The transfer of knowledge on pharmacological neuroenhancement has become the focus of a new interdisciplinary research group at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU).
Within the joint project "Pharmacological Neuroenhancement – Between Predictable Knowledge Transfer and Unintended Consequences" funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research, Professor Klaus Lieb and Dr. Dr. Andreas G. Franke of the Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Professor Oliver Quiring of the Institute of Media and Communication Studies, and PD Dr. Elisabeth Hildt of the Department of Philosophy will be together exploring the complex transfer and exchange processes that occur between researchers, physicians, journalists, and the general public. Why do certain research findings reach the general population while others do not? Where do users get information about legal and prohibited substances? What role do physicians play when it comes to brain doping? And what influence do the media have? The aim of the Mainz-based academics is to systematically study knowledge transfer for the first time and analyze it in terms of its social impact. The project will run for a period of three years.
The rapid progress in modern neurotechnologies opens new and far-reaching opportunities for physicians to regulate and alter cerebral processes. The question of whether and to what extent drugs originally developed to treat diseases can and should also be used to improve the mental performance of healthy people has become a controversial subject. The so-called 'pharmacological neuroenhancers' have an enormous potential with regard to social impact and the commercial benefits for their manufacturers, but their availability has also generated new ethical, legal, and social concerns, one of the reasons being that the risks and effects associated with the use of these substances by healthy people are completely unknown.
Most of the substances used, such as methylphenidate (Ritalin®), amphetamines, and modafinil, are relatively easy to take and are apparently already being employed within certain social groups. As their clinical efficacy and undesirable effects together with the social and ethical implications are still unclear, communication of the scientific findings is particularly important from a social perspective.Further information:
Petra Giegerich | idw
Tracking down pest control strategies
31.01.2018 | Technische Universität Dresden
Polymers and Fuels from Renewable Resources
29.01.2018 | DECHEMA Gesellschaft für Chemische Technik und Biotechnologie e.V.
A newly developed laser technology has enabled physicists in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics (jointly run by LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics) to generate attosecond bursts of high-energy photons of unprecedented intensity. This has made it possible to observe the interaction of multiple photons in a single such pulse with electrons in the inner orbital shell of an atom.
In order to observe the ultrafast electron motion in the inner shells of atoms with short light pulses, the pulses must not only be ultrashort, but very...
A group of researchers led by Andrea Cavalleri at the Max Planck Institute for Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) in Hamburg has demonstrated a new method enabling precise measurements of the interatomic forces that hold crystalline solids together. The paper Probing the Interatomic Potential of Solids by Strong-Field Nonlinear Phononics, published online in Nature, explains how a terahertz-frequency laser pulse can drive very large deformations of the crystal.
By measuring the highly unusual atomic trajectories under extreme electromagnetic transients, the MPSD group could reconstruct how rigid the atomic bonds are...
Quantum computers may one day solve algorithmic problems which even the biggest supercomputers today can’t manage. But how do you test a quantum computer to...
For the first time, a team of researchers at the Max-Planck Institute (MPI) for Polymer Research in Mainz, Germany, has succeeded in making an integrated circuit (IC) from just a monolayer of a semiconducting polymer via a bottom-up, self-assembly approach.
In the self-assembly process, the semiconducting polymer arranges itself into an ordered monolayer in a transistor. The transistors are binary switches used...
Breakthrough provides a new concept of the design of molecular motors, sensors and electricity generators at nanoscale
Researchers from the Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry of the CAS (IOCB Prague), Institute of Physics of the CAS (IP CAS) and Palacký University...
15.02.2018 | Event News
13.02.2018 | Event News
12.02.2018 | Event News
23.02.2018 | Physics and Astronomy
23.02.2018 | Health and Medicine
23.02.2018 | Physics and Astronomy