The European Physical Society, founded in 1968, represents the community of European physicists, playing an important role in their scientific and policy activities. The Quantum Electronics and Optics Division (QEOD) of the EPS recognizes with this biannual award “the very highest level of achievements in fundamental research in optical physics.”
Immanuel Bloch began his studies in physics at the Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität in Bonn where he received his diploma in 1996. After having spent one year of research at Stanford University he joined the Laser Spectroscopy Division of Professor Theodor W. Hänsch (MPQ and LMU). In 2000 he obtained his doctoral degree from LMU. He continued his research in the Hänsch group until he became appointed as Professor the Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz. Since 2008 he has been Director at the MPQ and leader of the Quantum Many Body Systems Division and since 2009 chair of quantum optocs at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität.His main research topic is the investigation of ultracold quantum gases in artificial crystals of light, so-called optical lattices. These systems can be used e.g. as models for solid states helping to gain a deeper understanding of conductivity or superconductivity. They are as well suited for storing and processing quantum information. One of his recent achievements was the experimental demonstration of perfectly controlled manipulation and addressing of single atoms in such a lattice, putting the atoms into any possible pattern.
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Using ultrafast flashes of laser and x-ray radiation, scientists at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (Garching, Germany) took snapshots of the briefest electron motion inside a solid material to date. The electron motion lasted only 750 billionths of the billionth of a second before it fainted, setting a new record of human capability to capture ultrafast processes inside solids!
When x-rays shine onto solid materials or large molecules, an electron is pushed away from its original place near the nucleus of the atom, leaving a hole...
For the first time, physicists have successfully imaged spiral magnetic ordering in a multiferroic material. These materials are considered highly promising candidates for future data storage media. The researchers were able to prove their findings using unique quantum sensors that were developed at Basel University and that can analyze electromagnetic fields on the nanometer scale. The results – obtained by scientists from the University of Basel’s Department of Physics, the Swiss Nanoscience Institute, the University of Montpellier and several laboratories from University Paris-Saclay – were recently published in the journal Nature.
Multiferroics are materials that simultaneously react to electric and magnetic fields. These two properties are rarely found together, and their combined...
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Scientists from the MPI for Chemical Energy Conversion report in the first issue of the new journal JOULE.
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