A variety of ecological and economic issues have been studied in the course of this five-year testing and development project. The aim was to try out more possibilities, even in organic farming, for optimising farming procedures that help protect nature while at the same time are economically sustainable.
For example, small strips of crop stubble on field edges should be tilled at a later date than usual. This gives late-flowering segetal flora species the chance to reach seed maturation, which also benefits brown hares, wandering amphibians, and seed-eating farmland birds such as the corn bunting.
“The project results show very clearly that there is a whole range of measures in agriculture that simultaneously benefit many wild animals and plants. Only a few adapted farm management procedures showed adverse effects for individual target species. That is why, for example, the late cutting of legume-grass leys to protect ground-breeding birds and brown hares should not be carried out near amphibian spawning areas, as the second cut then occurs during the time when the young animals are migrating. To prevent things going wrong, species-specific measures need to be planned and implemented as well as being optimised to fit with the economics of each farm and with the agricultural policy situation,” said BfN President Prof. Beate Jessel.
Working in very close cooperation with the 1,200 ha Demeter cash crop and dairy farm Ökodorf (Eco-Village) Brodowin GmbH & Co. KG, located northeast of Berlin, an interdisciplinary team explored various ecological, agronomic and economic issues over a period of five years. More detailed study was undertaken of typical species of wild animals and plants found in agricultural landscapes, specifically within the group of farmland and hedgerow birds (e.g. the skylark and corn bunting), amphibians, insects, mammals (brown hare) as well as wild segetal flora and dry grassland flora. The study focused in particular on evaluating the nature conservation-based optimisation measures in the cultivation of legume-grass leys, cereal crops and grain legumes as well as so-called structural measures such as establishing field margins, blossom strips and buffer strips around water bodies, and the maintenance and management of woody plants.
The test project was carried out by the Ökodorf Brodowin eco-village in collaboration with the Demeter farm Ökodorf Brodowin GmbH & Co. KG and the Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF) on behalf of the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN).The new publication provides scientific background information to accompany the manual "Nature conservation in organic farming" by Sarah Fuchs and Karin Stein-Bachinger, published in 2008. The results are representative for large parts of northeast Germany and can be applied and/or adapted to comparable regions and farming systems. The Demeter farm in Brodowin continues to implement selected nature conservation measures, enabling it to function as an example of the successful transfer of scientific results into farming practice (up-to-date information available at www.brodowin.de and www.naturschutzhof.de).
The book has appeared in the series "Nature conservation and biological diversity" (no. 90), published by the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, and can be purchased at the price of €24 from the BfN publications sales office. (http://www.buchweltshop.de/bfn/)To obtain more information/interviewees, please contact the ZALF press office:
Energy crop production on conservation lands may not boost greenhouse gases
13.03.2017 | Penn State
How nature creates forest diversity
07.03.2017 | International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
The Institute of Semiconductor Technology and the Institute of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, both members of the Laboratory for Emerging Nanometrology (LENA), at Technische Universität Braunschweig are partners in a new European research project entitled ChipScope, which aims to develop a completely new and extremely small optical microscope capable of observing the interior of living cells in real time. A consortium of 7 partners from 5 countries will tackle this issue with very ambitious objectives during a four-year research program.
To demonstrate the usefulness of this new scientific tool, at the end of the project the developed chip-sized microscope will be used to observe in real-time...
Astronomers from Bonn and Tautenburg in Thuringia (Germany) used the 100-m radio telescope at Effelsberg to observe several galaxy clusters. At the edges of these large accumulations of dark matter, stellar systems (galaxies), hot gas, and charged particles, they found magnetic fields that are exceptionally ordered over distances of many million light years. This makes them the most extended magnetic fields in the universe known so far.
The results will be published on March 22 in the journal „Astronomy & Astrophysics“.
Galaxy clusters are the largest gravitationally bound structures in the universe. With a typical extent of about 10 million light years, i.e. 100 times the...
Researchers at the Goethe University Frankfurt, together with partners from the University of Tübingen in Germany and Queen Mary University as well as Francis Crick Institute from London (UK) have developed a novel technology to decipher the secret ubiquitin code.
Ubiquitin is a small protein that can be linked to other cellular proteins, thereby controlling and modulating their functions. The attachment occurs in many...
In the eternal search for next generation high-efficiency solar cells and LEDs, scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory and their partners are creating...
Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are less stable. Now researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have, for the first time ever, produced a composite material combining silicon nanosheets and a polymer that is both UV-resistant and easy to process. This brings the scientists a significant step closer to industrial applications like flexible displays and photosensors.
Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are...
20.03.2017 | Event News
14.03.2017 | Event News
07.03.2017 | Event News
28.03.2017 | Life Sciences
28.03.2017 | Information Technology
28.03.2017 | Physics and Astronomy