Having common standards and harmonised protection categories allows for a more reliable overview of the protection status within European forests. Therefore, an analysis of a whole range of protected forest area categories was done in compliance with existing international categories for protected areas.
The results show a clear separation between restrictions, which pertain to timber resources and silvicultural management, and those relating to non-timber production and public access. These differences are in parallel between North and South: in Northern Europe, with a high share of forested areas and relatively low population density, the restrictions affect the harvesting of timber resources and the forest infrastructure. In the Mediterranean and Atlantic countries, with a high population density and low forest cover, this applies to access restrictions and non-forest products, such as mushrooms and berries.
Direct and indirect benefits were assessed as well and it was concluded that restrictions and compensations varied depending on the individual stakeholder (forest owners, visitors, hunters, fishermen, scientists, beneficial owners, communities). It appears that the actual beneficiaries of protected forest areas are local although not the forest owners themselves, whereas less strictly protected areas benefit a larger number of people.
No comparable data on Protected Forest Areas in Europe
Results showed considerable variation between two international classification systems assessed. They are namely The World Conservation Union (IUCN) ‘Protected Area Management Categories’ and the ‘Assessment Guidelines for Protected and Protective Forest and Other Wooded Land in Europe’ of the Ministerial Conference on the Protection in Europe (MCPFE). A considerable confusion exists and, to date, no harmonised and comparable dataset on Protected Forest Areas in Europe is available. To start with, the definition of forest alone varies quite considerably across Europe.
Based on the results of the evaluation, a number of recommendations to improve the quality and comparability of the statistics have been compiled. On the basis of the recommendations of COST Action E27 the Liaison Unit of MCPFE has developed an Information Note of MCPFE Assessment Guidelines for the use of TBFRA country correspondents for their data collection for the fifth MCPFE Conference in Warsaw 2007.
A joint effort in the field of forest protection
About 100 experts, representing 25 European countries, contributed to the Action. A number of international organisations had official observer status (the European Environment Agency and the MCPFE) or have been in direct co-operation with the Action as e.g. the IUCN. The COST E27 Team consisted both of scientists from universities and research institutions and of specialists in charge of the selection, management and monitoring of various categories of protected forest areas. Specialists from forest inventories and administrative bodies completed the group.
The final publication is now available
The final publication entitled ‘Protected forest areas in Europe – analysis and harmonisation (PROFOR): Results, conclusions and recommendations’ has been published in March 2007 and is now available. It can be acquired directly at:
Bundesforschungs- und Ausbildungszentrum für Wald, Naturgefahren und Landschaft (BFW) - Bibliothek Seckendorff-Gudent-Weg 8 A-1131 Wien; To attention of Ms. Gudrun Csikos: firstname.lastname (at)bfw.gv.at http://bfw.ac.at/db/bfwcms.web?dok=6032
The COST Action E27 clearing house mechanism can be found on the Internet at http://www.efi.int/projects/coste27/. Documentation of the COST Action E27 are available at http://bfw.ac.at/020/profor/ .
Anu Ruusila | alfa
New technique reveals details of forest fire recovery
17.05.2018 | DOE/Brookhaven National Laboratory
Mixed forests: ecologically and economically superior
09.05.2018 | Technische Universität München
So-called quantum many-body scars allow quantum systems to stay out of equilibrium much longer, explaining experiment | Study published in Nature Physics
Recently, researchers from Harvard and MIT succeeded in trapping a record 53 atoms and individually controlling their quantum state, realizing what is called a...
The historic first detection of gravitational waves from colliding black holes far outside our galaxy opened a new window to understanding the universe. A...
A team led by Austrian experimental physicist Rainer Blatt has succeeded in characterizing the quantum entanglement of two spatially separated atoms by observing their light emission. This fundamental demonstration could lead to the development of highly sensitive optical gradiometers for the precise measurement of the gravitational field or the earth's magnetic field.
The age of quantum technology has long been heralded. Decades of research into the quantum world have led to the development of methods that make it possible...
Cardiovascular tissue engineering aims to treat heart disease with prostheses that grow and regenerate. Now, researchers from the University of Zurich, the Technical University Eindhoven and the Charité Berlin have successfully implanted regenerative heart valves, designed with the aid of computer simulations, into sheep for the first time.
Producing living tissue or organs based on human cells is one of the main research fields in regenerative medicine. Tissue engineering, which involves growing...
A team of scientists of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg investigated optically-induced superconductivity in the alkali-doped fulleride K3C60under high external pressures. This study allowed, on one hand, to uniquely assess the nature of the transient state as a superconducting phase. In addition, it unveiled the possibility to induce superconductivity in K3C60 at temperatures far above the -170 degrees Celsius hypothesized previously, and rather all the way to room temperature. The paper by Cantaluppi et al has been published in Nature Physics.
Unlike ordinary metals, superconductors have the unique capability of transporting electrical currents without any loss. Nowadays, their technological...
02.05.2018 | Event News
13.04.2018 | Event News
12.04.2018 | Event News
18.05.2018 | Power and Electrical Engineering
18.05.2018 | Information Technology
18.05.2018 | Information Technology