What lies behind this persistent famine in the region? This is the question being asked by the AIDA (Agricultural Innovation in Dryland Africa) international project, funded by the European Union and coordinated by CIRAD.
Poverty, trade inequalities and the difficulty of agricultural development top the list of causes, all of which are interlinked. The current drought and climate change are only making matters worse. To reverse the trend, human and financial investment in agricultural development needs to increase. Recent studies have shown that the context is propitious: local populations in agricultural zones are keen to adopt innovations.
The eight partners involved in the AIDA project will be focusing their efforts on sustainable agricultural development. The project aims to pinpoint the determining factors in past failures and current successes. Very few studies are currently available on this issue, and a database of this type, backed up by recommendations, could serve to support policy decision-making and fairer distribution of resources in favour of subsistence farming. The project will involve researchers and farmers, and also decision-makers and local players. In short, the objective is to achieve a clearer understanding of the conditions for sustainable agricultural development in African dryland areas.
The project was launched officially at an international conference held from 22 to 24 January 2007 in Accra, Ghana.
Helen Burford | alfa
Plasma-zapping process could yield trans fat-free soybean oil product
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Physicists of the University of Würzburg have made an astonishing discovery in a specific type of topological insulators. The effect is due to the structure of the materials used. The researchers have now published their work in the journal Science.
Topological insulators are currently the hot topic in physics according to the newspaper Neue Zürcher Zeitung. Only a few weeks ago, their importance was...
In recent years, lasers with ultrashort pulses (USP) down to the femtosecond range have become established on an industrial scale. They could advance some applications with the much-lauded “cold ablation” – if that meant they would then achieve more throughput. A new generation of process engineering that will address this issue in particular will be discussed at the “4th UKP Workshop – Ultrafast Laser Technology” in April 2017.
Even back in the 1990s, scientists were comparing materials processing with nanosecond, picosecond and femtosesecond pulses. The result was surprising:...
Have you ever wondered how you see the world? Vision is about photons of light, which are packets of energy, interacting with the atoms or molecules in what...
A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.
Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...
In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.
“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...
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