Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Development of Natural Gas Vehicles in Malaysia

14.02.2008
Malaysia currently produces 39.8 million tonnes oil equivalent (mtoe) of NG and consumes only 19.5 mtoe. Hence, there is plenty of NG available for automotive use. This CNG/DI Engine and Transmission research project aim to produce a car designed specifically for use with NG.

CNG/DI Engine and Transmission

Researchers: Barkawi Sahari (1), Fakhru’l-Razi Ahmadun (1), Ishak Aris (1), Norman Mariun (1), T. G. Chuah (1) ; Yusoff Ali (2), Shahrir Abdullah (2) ; Masjuki Hj. Hassan (3), Zahari Taha (3) ; Muhamad Adlan Abdullah (4), V. Chelliah (4) ; Mohd. Fauzy Ahmad (5) ; Mohd. Ibrahim Abd. Muthalib (6), Abd. Rashid Aziz (6) ; Md. Nor Musa (7) ; Ku Halim Ku Hamid (8)

(1) Universiti Putra Malaysia
(2) Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
(3) Universiti Malaya
(4) Petronas
(5) Proton
(6) Universiti Teknologi Petronas
(7) Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
(8) Universiti Teknologi Mara
The research and development (R & D) of automotive vehicle has always been influenced by the fuel availability and its form. Studies on the energy demand for the 21st century has been conducted by World Energy Commission shows that for the period of 2005 to 2050, the use of oil will be lower and decreasing compared to the use of Natural Gas (NG).

Malaysia currently produces 39.8 million tonnes oil equivalent (mtoe) of NG and consumes only 19.5 mtoe. Hence, there is plenty of NG available for automotive use. The number of Natural Gas Vehicles (NGV) in Malaysia is still very low with only 15,600 compared with Argentina (1.5 million), Brazil (1.03 million) and Pakistan (850,000).

The NGV’s used in Malaysia are petrol vehicles converted to NGV, that is petrol engine that runs on gas. They are not dedicated for gas. As a result, they have low performance, mileage and torque, and have a poor image since their tank is situated in the boot and reduces the luggage compartment. Except for the Enviro 2000, most NGV’s in Malaysia are bi-fuel vehicles.

To address some of these issues that the CNGDI Engine and Transmission Research Program is carried out by UPM, UM, UKM, PRSS, UTM, UiTM, UTP and PROTON. The program is sponsored by the Malaysian Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation (MOSTI) under the Intensification of Research Priority Areas (IRPA) mechanism. The program used the 1.6 liter CAMPRO as the base engine and the Proton Waja platform as the base platform. The development include the vehicle platform, fuel storage tank, fuel system, ignition system, cylinder head, exhaust, electronic control unit, fuel injectors and the refueling equipment; namely, compressor and dispenser. It is a program with integrated projects. The program started in 2002 and completed in 2006. The end of project report was submitted in March 2007.

The results of the program is a demonstration car that runs on NG. The components being developed are the tank, injectors, fuel systems, electronic control unit, vehicle body platform, cylinder head, piston, catalytic converter, ignition systems, NG compressor and dispenser. The fuel storage is three aluminium liner wound with carbon fibre cylindrical tanks with pressure of 200.0 bar to provide a range of 300.0 km.

A new cylinder head was designed to fit the injectors and fuel rail to the CAMPRO engine block. Long neck spark plugs are used. An Electronic Control Unit included the hardware, software and diagnostic kit was designed and calibrated. To take into account the exhaust emission, a catalytic converter was designed. The vehicle platform was developed to adapt the CNG tanks with the main consideration included safety, tank shape, number and weight, mileage and refueling time and crashworthiness.

For refuelling technology, the compressor and dispenser are also being designed. The performance of the engine is tested in an engine dynamometer and the power produced for most practical range of engine speed compares well with that of the base petrol engine. Therefore, it can be said that the objective of the program has been achieved.

Awards won by this research project include:

1. Gold Medal at ITEX 2006,
2. Henry Goh Special Award for “Best Invention In Environmental Innovation” at ITEX 2006,
3. Gold Medal with Special Mention at EUREKA 2006 and
4. The Association of Polish Inventors Special Prize at EUREKA 2006.
Reader Enquiry
Director,
Institut Teknologi Maju, ITMA,
Universiti Putra Malaysia,
43400 UPM Serdang.
e-mail: barkawi@eng.upm.edu.my
Phone: 603-89467533
Funding information
Malaysian Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation (MOSTI)

Dr Nayan KANWAL, FRSA, ABIM | ResearchSEA
Further information:
http://www.upm.edu.my

More articles from Automotive Engineering:

nachricht Two intelligent vehicles are better than one
04.10.2017 | Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

nachricht The Future of Mobility: tomorrow’s ways of getting from A to B
07.09.2017 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Angewandte Informationstechnik FIT

All articles from Automotive Engineering >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Neutron star merger directly observed for the first time

University of Maryland researchers contribute to historic detection of gravitational waves and light created by event

On August 17, 2017, at 12:41:04 UTC, scientists made the first direct observation of a merger between two neutron stars--the dense, collapsed cores that remain...

Im Focus: Breaking: the first light from two neutron stars merging

Seven new papers describe the first-ever detection of light from a gravitational wave source. The event, caused by two neutron stars colliding and merging together, was dubbed GW170817 because it sent ripples through space-time that reached Earth on 2017 August 17. Around the world, hundreds of excited astronomers mobilized quickly and were able to observe the event using numerous telescopes, providing a wealth of new data.

Previous detections of gravitational waves have all involved the merger of two black holes, a feat that won the 2017 Nobel Prize in Physics earlier this month....

Im Focus: Smart sensors for efficient processes

Material defects in end products can quickly result in failures in many areas of industry, and have a massive impact on the safe use of their products. This is why, in the field of quality assurance, intelligent, nondestructive sensor systems play a key role. They allow testing components and parts in a rapid and cost-efficient manner without destroying the actual product or changing its surface. Experts from the Fraunhofer IZFP in Saarbrücken will be presenting two exhibits at the Blechexpo in Stuttgart from 7–10 November 2017 that allow fast, reliable, and automated characterization of materials and detection of defects (Hall 5, Booth 5306).

When quality testing uses time-consuming destructive test methods, it can result in enormous costs due to damaging or destroying the products. And given that...

Im Focus: Cold molecules on collision course

Using a new cooling technique MPQ scientists succeed at observing collisions in a dense beam of cold and slow dipolar molecules.

How do chemical reactions proceed at extremely low temperatures? The answer requires the investigation of molecular samples that are cold, dense, and slow at...

Im Focus: Shrinking the proton again!

Scientists from the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, using high precision laser spectroscopy of atomic hydrogen, confirm the surprisingly small value of the proton radius determined from muonic hydrogen.

It was one of the breakthroughs of the year 2010: Laser spectroscopy of muonic hydrogen resulted in a value for the proton charge radius that was significantly...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

ASEAN Member States discuss the future role of renewable energy

17.10.2017 | Event News

World Health Summit 2017: International experts set the course for the future of Global Health

10.10.2017 | Event News

Climate Engineering Conference 2017 Opens in Berlin

10.10.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Osaka university researchers make the slipperiest surfaces adhesive

18.10.2017 | Materials Sciences

Space radiation won't stop NASA's human exploration

18.10.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

Los Alamos researchers and supercomputers help interpret the latest LIGO findings

18.10.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>