Professor Michael Bader and Professor Thomas Willnow have been awarded grants of a total of EUR 150,000 each over the next three years from the new funding program “Helmholtz International Research Groups”. The grants will be matched with the same amount from the respective cooperating countries.
Combating severe obesity is the goal of the joint research project of Professor Bader, Dr. Natalia Alenina (both MDC) and Professor João B. Pesquero (Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Brazil). To date, there has been no long-lasting, effective treatment for this serious health problem affecting 250 million people worldwide. As potential target for treatment, the researchers are currently focusing on the hormones of the tissue kallikrein-kinin system, which play an important role in muscle contraction, blood pressure regulation, blood clotting and pain sensation.
The Brazilian and German scientists recently showed that one of two receptors that transmit the effects of the tissue hormones is involved in the regulation of the hormone leptin that suppresses appetite. They showed that mice lacking the receptor B1 did not become fat despite a high-fat diet.
Increasingly, disorders of the metabolism are considered to be risk factors for neurodegenerative diseases. However, the molecular mechanisms that control metabolism and brain function and link them with each other are not adequately understood. The research group of Professor Willnow at the MDC has now identified a unique class of signaling receptors – the VPS10P receptors – that are involved both in neuronal survival processes in the brain (Alzheimer’s disease, frontotemporal lobar degeneration, bipolar disorder) and in the control of glucose and lipoprotein homeostasis in metabolic tissues (type 2 diabetes, atherosclerosis, hypercholesterolemia).
To better understand the function of VPS10P receptors in metabolism and in the brain, cardiovascular researchers at the MDC and neuroscientists of the MIND Center of Aarhus University (Denmark) are building up a new research program within the framework of the Helmholtz International Research Group “Metabolism and Neurodegeneration”. The coordinator is Dr. Vanessa Schmidt from the research group of Professor Willnow. She works closely with Dr. Mads Kjolby (research group of Prof. Anders Nykjaer, MIND, Lundbeck Foundation, Aarhus University, Denmark). The aim is to gain insights into the signaling crosstalk between the brain and peripheral tissues and to elucidate disease pathways common to metabolic disturbances and dementia.Contact:
IVAM Marketing Prize recognizes convincing technology marketing for the tenth time
22.08.2017 | IVAM Fachverband für Mikrotechnik
RNA: a vicious pathway to cancer ?
14.08.2017 | Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main
Whether you call it effervescent, fizzy, or sparkling, carbonated water is making a comeback as a beverage. Aside from quenching thirst, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have discovered a new use for these "bubbly" concoctions that will have major impact on the manufacturer of the world's thinnest, flattest, and one most useful materials -- graphene.
As graphene's popularity grows as an advanced "wonder" material, the speed and quality at which it can be manufactured will be paramount. With that in mind,...
Physicists at the University of Bonn have managed to create optical hollows and more complex patterns into which the light of a Bose-Einstein condensate flows. The creation of such highly low-loss structures for light is a prerequisite for complex light circuits, such as for quantum information processing for a new generation of computers. The researchers are now presenting their results in the journal Nature Photonics.
Light particles (photons) occur as tiny, indivisible portions. Many thousands of these light portions can be merged to form a single super-photon if they are...
For the first time, scientists have shown that circular RNA is linked to brain function. When a RNA molecule called Cdr1as was deleted from the genome of mice, the animals had problems filtering out unnecessary information – like patients suffering from neuropsychiatric disorders.
While hundreds of circular RNAs (circRNAs) are abundant in mammalian brains, one big question has remained unanswered: What are they actually good for? In the...
An experimental small satellite has successfully collected and delivered data on a key measurement for predicting changes in Earth's climate.
The Radiometer Assessment using Vertically Aligned Nanotubes (RAVAN) CubeSat was launched into low-Earth orbit on Nov. 11, 2016, in order to test new...
A study led by scientists of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg presents evidence of the coexistence of superconductivity and “charge-density-waves” in compounds of the poorly-studied family of bismuthates. This observation opens up new perspectives for a deeper understanding of the phenomenon of high-temperature superconductivity, a topic which is at the core of condensed matter research since more than 30 years. The paper by Nicoletti et al has been published in the PNAS.
Since the beginning of the 20th century, superconductivity had been observed in some metals at temperatures only a few degrees above the absolute zero (minus...
16.08.2017 | Event News
04.08.2017 | Event News
26.07.2017 | Event News
23.08.2017 | Life Sciences
23.08.2017 | Life Sciences
23.08.2017 | Physics and Astronomy