This distinction is awarded by the American Physical Society (APS) to non-US exceptional scientists.
A permanent senior research scientist with the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (France), Dr. Picqué is currently on long-term leave at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (Garching, near Munich) and the Ludwig Maximilians Universität München, where she works in the Laser Spectroscopy Division of Professor Theodor W. Hänsch.
Dr. Nathalie Picqué was born on December 2, 1973 in France. She obtained her doctoral degree in Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics in 1998 from the Université de Paris-Sud (Orsay, France). She was appointed as a permanent research scientist with the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique in 2000. Starting in 2005, she became a scientific director at the Laboratoire de Photophysique Moléculaire (Orsay, France).
Dr. Picqué's research focus lies in molecular and laser physics, including in particular Fourier transform spectroscopy, laser frequency combs and precision measurements in molecular spectroscopy. She has done much work developing ways to use laser frequency combs in Fourier transform spectroscopy. One of the projects carried out at the MPQ is the combination of cavity enhancement and frequency comb spectroscopy for molecular trace gas analysis.
Dr. Picqué has already received the 2007 Bronze Medal of the CNRS (best young scientist of the year in the field "Optics and Lasers, Atomic and Molecular Physics, Hot Plasmas" in France), and the 2008 Jean Jerphagnon Prize.
The Beller Lectureship Award was endowed by Esther Hoffman Beller for the purpose of bringing distinguished physicists from abroad as invited speakers at APS meetings. The award has been presented to Dr. Nathalie Picqué at the APS March Meeting (Portland, USA). Dr. Picqué is the fourth French recipient of this distinction, after Prof. Serge Haroche in 1996, Prof. Pierre Gilles de Gennes in 2006 and Prof. Michel Dyakonov in 2009. Olivia Meyer-Streng
Dr. Olivia Meyer-Streng | idw
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Among the general public, solar thermal energy is currently associated with dark blue, rectangular collectors on building roofs. Technologies are needed for aesthetically high quality architecture which offer the architect more room for manoeuvre when it comes to low- and plus-energy buildings. With the “ArKol” project, researchers at Fraunhofer ISE together with partners are currently developing two façade collectors for solar thermal energy generation, which permit a high degree of design flexibility: a strip collector for opaque façade sections and a solar thermal blind for transparent sections. The current state of the two developments will be presented at the BAU 2017 trade fair.
As part of the “ArKol – development of architecturally highly integrated façade collectors with heat pipes” project, Fraunhofer ISE together with its partners...
At TU Wien, an alternative for resource intensive formwork for the construction of concrete domes was developed. It is now used in a test dome for the Austrian Federal Railways Infrastructure (ÖBB Infrastruktur).
Concrete shells are efficient structures, but not very resource efficient. The formwork for the construction of concrete domes alone requires a high amount of...
Many pathogens use certain sugar compounds from their host to help conceal themselves against the immune system. Scientists at the University of Bonn have now, in cooperation with researchers at the University of York in the United Kingdom, analyzed the dynamics of a bacterial molecule that is involved in this process. They demonstrate that the protein grabs onto the sugar molecule with a Pac Man-like chewing motion and holds it until it can be used. Their results could help design therapeutics that could make the protein poorer at grabbing and holding and hence compromise the pathogen in the host. The study has now been published in “Biophysical Journal”.
The cells of the mouth, nose and intestinal mucosa produce large quantities of a chemical called sialic acid. Many bacteria possess a special transport system...
UMD, NOAA collaboration demonstrates suitability of in-orbit datasets for weather satellite calibration
"Traffic and weather, together on the hour!" blasts your local radio station, while your smartphone knows the weather halfway across the world. A network of...
Fiber-reinforced plastics (FRP) are frequently used in the aeronautic and automobile industry. However, the repair of workpieces made of these composite materials is often less profitable than exchanging the part. In order to increase the lifetime of FRP parts and to make them more eco-efficient, the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) and the Apodius GmbH want to combine a new measuring device for fiber layer orientation with an innovative laser-based repair process.
Defects in FRP pieces may be production or operation-related. Whether or not repair is cost-effective depends on the geometry of the defective area, the tools...
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16.01.2017 | Power and Electrical Engineering