Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Does media coverage increase the probability of receiving disaster relief?

02.02.2006


Does media influence the allocation of disaster relief? Thomas Eisensee answers this question in his dissertation at The Institute for International Economic Studies, Stockholm University.



Each year, around 150 natural disasters occur taking about 63,000 lives and affecting 125 million people.

- Given the huge losses involved, it is essential that disaster relief is provided to those most in need. It is crucial to understand whether media has a causal effect on the decision to provide government relief to these disasters, says Thomas Eisensee.


Thomas Eisensee and his co-author, David Strömberg study how television news affected the allocation of U.S. government relief to natural disasters in developing countries over the period 1968-2002.

It is a difficult task to identify the effect of mass media on disaster relief, since media coverage of disasters and the decision to provide relief may be driven by the same factors (e.g. severity). However, the researchers solve this problem by using the occurrence of other news events at the time of the disaster, such as the Olympics or the O.J. Simpson trial. These events are obviously unrelated to disaster victims’ need for relief, but affect the media’s decision to cover disasters. This allows them to establish a causal link between media coverage and disaster relief.

They show that a disaster occurring during the Olympics requires three times as many killed as a disaster on an ordinary day to have the same chance of receiving relief. Moreover, disasters that occur when large news events take place, such as the O.J. Simpson trial, must have six times as many killed as disasters that occur during periods of news drought.

- The reason is that when there is plenty of breaking news around, news stories on disasters in developing countries are crowded out from the news programs. This, in turn, reduces the probability that the U.S. government provides relief, says Thomas Eisensee.

Thomas’ dissertation also includes two essays on fiscal policy and retirement behavior.

Agneta Paulsson | alfa
Further information:
http://www.eks.su.se

More articles from Communications Media:

nachricht Between filter bubbles, uneven visibility and transnationality
06.12.2017 | Schweizerischer Nationalfonds SNF

nachricht New Technologies for A/V Analysis and Search
13.04.2017 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Digitale Medientechnologie IDMT

All articles from Communications Media >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Long-lived storage of a photonic qubit for worldwide teleportation

MPQ scientists achieve long storage times for photonic quantum bits which break the lower bound for direct teleportation in a global quantum network.

Concerning the development of quantum memories for the realization of global quantum networks, scientists of the Quantum Dynamics Division led by Professor...

Im Focus: Electromagnetic water cloak eliminates drag and wake

Detailed calculations show water cloaks are feasible with today's technology

Researchers have developed a water cloaking concept based on electromagnetic forces that could eliminate an object's wake, greatly reducing its drag while...

Im Focus: Scientists channel graphene to understand filtration and ion transport into cells

Tiny pores at a cell's entryway act as miniature bouncers, letting in some electrically charged atoms--ions--but blocking others. Operating as exquisitely sensitive filters, these "ion channels" play a critical role in biological functions such as muscle contraction and the firing of brain cells.

To rapidly transport the right ions through the cell membrane, the tiny channels rely on a complex interplay between the ions and surrounding molecules,...

Im Focus: Towards data storage at the single molecule level

The miniaturization of the current technology of storage media is hindered by fundamental limits of quantum mechanics. A new approach consists in using so-called spin-crossover molecules as the smallest possible storage unit. Similar to normal hard drives, these special molecules can save information via their magnetic state. A research team from Kiel University has now managed to successfully place a new class of spin-crossover molecules onto a surface and to improve the molecule’s storage capacity. The storage density of conventional hard drives could therefore theoretically be increased by more than one hundred fold. The study has been published in the scientific journal Nano Letters.

Over the past few years, the building blocks of storage media have gotten ever smaller. But further miniaturization of the current technology is hindered by...

Im Focus: Successful Mechanical Testing of Nanowires

With innovative experiments, researchers at the Helmholtz-Zentrums Geesthacht and the Technical University Hamburg unravel why tiny metallic structures are extremely strong

Light-weight and simultaneously strong – porous metallic nanomaterials promise interesting applications as, for instance, for future aeroplanes with enhanced...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

See, understand and experience the work of the future

11.12.2017 | Event News

Innovative strategies to tackle parasitic worms

08.12.2017 | Event News

AKL’18: The opportunities and challenges of digitalization in the laser industry

07.12.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Plasmonic biosensors enable development of new easy-to-use health tests

14.12.2017 | Health and Medicine

New type of smart windows use liquid to switch from clear to reflective

14.12.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

BigH1 -- The key histone for male fertility

14.12.2017 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>