THE 2013 BALZAN PRIZEWINNERS
750,000 Swiss Francs (approx. EUR 610,000; USD 800,000; GBP 515,000) for each of the four subjects. Half of the amount must be destined by the winners to research projects
The names of the 2013 Balzan Prizewinners were proclaimed today in a public announcement:
Pascale Cossart (France), Institut Pasteur, Paris, for Infectious diseases: basic and clinical aspects
André Vauchez (France), Université de Paris Ouest Nanterre, for Medieval History Manuel Castells (Spain), University of Southern California (USA), for Sociology Alain Aspect (France), École Polytechnique, Palaiseau, for Quantum Information Processing and Communication.
The Balzan Prizewinners 2013 were announced today in Milan by the Chairman of the Balzan General Prize Committee, Salvatore Veca, together with the President of the Balzan "Prize" Foundation, Ambassador Bruno Bottai, at the Corriere della Sera Foundation.
The profiles of the winners and the citations (the Prizes will be presented during the award ceremony to be held in Bern on November 15) were presented by four prestigious members of the General Prize Committee:
Peter Suter (Honorary Professor of Medicine at the University of Geneva; Vice-President of the Swiss Academy of Medical Sciences) read the citation for the assignment of the Prize for Infectious diseases: basic and clinical aspects to Pascale Cossart:
"For her seminal discoveries on the molecular biology of pathogenic bacteria and their interaction with host cells. Her research has provided very significant insights into the mechanisms underlying infectious diseases and how they might be combatted".
Karlheinz Stierle (Professor Emeritus of Romance Literature at the University of Constance; Member of the Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften; Foreign Fellow of the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, Rome) read the citation for the assignment of the Prize for Medieval History to André Vauchez:
"For his groundbreaking studies on medieval spirituality in Western Christianity and its central role in everyday life in the Middle Ages, for his studies on the medieval conception of holiness and on the sacralization of space and time, for his contributions to research on monastic and women's piety, for his all-encompassing knowledge and masterly presentation of the life, work and influence of St. Francis of Assisi".
Dominique Schnapper (Research Director at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, Paris; Honorary Member of the French Conseil Constitutionnel) read the citation for the assignment of the Prize for Sociology to Manuel Castells:
"For his wide-ranging and imaginative thinking through of the implications of the great technological changes of our time: the digital revolution and the profound social and political challenges brought about by the emerging technologies of communication and information processing associated with computing, microelectronics and the internet. And for having proposed a general theory of the new global information society that has arisen out of these techniques".
Luciano Maiani (Professor of Theoretical Physics at the University La Sapienza, Rome; Fellow of the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, Rome, and of the Accademia Nazionale delle Scienze detta dei XL, Rome) read the citation for the assignment of the Prize for Quantum Information Processing and Communication to Alain Aspect:
"For his pioneering experiments which led to a striking confirmation of Quantum Mechanics as opposed to local hidden-variable theories. His work opened the way to the experimental control of entangled quantum states, the essential element of Quantum Information Processing".The President of the General Prize Committee, Professor Salvatore Veca, announced that the 2014 Balzan Prizes will be awarded in the following fields:
In 2014 will be awarded the Prize for Humanity, Peace and Fraternity Among Peoples, with an amount of 1,000,000 Swiss Francs.
The award fields vary each year and can be related to either a specific or an interdisciplinary field, and look to go beyond the traditional subjects both in the humanities (literature, the moral sciences and the arts) and in the sciences (medicine and the physical, mathematical and natural sciences), so as to give priority to innovative research.
Half of the amount received by the winner of each of the four prizes must be destined to research work, preferably involving young scholars and researchers.
The public announcement, under the auspices of the City of Milan, was followed by a lecture by Quentin Skinner, 2006 Balzan Prizewinner for Political Thought (History and Theory), entitled "How should we think about freedom?".
The International Balzan Foundation, founded in 1957, operates through two separate institutions. The International Balzan Foundation - "Prize" (chaired in Milan by Ambassador Bruno Bottai) selects the subjects to be awarded and the candidates through its General Prize Committee. The Balzan Foundation "Fund" (chaired in Zurich by Achille Casanova) administers the estate left by Eugenio Balzan, so as to place at the disposal of the International Balzan Foundation "Prize" the necessary financial means to realize its objective.
Further information and pictures of the Prizewinners are available on www.balzan.orgPress contact USA / CANADA / UK Susannah Gold:
Judith Sandberger | PR&D
Tracking down the origins of gold
08.11.2017 | Heidelberger Institut für Theoretische Studien gGmbH
Lasagni awarded with Materials Science and Technology Prize 2017
09.10.2017 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Werkstoff- und Strahltechnik IWS
The formation of stars in distant galaxies is still largely unexplored. For the first time, astron-omers at the University of Geneva have now been able to closely observe a star system six billion light-years away. In doing so, they are confirming earlier simulations made by the University of Zurich. One special effect is made possible by the multiple reflections of images that run through the cosmos like a snake.
Today, astronomers have a pretty accurate idea of how stars were formed in the recent cosmic past. But do these laws also apply to older galaxies? For around a...
Just because someone is smart and well-motivated doesn't mean he or she can learn the visual skills needed to excel at tasks like matching fingerprints, interpreting medical X-rays, keeping track of aircraft on radar displays or forensic face matching.
That is the implication of a new study which shows for the first time that there is a broad range of differences in people's visual ability and that these...
Computer Tomography (CT) is a standard procedure in hospitals, but so far, the technology has not been suitable for imaging extremely small objects. In PNAS, a team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) describes a Nano-CT device that creates three-dimensional x-ray images at resolutions up to 100 nanometers. The first test application: Together with colleagues from the University of Kassel and Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht the researchers analyzed the locomotory system of a velvet worm.
During a CT analysis, the object under investigation is x-rayed and a detector measures the respective amount of radiation absorbed from various angles....
The quantum world is fragile; error correction codes are needed to protect the information stored in a quantum object from the deteriorating effects of noise. Quantum physicists in Innsbruck have developed a protocol to pass quantum information between differently encoded building blocks of a future quantum computer, such as processors and memories. Scientists may use this protocol in the future to build a data bus for quantum computers. The researchers have published their work in the journal Nature Communications.
Future quantum computers will be able to solve problems where conventional computers fail today. We are still far away from any large-scale implementation,...
Pillared graphene would transfer heat better if the theoretical material had a few asymmetric junctions that caused wrinkles, according to Rice University...
15.11.2017 | Event News
15.11.2017 | Event News
30.10.2017 | Event News
17.11.2017 | Physics and Astronomy
17.11.2017 | Health and Medicine
17.11.2017 | Studies and Analyses