The mud volcano, dubbed LUSI, has been continuously erupting since May 2006, when water, steam and gas at 100 degrees broke through the surface in the village of Sidoarjo in East Java. Approximately 50,000 cubic metres of toxic mud are deposited every day, with mud flows spreading over 7.0 square kilometres. The result has so far been the displacement of around 30,000 people, and damage costing nearly 11 million Rupiah.
Experts are divided over the cause of the eruption, and whether it may have been a man made disaster. The eruption began just 150 metres away from the head of a hydrocarbon exploration well, and early reports favoured the theory that the nearby drilling activity may have triggered the eruption.
Others support the idea that an earthquake of magnitude 6.3, which hit the south coast of Java just two days before the LUSI eruption began, cannot be mere coincidence. Killing more people than the eruption – over 6200 – and displacing 1.5 million, the earthquake is regarded by some as a likely trigger for the mud volcano’s eruption.
Advocates of both sides of the debate will discuss the issue as part of a two day conference (Note 2) on fluid flow in sedimentary basins, convened by the Geological Society of London’s Petroleum Group. The section of the conference dealing with LUSI will take place from 1700 – 1920 on Tuesday October 21. A news conference featuring speakers from that session will be held at the Geological Society at 1100 on Monday October 20.
The programme for the conference will be:•1700 Michael Manga (University of California, Berkeley) Did an earthquake trigger the eruption of the Lusi mud volcano?
•1840 Adriano Mazzini (University of Oslo) Keynote: Causes and triggers of the Lusi mud volcano, Indonesia
1. The Geological Society of London, founded 1807, is a learned and professional body, of almost 10,000 Earth scientists with a remit to investigate, interpret, discuss, inform and advise on the nature and processes of the Earth, their practical importance to humanity, and, in the interests of the public, to promote professional excellence. The Society offers advice to Parliament and Government, at individual and corporate levels. Registered Charity No. 210161.
2. Subsurface sediment remobilization and fluid flow in sedimentary basins is a two day conference to be held at the Geological Society on 21 – 22 October. For more information, go to http://www.geolsoc.org.uk/gsl/groups/specialist/petroleum/page1322.html3. Speaker contacts: Contact Details:
Sarah Day | alfa
More than 100 years of flooding and erosion in 1 event
28.03.2017 | Geological Society of America
Satellites reveal bird habitat loss in California
28.03.2017 | Duke University
The Institute of Semiconductor Technology and the Institute of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, both members of the Laboratory for Emerging Nanometrology (LENA), at Technische Universität Braunschweig are partners in a new European research project entitled ChipScope, which aims to develop a completely new and extremely small optical microscope capable of observing the interior of living cells in real time. A consortium of 7 partners from 5 countries will tackle this issue with very ambitious objectives during a four-year research program.
To demonstrate the usefulness of this new scientific tool, at the end of the project the developed chip-sized microscope will be used to observe in real-time...
Astronomers from Bonn and Tautenburg in Thuringia (Germany) used the 100-m radio telescope at Effelsberg to observe several galaxy clusters. At the edges of these large accumulations of dark matter, stellar systems (galaxies), hot gas, and charged particles, they found magnetic fields that are exceptionally ordered over distances of many million light years. This makes them the most extended magnetic fields in the universe known so far.
The results will be published on March 22 in the journal „Astronomy & Astrophysics“.
Galaxy clusters are the largest gravitationally bound structures in the universe. With a typical extent of about 10 million light years, i.e. 100 times the...
Researchers at the Goethe University Frankfurt, together with partners from the University of Tübingen in Germany and Queen Mary University as well as Francis Crick Institute from London (UK) have developed a novel technology to decipher the secret ubiquitin code.
Ubiquitin is a small protein that can be linked to other cellular proteins, thereby controlling and modulating their functions. The attachment occurs in many...
In the eternal search for next generation high-efficiency solar cells and LEDs, scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory and their partners are creating...
Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are less stable. Now researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have, for the first time ever, produced a composite material combining silicon nanosheets and a polymer that is both UV-resistant and easy to process. This brings the scientists a significant step closer to industrial applications like flexible displays and photosensors.
Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are...
20.03.2017 | Event News
14.03.2017 | Event News
07.03.2017 | Event News
28.03.2017 | Life Sciences
28.03.2017 | Information Technology
28.03.2017 | Physics and Astronomy