The decline in farm income was in line with forecasts. No unexpected changes were seen in the markets and in agricultural subsidy policy during 2006.
Farm income indicates the compensation received by agricultural entrepreneurs for their labour input and capital invested. It is calculated by subtracting total costs from total returns.
Costs continued to rise
Farm income for 2006 declined as total costs rose by nearly four percent and the growth in total return remained below one percent. Costs rose particularly due to the continued rise in production input prices fuelled by rising oil prices. The main factors contributing to an increase in total returns were an increase of over four percent in horticulture returns and a subsidy increase of some two percent over the previous year.
The total returns of agriculture and horticulture last year rose above EUR four billion for the first time during Finnish EU membership. Market returns of agriculture and horticulture totalled some EUR 2.1 billion and subsidies reached nearly EUR 1.9 billion. Total costs rose to over EUR 3.1 billion.
Prices of cereals and oil crops on the rise
Returns of animal farms in 2006 remained at levels seen in the previous year as the increase of returns from beef offset the slightly lower returns from milk and poultry. Returns from beef rose by nearly seven percent as the result of favourable price development. Despite a three percent increase, the producer price for beef remained clearly below the EU average.
The increase in producer prices and accelerated trade in barley increased market returns from cereals by approximately four percent, although the total yield was clearly smaller than in the previous year. However, the price paid for cereals in 2006 was on average nine percent higher than in the previous year. Returns from oil crops rose a staggering 42 percent, as the amount of goods in the market saw an increase of nearly 20 percent and producer prices rose by about 18 percent.
Clear increase in value of greenhouse production
The value of horticultural production rose by over four percent from the previous year. The value of open-field production witnessed a slight decline, whereas returns from greenhouse production grew by over seven percent. Due to the dry growth season in 2006 most open-field vegetables produced smaller yields – however, the lower supply was reflected in prices which were clearly higher than in the previous year. The demand for horticultural products was also boosted by the small yield of kitchen gardens caused by drought and insufficient irrigation.
Lower yield in open-field production, caused by drought, was also reflected in the demand for greenhouse produce. Consumers increased their use of greenhouse vegetables in place of open-field vegetables. This caused the demand for greenhouse vegetables to remain satisfactory throughout the summer season, contributing to a price higher than in the previous year.
Ulla Jauhiainen | alfa
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The formation of stars in distant galaxies is still largely unexplored. For the first time, astron-omers at the University of Geneva have now been able to closely observe a star system six billion light-years away. In doing so, they are confirming earlier simulations made by the University of Zurich. One special effect is made possible by the multiple reflections of images that run through the cosmos like a snake.
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