The project Plug&Play Range Extender is examining how a module made of a small, fuel-efficient combustion engine and an alternator can increase the range of electric cars. In the project PELiKAn (a German acronym for the phrase "Power Electronics in Motor Vehicles and Aeronautics), the aim is to use highly efficient power electronics to improve efficiency in aircraft and motor vehicles. Both projects are receiving support from the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF).
As the electrification of aircraft and motor vehicles gains ground, factors like the efficiency, required installation space, and weight of individual components are playing a crucial role. Power transformers are key components for which ever higher switching frequencies are required. At present, the energy required for the activation of a power switch is lost, which limits the maximum efficiency to 95 percent.
The partners in the PELiKAn project are therefore working to develop compact and reliable voltage transformers with an efficiency of up to 99 percent. The aim is to achieve this level of efficiency with "regenerative drive circuits," which reduce the drive power needed by storing energy in a buffer. Researchers also expect that new types of semiconductor materials, such as silicon carbide, and higher maximum operating temperatures will further reduce the switching losses and forward losses experienced by switches.
Siemens is working on the three-year PELiKAn project with partners Daimler, EADS, Infineon, ZF Electronics, and the Fraunhofer Institute for Integrated Systems. The scientists of the global Siemens research department Corporate Technology are particularly focused on new switching concepts and on regulation and control technologies.
In the project Plug&Play Range Extender, the consortium of FEV, Siemens, Daimler, and the RWTH Aachen University will first define the requirements for a large-scale integrated Range Extender Module. In addition, marketable automotive designs will be drawn up. In a later phase, a vehicle with the Range Extender Module will then be built.
Dr. Norbert Aschenbrenner | Siemens InnovationNews
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Today, plants and microorganisms are heavily used for the production of medicinal products. The production of biopharmaceuticals in plants, also referred to as “Molecular Pharming”, represents a continuously growing field of plant biotechnology. Preferred host organisms include yeast and crop plants, such as maize and potato – plants with high demands. With the help of a special algal strain, the research team of Prof. Ralph Bock at the Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology in Potsdam strives to develop a more efficient and resource-saving system for the production of medicines and vaccines. They tested its practicality by synthesizing a component of a potential AIDS vaccine.
The use of plants and microorganisms to produce pharmaceuticals is nothing new. In 1982, bacteria were genetically modified to produce human insulin, a drug...
Atomic clock experts from the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB) are the first research group in the world to have built an optical single-ion clock which attains an accuracy which had only been predicted theoretically so far. Their optical ytterbium clock achieved a relative systematic measurement uncertainty of 3 E-18. The results have been published in the current issue of the scientific journal "Physical Review Letters".
Atomic clock experts from the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB) are the first research group in the world to have built an optical single-ion clock...
The University of Würzburg has two new space projects in the pipeline which are concerned with the observation of planets and autonomous fault correction aboard satellites. The German Federal Ministry of Economic Affairs and Energy funds the projects with around 1.6 million euros.
Detecting tornadoes that sweep across Mars. Discovering meteors that fall to Earth. Investigating strange lightning that flashes from Earth's atmosphere into...
Physicists from Saarland University and the ESPCI in Paris have shown how liquids on solid surfaces can be made to slide over the surface a bit like a bobsleigh on ice. The key is to apply a coating at the boundary between the liquid and the surface that induces the liquid to slip. This results in an increase in the average flow velocity of the liquid and its throughput. This was demonstrated by studying the behaviour of droplets on surfaces with different coatings as they evolved into the equilibrium state. The results could prove useful in optimizing industrial processes, such as the extrusion of plastics.
The study has been published in the respected academic journal PNAS (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America).
Exceeding critical temperature limits in the Southern Ocean may cause the collapse of ice sheets and a sharp rise in sea levels
A future warming of the Southern Ocean caused by rising greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere may severely disrupt the stability of the West...
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