Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Age Affects the Social Needs of Bovines

05.10.2005


Bovines of different ages need different kinds of social environments. Calves enjoy a safe environment with other familiar members of their species. Heiferson the other hand, can benefit from the social experience resulting from being introduced to a new group.



In her thesis, Senior Scientist Satu Raussi from Agrifood Research Finland observes that calves brought up in pairs show fewer symptoms of stress than those that have reared in individual pens, although they are a little more difficult to handle. She adds that young calves may become stressed due to frequent changes in their social environment and that is why it is good for a calf to have species companions of the same age.

Rearing a newborn calf of less than eight weeks in a good individual pen does not, however, ‘spoil’ the calf but can represent an important factor in creating a good human-calf relationship.


“Outcomes are good if a calf receives good treatment from humans and associates that with milk and suckling. Contact with humans does not replace the company of other bovines, but calves that have had a positive relationship with their stockperson get less stressed around humans than those that have had minimal contact.”

Trusting Animals Increase Safety at Work

Heifers’ social experiences can bring benefits to production conditions. Animals that are used to changing environments and pen partners react less strongly to a new, surprising situation. “They are less affected by the presence of a dog, for example,” Ms Raussi explains. Heifers that have been frequently introduced to new groups tend to show more aggression towards each other in their home pen, however.

According to Ms Raussi, cattle carers must pay more attention to timid animals. As the size of a cattle unit increases, the stockperson will have less and less time to care for individual animals, and the most timid of the group can easily be left without proper attention which prevents their fear of humans from dissipating. Fear causes stress and a nervous animal can act in an unpredictable manner. “Good treatment of animals increases safety at work,” Ms Raussi concludes.

The thesis is based on two studies that were implemented through cooperation between Agrifood Research Finland and INRA, the corresponding institute in France. The studies examined young dairy-stock bovines.

The thesis of Satu Raussi MSc “Group Management of Young Dairy Cattle in Relation to Animal Behaviour and Welfare” will be examined publicly on 14 October 2005 at the University of Helsinki. The event begins at 12 noon. Dr. Marek Spinka from the Research Institute of Animal Production in Prague will act as the opponent and the custodian will be Professor Hannu Saloniemi from the Department of Clinical Veterinary Sciences of the University of Helsinki.

Ulla Jauhiainen | alfa
Further information:
http://www.mtt.fi/english/

More articles from Agricultural and Forestry Science:

nachricht New gene for atrazine resistance identified in waterhemp
24.02.2017 | University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences

nachricht Researchers discover a new link to fight billion-dollar threat to soybean production
14.02.2017 | University of Missouri-Columbia

All articles from Agricultural and Forestry Science >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Breakthrough with a chain of gold atoms

In the field of nanoscience, an international team of physicists with participants from Konstanz has achieved a breakthrough in understanding heat transport

In the field of nanoscience, an international team of physicists with participants from Konstanz has achieved a breakthrough in understanding heat transport

Im Focus: DNA repair: a new letter in the cell alphabet

Results reveal how discoveries may be hidden in scientific “blind spots”

Cells need to repair damaged DNA in our genes to prevent the development of cancer and other diseases. Our cells therefore activate and send “repair-proteins”...

Im Focus: Dresdner scientists print tomorrow’s world

The Fraunhofer IWS Dresden and Technische Universität Dresden inaugurated their jointly operated Center for Additive Manufacturing Dresden (AMCD) with a festive ceremony on February 7, 2017. Scientists from various disciplines perform research on materials, additive manufacturing processes and innovative technologies, which build up components in a layer by layer process. This technology opens up new horizons for component design and combinations of functions. For example during fabrication, electrical conductors and sensors are already able to be additively manufactured into components. They provide information about stress conditions of a product during operation.

The 3D-printing technology, or additive manufacturing as it is often called, has long made the step out of scientific research laboratories into industrial...

Im Focus: Mimicking nature's cellular architectures via 3-D printing

Research offers new level of control over the structure of 3-D printed materials

Nature does amazing things with limited design materials. Grass, for example, can support its own weight, resist strong wind loads, and recover after being...

Im Focus: Three Magnetic States for Each Hole

Nanometer-scale magnetic perforated grids could create new possibilities for computing. Together with international colleagues, scientists from the Helmholtz Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) have shown how a cobalt grid can be reliably programmed at room temperature. In addition they discovered that for every hole ("antidot") three magnetic states can be configured. The results have been published in the journal "Scientific Reports".

Physicist Dr. Rantej Bali from the HZDR, together with scientists from Singapore and Australia, designed a special grid structure in a thin layer of cobalt in...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Booth and panel discussion – The Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings at the AAAS 2017 Annual Meeting

13.02.2017 | Event News

Complex Loading versus Hidden Reserves

10.02.2017 | Event News

International Conference on Crystal Growth in Freiburg

09.02.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Stingless bees have their nests protected by soldiers

24.02.2017 | Life Sciences

New risk factors for anxiety disorders

24.02.2017 | Life Sciences

MWC 2017: 5G Capital Berlin

24.02.2017 | Trade Fair News

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>