Dr. Pikarsky of the department of immunology and cancer research at the Institute for Medical Research Israel Canada (IMRIC) in the Faculty of Medicine was nominated for insights gained from his work in complex mouse models, into the development of human diseases. According to the Sir Zelman Cowen Universities Fund, "His work has yielded new understanding of the determinants of malignancy in testicular cancer; of the impact of inflammation on the progress of liver cancer and the regulation of liver regeneration, important in all conditions which damage liver function."
Prof. Ben-Yehuda of the department of microbiology and molecular genetics at the Institute for Medical Research Israel Canada (IMRIC) in the Faculty of Medicine was nominated for her contributions to our understanding of the biology of bacteria. Her discoveries, which include the demonstration of a previously unknown ‘nanotube’ form of communication between cells, are also fundamental for understanding the mechanisms of bacterial resistance to antibiotics. In a statement, the Sir Zelman Cowen Universities Fund said that "this gives her work great importance for the treatment of infections caused by the growing number of resistant bacteria."
This is the first time the award has been shared between two nominees. The prize committee noted the impressive contributions both scientists have made to our understanding of complex and difficult diseases – cancer, and antibiotic-resistant infections. 'Their discoveries are impressive examples of how well-targeted research can tackle serious medical challenges," said Prof. Jonathan Stone, managing trustee of the Fund.
Prize medals, crafted by renowned Melbourne sculptor, Michael Meszaros, and the cash award of $10,000 will be presented to the scientists at a ceremony to be held during the annual meeting of the Hebrew University board of Governors in June 2011.
The Sir Zelman Cowen Universities Fund Prize For Discovery in Medical Research was first awarded in 2006 and recognizes discovery in medical research, by researchers under 45 years of age, which makes a major contribution to the understanding or treatment of disease. The prize is awarded in alternate years at the University of Sydney and at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. It is one of a number of Fund initiatives aiming to support medical research at the University of Sydney and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and to promote cooperative work between the two institutions.For further information:
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Plants and algae use the enzyme Rubisco to fix carbon dioxide, removing it from the atmosphere and converting it into biomass. Algae have figured out a way to increase the efficiency of carbon fixation. They gather most of their Rubisco into a ball-shaped microcompartment called the pyrenoid, which they flood with a high local concentration of carbon dioxide. A team of scientists at Princeton University, the Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford University and the Max Plank Institute of Biochemistry have unravelled the mysteries of how the pyrenoid is assembled. These insights can help to engineer crops that remove more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere while producing more food.
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Our brains house extremely complex neuronal circuits, whose detailed structures are still largely unknown. This is especially true for the so-called cerebral cortex of mammals, where among other things vision, thoughts or spatial orientation are being computed. Here the rules by which nerve cells are connected to each other are only partly understood. A team of scientists around Moritz Helmstaedter at the Frankfiurt Max Planck Institute for Brain Research and Helene Schmidt (Humboldt University in Berlin) have now discovered a surprisingly precise nerve cell connectivity pattern in the part of the cerebral cortex that is responsible for orienting the individual animal or human in space.
The researchers report online in Nature (Schmidt et al., 2017. Axonal synapse sorting in medial entorhinal cortex, DOI: 10.1038/nature24005) that synapses in...
Whispering gallery mode (WGM) resonators are used to make tiny micro-lasers, sensors, switches, routers and other devices. These tiny structures rely on a...
Using ultrafast flashes of laser and x-ray radiation, scientists at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (Garching, Germany) took snapshots of the briefest electron motion inside a solid material to date. The electron motion lasted only 750 billionths of the billionth of a second before it fainted, setting a new record of human capability to capture ultrafast processes inside solids!
When x-rays shine onto solid materials or large molecules, an electron is pushed away from its original place near the nucleus of the atom, leaving a hole...
For the first time, physicists have successfully imaged spiral magnetic ordering in a multiferroic material. These materials are considered highly promising candidates for future data storage media. The researchers were able to prove their findings using unique quantum sensors that were developed at Basel University and that can analyze electromagnetic fields on the nanometer scale. The results – obtained by scientists from the University of Basel’s Department of Physics, the Swiss Nanoscience Institute, the University of Montpellier and several laboratories from University Paris-Saclay – were recently published in the journal Nature.
Multiferroics are materials that simultaneously react to electric and magnetic fields. These two properties are rarely found together, and their combined...
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