Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Supportive modelling and role playing in support of biodiversity

07.12.2006
The aim is to pass on and share knowledge, methods and tools that enable the control and collective management of complex systems. To this end, the multiplicity of viewpoints, on various levels of the socioeconomic stucture, is now being taken into account.

"This supportive modelling approach was initiated and developed by the GREEN team in the mid-1990s, in the hope of achieving a clearer understanding of the relationship between nature and society" says Didier Bazile, a researcher with the CIRAD "Management of Renewable Resources and Environment" Research Unit (GREEN).

Since then, the idea has taken root and many researchers are now using the concept in various fields. It is being used to develop new management mechanisms, for instance to reduce disputes over use of a given resource, improve access to water or conserve biodiversity in situ.

Seed production systems in Africa and Asia

For both sorghum in Mali and rice in Thailand, producers, researchers and local decision-makers are putting their heads together and discussing the problems and research issues that concern them. The aim is to establish dynamic models of how cereal seed supply systems operate, to be used in simulating scenarios of how traditional local varieties could be conserved.

A multi-agent simulation (MAS) model was developed following role-playing workshops involving farming communities and local leaders. It is modular, summarizes the cosial determinants of sorghum varietal diversity and makes it possible to monitor exchanges of varieties between villages and farms. The system is also open to climatic risk management strategies and can be used to explore the criteria applied when choosing seed suppliers.

In Thailand, a partnership between CIRAD and regional and national universities and government agencies has made it possible to use the method as part of a commodity chain approach involving all the various private- and public-sector partners. This has resulted in quality seed supplies, and has also served to maintain rice varietal diversity.

Agronomy and sustainable development

The GREEN Research Unit is a member of the advanced thematic research unit (RTRA) on agricultural research and sustainable development, founded in Montpellier in October 2006, which involves CIRAD, INRA and SupAgro. Within this network of excellence, which combines technical and social sciences in order to study crops and their sustainable adaptation to their environment, the unit's researchers are making full use of their experience in developing countries.

Helen Burford | alfa
Further information:
http://www.cirad.fr/en/presse/communique.php?id=234

More articles from Agricultural and Forestry Science:

nachricht Plasma-zapping process could yield trans fat-free soybean oil product
02.12.2016 | Purdue University

nachricht New findings about the deformed wing virus, a major factor in honey bee colony mortality
11.11.2016 | Veterinärmedizinische Universität Wien

All articles from Agricultural and Forestry Science >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Significantly more productivity in USP lasers

In recent years, lasers with ultrashort pulses (USP) down to the femtosecond range have become established on an industrial scale. They could advance some applications with the much-lauded “cold ablation” – if that meant they would then achieve more throughput. A new generation of process engineering that will address this issue in particular will be discussed at the “4th UKP Workshop – Ultrafast Laser Technology” in April 2017.

Even back in the 1990s, scientists were comparing materials processing with nanosecond, picosecond and femtosesecond pulses. The result was surprising:...

Im Focus: Shape matters when light meets atom

Mapping the interaction of a single atom with a single photon may inform design of quantum devices

Have you ever wondered how you see the world? Vision is about photons of light, which are packets of energy, interacting with the atoms or molecules in what...

Im Focus: Novel silicon etching technique crafts 3-D gradient refractive index micro-optics

A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.

Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...

Im Focus: Quantum Particles Form Droplets

In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.

“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...

Im Focus: MADMAX: Max Planck Institute for Physics takes up axion research

The Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPP) is opening up a new research field. A workshop from November 21 - 22, 2016 will mark the start of activities for an innovative axion experiment. Axions are still only purely hypothetical particles. Their detection could solve two fundamental problems in particle physics: What dark matter consists of and why it has not yet been possible to directly observe a CP violation for the strong interaction.

The “MADMAX” project is the MPP’s commitment to axion research. Axions are so far only a theoretical prediction and are difficult to detect: on the one hand,...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

ICTM Conference 2017: Production technology for turbomachine manufacturing of the future

16.11.2016 | Event News

Innovation Day Laser Technology – Laser Additive Manufacturing

01.11.2016 | Event News

#IC2S2: When Social Science meets Computer Science - GESIS will host the IC2S2 conference 2017

14.10.2016 | Event News

 
Latest News

NTU scientists build new ultrasound device using 3-D printing technology

07.12.2016 | Health and Medicine

The balancing act: An enzyme that links endocytosis to membrane recycling

07.12.2016 | Life Sciences

How to turn white fat brown

07.12.2016 | Health and Medicine

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>