1 million tonnes of waste cuttings (external leaves, stems, etc.) from vegetables prior to processing are generated every year in Europe and 3.4 million of barley husks as a result of beer brewing processes. These sub-products are currently thrown away or managed by means of techniques that are not very environment-friendly, despite the fact that they contain considerable quantities of high-value components.
It is within this context that the REPRO (Reducing Food Processing Waste) has arisen, the project in which GAIKER is taking part together with the project leader, the UK Institute of Food Research, as well as another 11 Research Centres in Holland, France, Finland, Sweden, Norway, Turkey, Lithuania and South Africa.
The aim of REPRO, which will last for three years, is to develop advanced methods for recycling and reassessing these sub-products - rich in biopolymers, phytochemicals, nutrients and micronutrients – in order to obtain products with greater added value and aimed at agrifood sector and the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. To satisfy this objective, the project has taken on board four fundamental and inter-related activities:
The area for the application of the REPRO project results is undoubtedly quite wide. It includes, on the one hand, the food industry sectors of brewing and vegetable processing as well as those belonging to associated sectors (e.g. the drinks sector) in which organic residues are generated and which have a potential of recovery of valuable products.
On the other hand, the results of this project can be equally valuable for those food industries interested in the incorporation of high value-added ingredients and for chemical and pharmaceutical companies seeking to develop new, alternative compounds derived from natural sources.
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Whether you call it effervescent, fizzy, or sparkling, carbonated water is making a comeback as a beverage. Aside from quenching thirst, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have discovered a new use for these "bubbly" concoctions that will have major impact on the manufacturer of the world's thinnest, flattest, and one most useful materials -- graphene.
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Physicists at the University of Bonn have managed to create optical hollows and more complex patterns into which the light of a Bose-Einstein condensate flows. The creation of such highly low-loss structures for light is a prerequisite for complex light circuits, such as for quantum information processing for a new generation of computers. The researchers are now presenting their results in the journal Nature Photonics.
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For the first time, scientists have shown that circular RNA is linked to brain function. When a RNA molecule called Cdr1as was deleted from the genome of mice, the animals had problems filtering out unnecessary information – like patients suffering from neuropsychiatric disorders.
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An experimental small satellite has successfully collected and delivered data on a key measurement for predicting changes in Earth's climate.
The Radiometer Assessment using Vertically Aligned Nanotubes (RAVAN) CubeSat was launched into low-Earth orbit on Nov. 11, 2016, in order to test new...
A study led by scientists of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg presents evidence of the coexistence of superconductivity and “charge-density-waves” in compounds of the poorly-studied family of bismuthates. This observation opens up new perspectives for a deeper understanding of the phenomenon of high-temperature superconductivity, a topic which is at the core of condensed matter research since more than 30 years. The paper by Nicoletti et al has been published in the PNAS.
Since the beginning of the 20th century, superconductivity had been observed in some metals at temperatures only a few degrees above the absolute zero (minus...
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