Two primary ways are the use of distilled water (both of domestic and industrial origin), and of fertilizers based out of biological mixtures. A study done by the Institute of Water and the Department of Microbiology at the University of Granada, directed by Dr. Maria del Mar Sánchez Peinado, stress the importance of controlling the contamination of our farm grounds. This is due to the increasing presence of linear alkyl benzene sulphonate, a chemical component whose active ingredient can be found in most detergents.
The research project, carried out by three professors, Clementina Pozo Llorente, Maria Belén Rodelas González, and Maria Victoria Martínez Toledo, was financed by the Ministry of Education. This study has proven to be an important advancement towards further understanding of agricultural soils as a receptor of these pollutant compounds, as well as the impact of such compounds on the microbial community, and its microbiotic role on agricultural soils with regards to LAS biodegradation processes. The field work of this study was conducted in the lowlands of Spain, researching LAS biotransformation capacity with regards to microbiota as well as its biotransformation kinetics.The most utilized
This research work goes deeply, from chemical, microbiological and molecular techniques, into the impact of LAS in the structure, function and composition of the microbial community in the soil ecosystem. Likewise, the scientists have analyzed the biodegradation capacity of this pollutant in fields with regards to the microbial community combining techniques corresponding to different knowledge areas, such as microbiology, analytical chemistry and microbiology. With regards to agricultural soils, “the use of biological mud as a fertilizer and the great demand for water due to agricultural needs are the main means ways that LAS reaches the fields”. A unique ecosystem, where biological interactions and biogeochemical processes, associated to organic material degradation and mineral elements transformation for plant nutrition are especially intense.
The scientists of the University of Granada warn about the negative effects of LAS “LAS could significantly alter the metabolic activity of soils, therefore affecting their fertility”.
Antonio Marín Ruiz | alfa
Energy crop production on conservation lands may not boost greenhouse gases
13.03.2017 | Penn State
How nature creates forest diversity
07.03.2017 | International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
The Institute of Semiconductor Technology and the Institute of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, both members of the Laboratory for Emerging Nanometrology (LENA), at Technische Universität Braunschweig are partners in a new European research project entitled ChipScope, which aims to develop a completely new and extremely small optical microscope capable of observing the interior of living cells in real time. A consortium of 7 partners from 5 countries will tackle this issue with very ambitious objectives during a four-year research program.
To demonstrate the usefulness of this new scientific tool, at the end of the project the developed chip-sized microscope will be used to observe in real-time...
Astronomers from Bonn and Tautenburg in Thuringia (Germany) used the 100-m radio telescope at Effelsberg to observe several galaxy clusters. At the edges of these large accumulations of dark matter, stellar systems (galaxies), hot gas, and charged particles, they found magnetic fields that are exceptionally ordered over distances of many million light years. This makes them the most extended magnetic fields in the universe known so far.
The results will be published on March 22 in the journal „Astronomy & Astrophysics“.
Galaxy clusters are the largest gravitationally bound structures in the universe. With a typical extent of about 10 million light years, i.e. 100 times the...
Researchers at the Goethe University Frankfurt, together with partners from the University of Tübingen in Germany and Queen Mary University as well as Francis Crick Institute from London (UK) have developed a novel technology to decipher the secret ubiquitin code.
Ubiquitin is a small protein that can be linked to other cellular proteins, thereby controlling and modulating their functions. The attachment occurs in many...
In the eternal search for next generation high-efficiency solar cells and LEDs, scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory and their partners are creating...
Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are less stable. Now researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have, for the first time ever, produced a composite material combining silicon nanosheets and a polymer that is both UV-resistant and easy to process. This brings the scientists a significant step closer to industrial applications like flexible displays and photosensors.
Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are...
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