Researchers at the Botany Department of the University of Navarra, Ana María de Miguel y Miriam de Román, have undertaken a study on the use of mycorrhizzae-introduced plants (colonised with the "Tuber melanosporum" fungus or black Perigord truffle), on surface land areas affected by fires.
Taking advantage of reforestation work carried out by Viveros y Repoblaciones de Navarra in the recovery of the Nazar kermes oak forest (Estella-Lizarra region), a typical Mediterranean-type ecosystem found in the Navarre region, the two experts compared the progress of the plants’ survival with the presence or otherwise of the mycorrhizzae. Mycorrhizzae are the product of the fungus-plant symbiosis produced at the roots of the trees, facilitating the growth of the truffle at a par with that of the plant.
After three years of research, they concluded that the kermes oaks exposed to "T. melanosporum" mycorrhizzae show a greater rate of survival than those planted without mycorrhizzae, when dealing with land suitable for the cultivation of the truffle. Thus, environmental advantages are added to the economic boost in those areas suitable for truffles.
Garazi Andonegi | alfa
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On the way to an intelligent laboratory, physicists from Innsbruck and Vienna present an artificial agent that autonomously designs quantum experiments. In initial experiments, the system has independently (re)discovered experimental techniques that are nowadays standard in modern quantum optical laboratories. This shows how machines could play a more creative role in research in the future.
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For the first time, scientists have precisely measured the effective electrical charge of a single molecule in solution. This fundamental insight of an SNSF Professor could also pave the way for future medical diagnostics.
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At the JEC World Composite Show in Paris in March 2018, the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT will be focusing on the latest trends and innovations in laser machining of composites. Among other things, researchers at the booth shared with the Aachen Center for Integrative Lightweight Production (AZL) will demonstrate how lasers can be used for joining, structuring, cutting and drilling composite materials.
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Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) and Tohoku University have developed high-quality GFO epitaxial films and systematically investigated their ferroelectric and ferromagnetic properties. They also demonstrated the room-temperature magnetocapacitance effects of these GFO thin films.
Multiferroic materials show magnetically driven ferroelectricity. They are attracting increasing attention because of their fascinating properties such as...
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