The decline in farm income was in line with forecasts. No unexpected changes were seen in the markets and in agricultural subsidy policy during 2006.
Farm income indicates the compensation received by agricultural entrepreneurs for their labour input and capital invested. It is calculated by subtracting total costs from total returns.
Costs continued to rise
Farm income for 2006 declined as total costs rose by nearly four percent and the growth in total return remained below one percent. Costs rose particularly due to the continued rise in production input prices fuelled by rising oil prices. The main factors contributing to an increase in total returns were an increase of over four percent in horticulture returns and a subsidy increase of some two percent over the previous year.
The total returns of agriculture and horticulture last year rose above EUR four billion for the first time during Finnish EU membership. Market returns of agriculture and horticulture totalled some EUR 2.1 billion and subsidies reached nearly EUR 1.9 billion. Total costs rose to over EUR 3.1 billion.
Prices of cereals and oil crops on the rise
Returns of animal farms in 2006 remained at levels seen in the previous year as the increase of returns from beef offset the slightly lower returns from milk and poultry. Returns from beef rose by nearly seven percent as the result of favourable price development. Despite a three percent increase, the producer price for beef remained clearly below the EU average.
The increase in producer prices and accelerated trade in barley increased market returns from cereals by approximately four percent, although the total yield was clearly smaller than in the previous year. However, the price paid for cereals in 2006 was on average nine percent higher than in the previous year. Returns from oil crops rose a staggering 42 percent, as the amount of goods in the market saw an increase of nearly 20 percent and producer prices rose by about 18 percent.
Clear increase in value of greenhouse production
The value of horticultural production rose by over four percent from the previous year. The value of open-field production witnessed a slight decline, whereas returns from greenhouse production grew by over seven percent. Due to the dry growth season in 2006 most open-field vegetables produced smaller yields – however, the lower supply was reflected in prices which were clearly higher than in the previous year. The demand for horticultural products was also boosted by the small yield of kitchen gardens caused by drought and insufficient irrigation.
Lower yield in open-field production, caused by drought, was also reflected in the demand for greenhouse produce. Consumers increased their use of greenhouse vegetables in place of open-field vegetables. This caused the demand for greenhouse vegetables to remain satisfactory throughout the summer season, contributing to a price higher than in the previous year.
Ulla Jauhiainen | alfa
Kakao in Monokultur verträgt Trockenheit besser als Kakao in Mischsystemen
18.09.2017 | Georg-August-Universität Göttingen
Ultrasound sensors make forage harvesters more reliable
28.08.2017 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Zerstörungsfreie Prüfverfahren IZFP
Plants and algae use the enzyme Rubisco to fix carbon dioxide, removing it from the atmosphere and converting it into biomass. Algae have figured out a way to increase the efficiency of carbon fixation. They gather most of their Rubisco into a ball-shaped microcompartment called the pyrenoid, which they flood with a high local concentration of carbon dioxide. A team of scientists at Princeton University, the Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford University and the Max Plank Institute of Biochemistry have unravelled the mysteries of how the pyrenoid is assembled. These insights can help to engineer crops that remove more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere while producing more food.
A warming planet
Our brains house extremely complex neuronal circuits, whose detailed structures are still largely unknown. This is especially true for the so-called cerebral cortex of mammals, where among other things vision, thoughts or spatial orientation are being computed. Here the rules by which nerve cells are connected to each other are only partly understood. A team of scientists around Moritz Helmstaedter at the Frankfiurt Max Planck Institute for Brain Research and Helene Schmidt (Humboldt University in Berlin) have now discovered a surprisingly precise nerve cell connectivity pattern in the part of the cerebral cortex that is responsible for orienting the individual animal or human in space.
The researchers report online in Nature (Schmidt et al., 2017. Axonal synapse sorting in medial entorhinal cortex, DOI: 10.1038/nature24005) that synapses in...
Whispering gallery mode (WGM) resonators are used to make tiny micro-lasers, sensors, switches, routers and other devices. These tiny structures rely on a...
Using ultrafast flashes of laser and x-ray radiation, scientists at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (Garching, Germany) took snapshots of the briefest electron motion inside a solid material to date. The electron motion lasted only 750 billionths of the billionth of a second before it fainted, setting a new record of human capability to capture ultrafast processes inside solids!
When x-rays shine onto solid materials or large molecules, an electron is pushed away from its original place near the nucleus of the atom, leaving a hole...
For the first time, physicists have successfully imaged spiral magnetic ordering in a multiferroic material. These materials are considered highly promising candidates for future data storage media. The researchers were able to prove their findings using unique quantum sensors that were developed at Basel University and that can analyze electromagnetic fields on the nanometer scale. The results – obtained by scientists from the University of Basel’s Department of Physics, the Swiss Nanoscience Institute, the University of Montpellier and several laboratories from University Paris-Saclay – were recently published in the journal Nature.
Multiferroics are materials that simultaneously react to electric and magnetic fields. These two properties are rarely found together, and their combined...
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