The award is endowed with 40 000 euros and goes to the MDC, the institution where the research was carried out. The Young Scientist Award went to Dr. Vera Beyer, Free University of Berlin. Both awards were presented during the opening ceremony of Science Year 2010 in the Berlin Concert House.
Nikolaus Rajewsky is Professor of systems biology at the MDC and the Charité in Berlin-Buch, and head of the Berlin Institute for Medical Systems Biology (BIMSB) of the MDC. Since 2008, he is also a Global Distinguished Professor of Biology at New York University.
His current research focus, systems biology, combines a wide spectrum of disciplines such as molecular biology, biochemistry, mathematics and physics. Systems biology investigates biological processes and their interaction in cells, tissues and organisms on the basis of experimental as well as statistical and mathematical approaches with the aim of understanding and predicting life's complex processes in quantitative terms.
In this context Professor Rajewsky is investigating the function of microRNAs, small molecules that are composed of ribonucleic acid (RNA). He has been able to show that a single microRNA can control the formation of hundreds of different proteins and has thus confirmed that microRNAs regulate almost all important life processes in cells and organisms.
For this reason, microRNAs are also of great importance for biomedical research, since with their help disease-specific processes can be elucidated and potentially treated in the future.
Professor Rajewsky has also made important contributions regarding the function of microRNAs for metabolism, the immune system and embryonic development. In 2009 alone, his works were cited over 1,300 times in international journals - which in the scientific community indicates research of fundamental importance and highest quality.
It will be expanded in the coming years and relocated to a new building on the new 'Life Science Campus' of Humboldt University (HU) in central Berlin, and will collaborate closely with the university- and non-university institutions in Berlin.
Cooperation partners of the BIMSB are - aside from the Charité - the HU, the Free University (FU) and the Technical University (TU), the Leibniz Institute of Molecular Pharmacology (FMP) in Berlin-Buch, the MATHEON, the German Rheumatism Research Center as well as institutes of the Max Planck Society and the Helmholtz Association.
Furthermore, in close collaboration with New York University, the BIMSB has created an international joint education and training program for PhD students. This collaboration strengthens modern interdisciplinary scientific training as well as health research and biotechnology in Berlin and complement existing capacities.
The Science Award of the Governing Mayor of Berlin was awarded for the first time in 2008 and went to the mathematician Professor Martin Grötschel of the TU Berlin and the Zuse Institute Berlin (ZIB).Barbara Bachtler
Barbara Bachtler | idw
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The WHO reports an estimated 429,000 malaria deaths each year. The disease mostly affects tropical and subtropical regions and in particular the African continent. The Fraunhofer Institute for Silicate Research ISC teamed up with the Fraunhofer Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology IME and the Institute of Tropical Medicine at the University of Tübingen for a new test method to detect malaria parasites in blood. The idea of the research project “NanoFRET” is to develop a highly sensitive and reliable rapid diagnostic test so that patient treatment can begin as early as possible.
Malaria is caused by parasites transmitted by mosquito bite. The most dangerous form of malaria is malaria tropica. Left untreated, it is fatal in most cases....
The formation of stars in distant galaxies is still largely unexplored. For the first time, astron-omers at the University of Geneva have now been able to closely observe a star system six billion light-years away. In doing so, they are confirming earlier simulations made by the University of Zurich. One special effect is made possible by the multiple reflections of images that run through the cosmos like a snake.
Today, astronomers have a pretty accurate idea of how stars were formed in the recent cosmic past. But do these laws also apply to older galaxies? For around a...
Just because someone is smart and well-motivated doesn't mean he or she can learn the visual skills needed to excel at tasks like matching fingerprints, interpreting medical X-rays, keeping track of aircraft on radar displays or forensic face matching.
That is the implication of a new study which shows for the first time that there is a broad range of differences in people's visual ability and that these...
Computer Tomography (CT) is a standard procedure in hospitals, but so far, the technology has not been suitable for imaging extremely small objects. In PNAS, a team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) describes a Nano-CT device that creates three-dimensional x-ray images at resolutions up to 100 nanometers. The first test application: Together with colleagues from the University of Kassel and Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht the researchers analyzed the locomotory system of a velvet worm.
During a CT analysis, the object under investigation is x-rayed and a detector measures the respective amount of radiation absorbed from various angles....
The quantum world is fragile; error correction codes are needed to protect the information stored in a quantum object from the deteriorating effects of noise. Quantum physicists in Innsbruck have developed a protocol to pass quantum information between differently encoded building blocks of a future quantum computer, such as processors and memories. Scientists may use this protocol in the future to build a data bus for quantum computers. The researchers have published their work in the journal Nature Communications.
Future quantum computers will be able to solve problems where conventional computers fail today. We are still far away from any large-scale implementation,...
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