Having common standards and harmonised protection categories allows for a more reliable overview of the protection status within European forests. Therefore, an analysis of a whole range of protected forest area categories was done in compliance with existing international categories for protected areas.
The results show a clear separation between restrictions, which pertain to timber resources and silvicultural management, and those relating to non-timber production and public access. These differences are in parallel between North and South: in Northern Europe, with a high share of forested areas and relatively low population density, the restrictions affect the harvesting of timber resources and the forest infrastructure. In the Mediterranean and Atlantic countries, with a high population density and low forest cover, this applies to access restrictions and non-forest products, such as mushrooms and berries.
Direct and indirect benefits were assessed as well and it was concluded that restrictions and compensations varied depending on the individual stakeholder (forest owners, visitors, hunters, fishermen, scientists, beneficial owners, communities). It appears that the actual beneficiaries of protected forest areas are local although not the forest owners themselves, whereas less strictly protected areas benefit a larger number of people.
No comparable data on Protected Forest Areas in Europe
Results showed considerable variation between two international classification systems assessed. They are namely The World Conservation Union (IUCN) ‘Protected Area Management Categories’ and the ‘Assessment Guidelines for Protected and Protective Forest and Other Wooded Land in Europe’ of the Ministerial Conference on the Protection in Europe (MCPFE). A considerable confusion exists and, to date, no harmonised and comparable dataset on Protected Forest Areas in Europe is available. To start with, the definition of forest alone varies quite considerably across Europe.
Based on the results of the evaluation, a number of recommendations to improve the quality and comparability of the statistics have been compiled. On the basis of the recommendations of COST Action E27 the Liaison Unit of MCPFE has developed an Information Note of MCPFE Assessment Guidelines for the use of TBFRA country correspondents for their data collection for the fifth MCPFE Conference in Warsaw 2007.
A joint effort in the field of forest protection
About 100 experts, representing 25 European countries, contributed to the Action. A number of international organisations had official observer status (the European Environment Agency and the MCPFE) or have been in direct co-operation with the Action as e.g. the IUCN. The COST E27 Team consisted both of scientists from universities and research institutions and of specialists in charge of the selection, management and monitoring of various categories of protected forest areas. Specialists from forest inventories and administrative bodies completed the group.
The final publication is now available
The final publication entitled ‘Protected forest areas in Europe – analysis and harmonisation (PROFOR): Results, conclusions and recommendations’ has been published in March 2007 and is now available. It can be acquired directly at:
Bundesforschungs- und Ausbildungszentrum für Wald, Naturgefahren und Landschaft (BFW) - Bibliothek Seckendorff-Gudent-Weg 8 A-1131 Wien; To attention of Ms. Gudrun Csikos: firstname.lastname (at)bfw.gv.at http://bfw.ac.at/db/bfwcms.web?dok=6032
The COST Action E27 clearing house mechanism can be found on the Internet at http://www.efi.int/projects/coste27/. Documentation of the COST Action E27 are available at http://bfw.ac.at/020/profor/ .
Anu Ruusila | alfa
Unique communication strategy discovered in stem cell pathway controlling plant growth
23.03.2018 | Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
“How trees coexist” – new findings from biodiversity research published in Nature Communications
22.03.2018 | Technische Universität Dresden
Satellites in near-Earth orbit are at risk due to the steady increase in space debris. But their mission in the areas of telecommunications, navigation or weather forecasts is essential for society. Fraunhofer FHR therefore develops radar-based systems which allow the detection, tracking and cataloging of even the smallest particles of debris. Satellite operators who have access to our data are in a better position to plan evasive maneuvers and prevent destructive collisions. From April, 25-29 2018, Fraunhofer FHR and its partners will exhibit the complementary radar systems TIRA and GESTRA as well as the latest radar techniques for space observation across three stands at the ILA Berlin.
The "traffic situation" in space is very tense: the Earth is currently being orbited not only by countless satellites but also by a large volume of space...
An international team of researchers has discovered a new anti-cancer protein. The protein, called LHPP, prevents the uncontrolled proliferation of cancer cells in the liver. The researchers led by Prof. Michael N. Hall from the Biozentrum, University of Basel, report in “Nature” that LHPP can also serve as a biomarker for the diagnosis and prognosis of liver cancer.
The incidence of liver cancer, also known as hepatocellular carcinoma, is steadily increasing. In the last twenty years, the number of cases has almost doubled...
In just a few weeks from now, the Chinese space station Tiangong-1 will re-enter the Earth's atmosphere where it will to a large extent burn up. It is possible that some debris will reach the Earth's surface. Tiangong-1 is orbiting the Earth uncontrolled at a speed of approx. 29,000 km/h.Currently the prognosis relating to the time of impact currently lies within a window of several days. The scientists at Fraunhofer FHR have already been monitoring Tiangong-1 for a number of weeks with their TIRA system, one of the most powerful space observation radars in the world, with a view to supporting the German Space Situational Awareness Center and the ESA with their re-entry forecasts.
Following the loss of radio contact with Tiangong-1 in 2016 and due to the low orbital height, it is now inevitable that the Chinese space station will...
Fraunhofer Institute for Organic Electronics, Electron Beam and Plasma Technology FEP, provider of research and development services for OLED lighting solutions, announces the founding of the “OLED Licht Forum” and presents latest OLED design and lighting solutions during light+building, from March 18th – 23rd, 2018 in Frankfurt a.M./Germany, at booth no. F91 in Hall 4.0.
They are united in their passion for OLED (organic light emitting diodes) lighting with all of its unique facets and application possibilities. Thus experts in...
A new scenario seeking to explain how Mars' putative oceans came and went over the last 4 billion years implies that the oceans formed several hundred million...
23.03.2018 | Event News
19.03.2018 | Event News
16.03.2018 | Event News
23.03.2018 | Materials Sciences
23.03.2018 | Agricultural and Forestry Science
23.03.2018 | Physics and Astronomy