On the other hand, in the targeting of research, current policy needs could be better answered. The scientific view is especially important in broadening the policy horizon in a situation where policies are bound by vested national interests, like in the case of the Common Agricultural Policy. This is the main message of an EU-funded project.
In the context of the CAP, there is a need for a long-term policy and research agenda. Agriculture and rural areas are facing drastic changes, linked for instance to changes in global markets, technology and in the use of labour as well as to the decline of the number of farms. Moreover, the EU enlargement, the world trade negotiations and the social demand concerning the functions of agricultural policy put pressure on the existing policies. The Commission is prepared to reform the CAP after 2013, which should be anticipated by research.
The SASSPO project was an example of a deliberative process, linked to new forms of governance which include not only the public sector but different actors representing the market and the civil society. Policy dialogue refers to a facilitated process in which stakeholders together with actors from science and policy jointly deliberate on a specific complex policy issue, explore potential solutions and formulate policy recommendations. In the context of the CAP, the creation of an arena independent of formal political institutions where various stakeholders, experts and decision-makers could exchange views and information was found very useful. Such an arena for closer policy/science dialogue should be established outside the ordinary structure, used in connection to formal discussion in the current political debate.
SASSPO raised policy issues where more research should be conducted to support policies. These included for instance the legitimisation of the policy, changes in agricultural employment and issues of implementation and monitoring. The list of the complete policy and research suggestions can be found at the SASSPO Internet site.
SASSPO (Agriculture for Sustainable Development: A dialogue on societal demand, pressures and options for policy) was a project which assessed the achievements and future needs of scientific support to agricultural policies in the European Union. The overall objective of the project was to move towards a more integrated and sustainable approach to agriculture and rural development in Europe by using existing research and stakeholder participation.
SASSPO organised two policy dialogues with participants from 18 EU member states as well as from the European Commission, OECD and environmental, farmers’ and landowners’ organisations. SASSPO was funded by the European Commission as part of the Sixth Research Framework Programme. The project was conducted by MTT Economic Research, Finland, and LEI Agricultural Economics Research Institute, the Netherlands.
Plasma-zapping process could yield trans fat-free soybean oil product
02.12.2016 | Purdue University
New findings about the deformed wing virus, a major factor in honey bee colony mortality
11.11.2016 | Veterinärmedizinische Universität Wien
A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.
Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...
In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.
“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...
The Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPP) is opening up a new research field. A workshop from November 21 - 22, 2016 will mark the start of activities for an innovative axion experiment. Axions are still only purely hypothetical particles. Their detection could solve two fundamental problems in particle physics: What dark matter consists of and why it has not yet been possible to directly observe a CP violation for the strong interaction.
The “MADMAX” project is the MPP’s commitment to axion research. Axions are so far only a theoretical prediction and are difficult to detect: on the one hand,...
Broadband rotational spectroscopy unravels structural reshaping of isolated molecules in the gas phase to accommodate water
In two recent publications in the Journal of Chemical Physics and in the Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, researchers around Melanie Schnell from the Max...
The efficiency of power electronic systems is not solely dependent on electrical efficiency but also on weight, for example, in mobile systems. When the weight of relevant components and devices in airplanes, for instance, is reduced, fuel savings can be achieved and correspondingly greenhouse gas emissions decreased. New materials and components based on gallium nitride (GaN) can help to reduce weight and increase the efficiency. With these new materials, power electronic switches can be operated at higher switching frequency, resulting in higher power density and lower material costs.
Researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE together with partners have investigated how these materials can be used to make power...
16.11.2016 | Event News
01.11.2016 | Event News
14.10.2016 | Event News
02.12.2016 | Medical Engineering
02.12.2016 | Agricultural and Forestry Science
02.12.2016 | Physics and Astronomy