Professor Michael Bader and Professor Thomas Willnow have been awarded grants of a total of EUR 150,000 each over the next three years from the new funding program “Helmholtz International Research Groups”. The grants will be matched with the same amount from the respective cooperating countries.
Combating severe obesity is the goal of the joint research project of Professor Bader, Dr. Natalia Alenina (both MDC) and Professor João B. Pesquero (Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Brazil). To date, there has been no long-lasting, effective treatment for this serious health problem affecting 250 million people worldwide. As potential target for treatment, the researchers are currently focusing on the hormones of the tissue kallikrein-kinin system, which play an important role in muscle contraction, blood pressure regulation, blood clotting and pain sensation.
The Brazilian and German scientists recently showed that one of two receptors that transmit the effects of the tissue hormones is involved in the regulation of the hormone leptin that suppresses appetite. They showed that mice lacking the receptor B1 did not become fat despite a high-fat diet.
Increasingly, disorders of the metabolism are considered to be risk factors for neurodegenerative diseases. However, the molecular mechanisms that control metabolism and brain function and link them with each other are not adequately understood. The research group of Professor Willnow at the MDC has now identified a unique class of signaling receptors – the VPS10P receptors – that are involved both in neuronal survival processes in the brain (Alzheimer’s disease, frontotemporal lobar degeneration, bipolar disorder) and in the control of glucose and lipoprotein homeostasis in metabolic tissues (type 2 diabetes, atherosclerosis, hypercholesterolemia).
To better understand the function of VPS10P receptors in metabolism and in the brain, cardiovascular researchers at the MDC and neuroscientists of the MIND Center of Aarhus University (Denmark) are building up a new research program within the framework of the Helmholtz International Research Group “Metabolism and Neurodegeneration”. The coordinator is Dr. Vanessa Schmidt from the research group of Professor Willnow. She works closely with Dr. Mads Kjolby (research group of Prof. Anders Nykjaer, MIND, Lundbeck Foundation, Aarhus University, Denmark). The aim is to gain insights into the signaling crosstalk between the brain and peripheral tissues and to elucidate disease pathways common to metabolic disturbances and dementia.Contact:
The quest for the oldest ice on Earth
14.11.2016 | Alfred-Wegener-Institut, Helmholtz-Zentrum für Polar- und Meeresforschung
Empa Innovation Award for new flame retardant
09.11.2016 | Empa - Eidgenössische Materialprüfungs- und Forschungsanstalt
A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.
Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...
In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.
“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...
The Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPP) is opening up a new research field. A workshop from November 21 - 22, 2016 will mark the start of activities for an innovative axion experiment. Axions are still only purely hypothetical particles. Their detection could solve two fundamental problems in particle physics: What dark matter consists of and why it has not yet been possible to directly observe a CP violation for the strong interaction.
The “MADMAX” project is the MPP’s commitment to axion research. Axions are so far only a theoretical prediction and are difficult to detect: on the one hand,...
Broadband rotational spectroscopy unravels structural reshaping of isolated molecules in the gas phase to accommodate water
In two recent publications in the Journal of Chemical Physics and in the Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, researchers around Melanie Schnell from the Max...
The efficiency of power electronic systems is not solely dependent on electrical efficiency but also on weight, for example, in mobile systems. When the weight of relevant components and devices in airplanes, for instance, is reduced, fuel savings can be achieved and correspondingly greenhouse gas emissions decreased. New materials and components based on gallium nitride (GaN) can help to reduce weight and increase the efficiency. With these new materials, power electronic switches can be operated at higher switching frequency, resulting in higher power density and lower material costs.
Researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE together with partners have investigated how these materials can be used to make power...
16.11.2016 | Event News
01.11.2016 | Event News
14.10.2016 | Event News
02.12.2016 | Medical Engineering
02.12.2016 | Agricultural and Forestry Science
02.12.2016 | Physics and Astronomy