Yes, we can, according to this dissertation from Göteborg University, which deals with the impact of road tolls on car use, factors that influence attitudes to road tolls, and road tolls in comparison with other types of steering mechanisms targeting automobile use. But you have to have a positive attitude toward cutting down on car use (which people rarely have) and you have to plan how to go about it and regularly monitor your progress in relation to a realistic goal. Otherwise routines and impulsive actions, especially shopping, will prevent any decrease in the mileage you chalk up.
The dissertation brings forward some factors that lie behind the predominantly negative attitude car-owners have toward tolls for road use. The greatest impact is tied to how fair people feel the tolls are: the less fair they are, the less likely people are to favor them. The sense of being deprived of personal freedom also affects people’s attitudes. People are more favorably inclined to other types of steering instruments that are not economic in nature, such as a zone where automobile traffic is banned in central Göteborg or information campaigns targeting the individual driver.
A field study showed that the impact of road tolls on driving habits was minimal. The only drivers who drove less were those households that got together to plan their trips. The fact that people do not drive their cars less even though they might have economic reasons to do so is not simply a matter of not wanting to or not having any alternatives. Many car trips are undertaken as a matter of routine, with no weighing of alternatives, with no conscious choice being made, and this is difficult behavior to change. On top of this there are a substantial number of unplanned trips, that is, trips we don’t normally make and didn’t plan on making. On the average, people make one such trip every day. The dissertation shows that these are primarily shopping trips, giving someone a ride somewhere (especially in families with children) and trips to the doctor, and households maintain that this unplanned driving is the result of unexpected events that are beyond their control.
Cecilia Grevby | alfa
3D scans for the automotive industry
16.01.2017 | Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg
Improvement of the operating range and increasing of the reliability of integrated circuits
09.11.2016 | Technologie Lizenz-Büro (TLB) der Baden-Württembergischen Hochschulen GmbH
An important step towards a completely new experimental access to quantum physics has been made at University of Konstanz. The team of scientists headed by...
Yersiniae cause severe intestinal infections. Studies using Yersinia pseudotuberculosis as a model organism aim to elucidate the infection mechanisms of these...
Researchers from the University of Hamburg in Germany, in collaboration with colleagues from the University of Aarhus in Denmark, have synthesized a new superconducting material by growing a few layers of an antiferromagnetic transition-metal chalcogenide on a bismuth-based topological insulator, both being non-superconducting materials.
While superconductivity and magnetism are generally believed to be mutually exclusive, surprisingly, in this new material, superconducting correlations...
Laser-driving of semimetals allows creating novel quasiparticle states within condensed matter systems and switching between different states on ultrafast time scales
Studying properties of fundamental particles in condensed matter systems is a promising approach to quantum field theory. Quasiparticles offer the opportunity...
Among the general public, solar thermal energy is currently associated with dark blue, rectangular collectors on building roofs. Technologies are needed for aesthetically high quality architecture which offer the architect more room for manoeuvre when it comes to low- and plus-energy buildings. With the “ArKol” project, researchers at Fraunhofer ISE together with partners are currently developing two façade collectors for solar thermal energy generation, which permit a high degree of design flexibility: a strip collector for opaque façade sections and a solar thermal blind for transparent sections. The current state of the two developments will be presented at the BAU 2017 trade fair.
As part of the “ArKol – development of architecturally highly integrated façade collectors with heat pipes” project, Fraunhofer ISE together with its partners...
19.01.2017 | Event News
10.01.2017 | Event News
09.01.2017 | Event News
20.01.2017 | Awards Funding
20.01.2017 | Materials Sciences
20.01.2017 | Life Sciences