What lies behind this persistent famine in the region? This is the question being asked by the AIDA (Agricultural Innovation in Dryland Africa) international project, funded by the European Union and coordinated by CIRAD.
Poverty, trade inequalities and the difficulty of agricultural development top the list of causes, all of which are interlinked. The current drought and climate change are only making matters worse. To reverse the trend, human and financial investment in agricultural development needs to increase. Recent studies have shown that the context is propitious: local populations in agricultural zones are keen to adopt innovations.
The eight partners involved in the AIDA project will be focusing their efforts on sustainable agricultural development. The project aims to pinpoint the determining factors in past failures and current successes. Very few studies are currently available on this issue, and a database of this type, backed up by recommendations, could serve to support policy decision-making and fairer distribution of resources in favour of subsistence farming. The project will involve researchers and farmers, and also decision-makers and local players. In short, the objective is to achieve a clearer understanding of the conditions for sustainable agricultural development in African dryland areas.
The project was launched officially at an international conference held from 22 to 24 January 2007 in Accra, Ghana.
Helen Burford | alfa
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Physicists in the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics (run jointly by LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute for Quantum Optics) have developed an attosecond electron microscope that allows them to visualize the dispersion of light in time and space, and observe the motions of electrons in atoms.
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