A variety of ecological and economic issues have been studied in the course of this five-year testing and development project. The aim was to try out more possibilities, even in organic farming, for optimising farming procedures that help protect nature while at the same time are economically sustainable.
For example, small strips of crop stubble on field edges should be tilled at a later date than usual. This gives late-flowering segetal flora species the chance to reach seed maturation, which also benefits brown hares, wandering amphibians, and seed-eating farmland birds such as the corn bunting.
“The project results show very clearly that there is a whole range of measures in agriculture that simultaneously benefit many wild animals and plants. Only a few adapted farm management procedures showed adverse effects for individual target species. That is why, for example, the late cutting of legume-grass leys to protect ground-breeding birds and brown hares should not be carried out near amphibian spawning areas, as the second cut then occurs during the time when the young animals are migrating. To prevent things going wrong, species-specific measures need to be planned and implemented as well as being optimised to fit with the economics of each farm and with the agricultural policy situation,” said BfN President Prof. Beate Jessel.
Working in very close cooperation with the 1,200 ha Demeter cash crop and dairy farm Ökodorf (Eco-Village) Brodowin GmbH & Co. KG, located northeast of Berlin, an interdisciplinary team explored various ecological, agronomic and economic issues over a period of five years. More detailed study was undertaken of typical species of wild animals and plants found in agricultural landscapes, specifically within the group of farmland and hedgerow birds (e.g. the skylark and corn bunting), amphibians, insects, mammals (brown hare) as well as wild segetal flora and dry grassland flora. The study focused in particular on evaluating the nature conservation-based optimisation measures in the cultivation of legume-grass leys, cereal crops and grain legumes as well as so-called structural measures such as establishing field margins, blossom strips and buffer strips around water bodies, and the maintenance and management of woody plants.
The test project was carried out by the Ökodorf Brodowin eco-village in collaboration with the Demeter farm Ökodorf Brodowin GmbH & Co. KG and the Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF) on behalf of the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN).The new publication provides scientific background information to accompany the manual "Nature conservation in organic farming" by Sarah Fuchs and Karin Stein-Bachinger, published in 2008. The results are representative for large parts of northeast Germany and can be applied and/or adapted to comparable regions and farming systems. The Demeter farm in Brodowin continues to implement selected nature conservation measures, enabling it to function as an example of the successful transfer of scientific results into farming practice (up-to-date information available at www.brodowin.de and www.naturschutzhof.de).
The book has appeared in the series "Nature conservation and biological diversity" (no. 90), published by the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, and can be purchased at the price of €24 from the BfN publications sales office. (http://www.buchweltshop.de/bfn/)To obtain more information/interviewees, please contact the ZALF press office:
Plasma-zapping process could yield trans fat-free soybean oil product
02.12.2016 | Purdue University
New findings about the deformed wing virus, a major factor in honey bee colony mortality
11.11.2016 | Veterinärmedizinische Universität Wien
Have you ever wondered how you see the world? Vision is about photons of light, which are packets of energy, interacting with the atoms or molecules in what...
A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.
Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...
In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.
“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...
The Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPP) is opening up a new research field. A workshop from November 21 - 22, 2016 will mark the start of activities for an innovative axion experiment. Axions are still only purely hypothetical particles. Their detection could solve two fundamental problems in particle physics: What dark matter consists of and why it has not yet been possible to directly observe a CP violation for the strong interaction.
The “MADMAX” project is the MPP’s commitment to axion research. Axions are so far only a theoretical prediction and are difficult to detect: on the one hand,...
Broadband rotational spectroscopy unravels structural reshaping of isolated molecules in the gas phase to accommodate water
In two recent publications in the Journal of Chemical Physics and in the Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, researchers around Melanie Schnell from the Max...
16.11.2016 | Event News
01.11.2016 | Event News
14.10.2016 | Event News
05.12.2016 | Power and Electrical Engineering
05.12.2016 | Information Technology
05.12.2016 | Earth Sciences