The project was initiated by the German government and Volkswagen and is being carried out jointly with partners from industry and universities. It is being funded to the tune of 32.5 million euros over four years. Scientists from the Department of Chemistry and Pharmacy at Münster University are getting project funding amounting to 3.3 million, making them the biggest university partner in the electromobility project.
The aim is to further develop plug-in hybrid technology. Vehicles equipped with this technology have not only a conventional combustion engine but also a battery which can be recharged from a socket. The function of the battery is on the one hand to support the combustion engine during acceleration - which enhances driving comfort - and on the other hand to reclaim braking energy, which makes it more energy- and climate-friendly. Overall, the objective is to significantly reduce fuel consumption. The plug-in hybrid technology also allows purely electric driving - especially on short stretches, such as in towns and cities.
Developing batteries meant for hybrid vehicles with combustion engine and electromotor to make them suitable for purely electric vehicles is difficult. The range attainable by conventional batteries is too short and they are too expensive. However, in the long-term a purely electric vehicle which could do without gasoline or diesel would be highly attractive from the point of view of energy and climate - thus making it desirable for researchers, too. "We want to develop lithium-ion batteries for use in cars," says Prof. Winter from the Institute of Physical Chemistry at Münster University. "These batteries have three times as much energy potential as conventional car batteries. That would be sufficient, at least for commuters - especially if the car can be recharged from a socket while it is parked."
Also involved in the project at Münster University are Prof. Hellmut Eckert from the Institute of Physical Chemistry as well as Prof. Uwe Karst, Prof. Rainer Pöttgen and Prof. Hans-Dieter Wiemhöfer from the Institute of Anorganic and Analytical Chemistry. They are all testing the range and resilience of individual cells of lithium-ion batteries. In a Large Cell Test Facility researchers are simulating the effects of drives on the battery components. After such "drives" the components are examined for ageing effects. "We may then be able to propose measures which can counteract premature battery ageing and thereby increase service life - which would mean savings for all of us," says Prof. Winter.
Prof. Winter is an expert on lithium-ion technology at Münster University and has had an endowed professorship for Applied Material Sciences for Energy Storage and Energy Conversion since January 2008, provided by Chemetall, Evonik Industries and Volkswagen. The professorship has been created for a five-year period with funding amounting to a total of 2.5 million euros.
Dr. Christina Heimken | idw
Improvement of the operating range and increasing of the reliability of integrated circuits
09.11.2016 | Technologie Lizenz-Büro (TLB) der Baden-Württembergischen Hochschulen GmbH
New algorithm for optimized stability of planar-rod objects
11.08.2016 | Institute of Science and Technology Austria
In recent years, lasers with ultrashort pulses (USP) down to the femtosecond range have become established on an industrial scale. They could advance some applications with the much-lauded “cold ablation” – if that meant they would then achieve more throughput. A new generation of process engineering that will address this issue in particular will be discussed at the “4th UKP Workshop – Ultrafast Laser Technology” in April 2017.
Even back in the 1990s, scientists were comparing materials processing with nanosecond, picosecond and femtosesecond pulses. The result was surprising:...
Have you ever wondered how you see the world? Vision is about photons of light, which are packets of energy, interacting with the atoms or molecules in what...
A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.
Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...
In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.
“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...
The Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPP) is opening up a new research field. A workshop from November 21 - 22, 2016 will mark the start of activities for an innovative axion experiment. Axions are still only purely hypothetical particles. Their detection could solve two fundamental problems in particle physics: What dark matter consists of and why it has not yet been possible to directly observe a CP violation for the strong interaction.
The “MADMAX” project is the MPP’s commitment to axion research. Axions are so far only a theoretical prediction and are difficult to detect: on the one hand,...
16.11.2016 | Event News
01.11.2016 | Event News
14.10.2016 | Event News
08.12.2016 | Life Sciences
08.12.2016 | Physics and Astronomy
08.12.2016 | Materials Sciences