfa
Further information:
http://www.geolsoc.org.uk/gsl/groups/specialist/petroleum/page1322.html

More articles from Earth Sciences:

nachricht Sediment from Himalayas may have made 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake more severe
26.05.2017 | Oregon State University

nachricht Devils Hole: Ancient Traces of Climate History
24.05.2017 | Universität Innsbruck

All articles from Earth Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Can the immune system be boosted against Staphylococcus aureus by delivery of messenger RNA?

Staphylococcus aureus is a feared pathogen (MRSA, multi-resistant S. aureus) due to frequent resistances against many antibiotics, especially in hospital infections. Researchers at the Paul-Ehrlich-Institut have identified immunological processes that prevent a successful immune response directed against the pathogenic agent. The delivery of bacterial proteins with RNA adjuvant or messenger RNA (mRNA) into immune cells allows the re-direction of the immune response towards an active defense against S. aureus. This could be of significant importance for the development of an effective vaccine. PLOS Pathogens has published these research results online on 25 May 2017.

Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is a bacterium that colonizes by far more than half of the skin and the mucosa of adults, usually without causing infections....

Im Focus: A quantum walk of photons

Physicists from the University of Würzburg are capable of generating identical looking single light particles at the push of a button. Two new studies now demonstrate the potential this method holds.

The quantum computer has fuelled the imagination of scientists for decades: It is based on fundamentally different phenomena than a conventional computer....

Im Focus: Turmoil in sluggish electrons’ existence

An international team of physicists has monitored the scattering behaviour of electrons in a non-conducting material in real-time. Their insights could be beneficial for radiotherapy.

We can refer to electrons in non-conducting materials as ‘sluggish’. Typically, they remain fixed in a location, deep inside an atomic composite. It is hence...

Im Focus: Wafer-thin Magnetic Materials Developed for Future Quantum Technologies

Two-dimensional magnetic structures are regarded as a promising material for new types of data storage, since the magnetic properties of individual molecular building blocks can be investigated and modified. For the first time, researchers have now produced a wafer-thin ferrimagnet, in which molecules with different magnetic centers arrange themselves on a gold surface to form a checkerboard pattern. Scientists at the Swiss Nanoscience Institute at the University of Basel and the Paul Scherrer Institute published their findings in the journal Nature Communications.

Ferrimagnets are composed of two centers which are magnetized at different strengths and point in opposing directions. Two-dimensional, quasi-flat ferrimagnets...

Im Focus: World's thinnest hologram paves path to new 3-D world

Nano-hologram paves way for integration of 3-D holography into everyday electronics

An Australian-Chinese research team has created the world's thinnest hologram, paving the way towards the integration of 3D holography into everyday...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Marine Conservation: IASS Contributes to UN Ocean Conference in New York on 5-9 June

24.05.2017 | Event News

AWK Aachen Machine Tool Colloquium 2017: Internet of Production for Agile Enterprises

23.05.2017 | Event News

Dortmund MST Conference presents Individualized Healthcare Solutions with micro and nanotechnology

22.05.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

How herpesviruses win the footrace against the immune system

26.05.2017 | Life Sciences

Water forms 'spine of hydration' around DNA, group finds

26.05.2017 | Life Sciences

First Juno science results supported by University of Leicester's Jupiter 'forecast'

26.05.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>