The network is one of 13 approved on Wednesday 4 October 2006 by the French government. RTRAs are one of the structural measures taken under the 18 April 2006 Research Programming Act to identify and consolidate the main French scientific poles capable of being among the leading runners in the global research field.
CIRAD*, INRA* and Montpellier SupAgro** are building on their reputation for metropolitan, Mediterranean and tropical agricultural research and on the momentum of the Agropolis International group to:
- help farming systems in North and South adapt to climate change;
- tackle the risks linked to drought, biological threats and emerging diseases, ensure food safety, and fight the erosion of natural resources and biodiversity;
- take up the agricultural, food and environmental challenges posed by continued population growth, globalization and growth in emerging countries.
In consequence, the three founding organizations have chosen to work with their partners to build a network in Montpellier and Avignon, centring on plant science, from gene to system, applying a combination of biotechnical and socioeconomic approaches to temperate, Mediterranean and tropical research issues.
The network involves 500 top researchers and teacher-researchers, split between four specialized campuses equipped with advanced technology, working within elite research units.
The new means placed at its disposal and the quality of the joint research structure created will enable the network to play a major role on the international stage, alongside other globally recognized centres such as Cornell (USA), Wageningen (Netherlands), the John Innes Centre (UK) and the Max Planck Institut (Germany).
* Research operations at CIRAD and INRA concern issues relating to agriculture, food and food safety, the environment and territorial management, with particular emphasis on fostering sustainable development. INRA primarily works on temperate areas and CIRAD on the intertropical belt.
** In January 2007, Montpellier SupAgro will be a single establishment associating four organizations headed by the French Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, working in Languedoc-Roussillon: Agro.M, CNEARC, ENSIA-SIARC and the CEP in Florac. Along with Agro ParisTech, it will be one of the two leading French agricultural higher education establishments.
Helen Burford | alfa
Kakao in Monokultur verträgt Trockenheit besser als Kakao in Mischsystemen
18.09.2017 | Georg-August-Universität Göttingen
Ultrasound sensors make forage harvesters more reliable
28.08.2017 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Zerstörungsfreie Prüfverfahren IZFP
Plants and algae use the enzyme Rubisco to fix carbon dioxide, removing it from the atmosphere and converting it into biomass. Algae have figured out a way to increase the efficiency of carbon fixation. They gather most of their Rubisco into a ball-shaped microcompartment called the pyrenoid, which they flood with a high local concentration of carbon dioxide. A team of scientists at Princeton University, the Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford University and the Max Plank Institute of Biochemistry have unravelled the mysteries of how the pyrenoid is assembled. These insights can help to engineer crops that remove more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere while producing more food.
A warming planet
Our brains house extremely complex neuronal circuits, whose detailed structures are still largely unknown. This is especially true for the so-called cerebral cortex of mammals, where among other things vision, thoughts or spatial orientation are being computed. Here the rules by which nerve cells are connected to each other are only partly understood. A team of scientists around Moritz Helmstaedter at the Frankfiurt Max Planck Institute for Brain Research and Helene Schmidt (Humboldt University in Berlin) have now discovered a surprisingly precise nerve cell connectivity pattern in the part of the cerebral cortex that is responsible for orienting the individual animal or human in space.
The researchers report online in Nature (Schmidt et al., 2017. Axonal synapse sorting in medial entorhinal cortex, DOI: 10.1038/nature24005) that synapses in...
Whispering gallery mode (WGM) resonators are used to make tiny micro-lasers, sensors, switches, routers and other devices. These tiny structures rely on a...
Using ultrafast flashes of laser and x-ray radiation, scientists at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (Garching, Germany) took snapshots of the briefest electron motion inside a solid material to date. The electron motion lasted only 750 billionths of the billionth of a second before it fainted, setting a new record of human capability to capture ultrafast processes inside solids!
When x-rays shine onto solid materials or large molecules, an electron is pushed away from its original place near the nucleus of the atom, leaving a hole...
For the first time, physicists have successfully imaged spiral magnetic ordering in a multiferroic material. These materials are considered highly promising candidates for future data storage media. The researchers were able to prove their findings using unique quantum sensors that were developed at Basel University and that can analyze electromagnetic fields on the nanometer scale. The results – obtained by scientists from the University of Basel’s Department of Physics, the Swiss Nanoscience Institute, the University of Montpellier and several laboratories from University Paris-Saclay – were recently published in the journal Nature.
Multiferroics are materials that simultaneously react to electric and magnetic fields. These two properties are rarely found together, and their combined...
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