1 million tonnes of waste cuttings (external leaves, stems, etc.) from vegetables prior to processing are generated every year in Europe and 3.4 million of barley husks as a result of beer brewing processes. These sub-products are currently thrown away or managed by means of techniques that are not very environment-friendly, despite the fact that they contain considerable quantities of high-value components.
It is within this context that the REPRO (Reducing Food Processing Waste) has arisen, the project in which GAIKER is taking part together with the project leader, the UK Institute of Food Research, as well as another 11 Research Centres in Holland, France, Finland, Sweden, Norway, Turkey, Lithuania and South Africa.
The aim of REPRO, which will last for three years, is to develop advanced methods for recycling and reassessing these sub-products - rich in biopolymers, phytochemicals, nutrients and micronutrients – in order to obtain products with greater added value and aimed at agrifood sector and the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. To satisfy this objective, the project has taken on board four fundamental and inter-related activities:
The area for the application of the REPRO project results is undoubtedly quite wide. It includes, on the one hand, the food industry sectors of brewing and vegetable processing as well as those belonging to associated sectors (e.g. the drinks sector) in which organic residues are generated and which have a potential of recovery of valuable products.
On the other hand, the results of this project can be equally valuable for those food industries interested in the incorporation of high value-added ingredients and for chemical and pharmaceutical companies seeking to develop new, alternative compounds derived from natural sources.
Energy crop production on conservation lands may not boost greenhouse gases
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How nature creates forest diversity
07.03.2017 | International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
Astronomers from Bonn and Tautenburg in Thuringia (Germany) used the 100-m radio telescope at Effelsberg to observe several galaxy clusters. At the edges of these large accumulations of dark matter, stellar systems (galaxies), hot gas, and charged particles, they found magnetic fields that are exceptionally ordered over distances of many million light years. This makes them the most extended magnetic fields in the universe known so far.
The results will be published on March 22 in the journal „Astronomy & Astrophysics“.
Galaxy clusters are the largest gravitationally bound structures in the universe. With a typical extent of about 10 million light years, i.e. 100 times the...
Researchers at the Goethe University Frankfurt, together with partners from the University of Tübingen in Germany and Queen Mary University as well as Francis Crick Institute from London (UK) have developed a novel technology to decipher the secret ubiquitin code.
Ubiquitin is a small protein that can be linked to other cellular proteins, thereby controlling and modulating their functions. The attachment occurs in many...
In the eternal search for next generation high-efficiency solar cells and LEDs, scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory and their partners are creating...
Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are less stable. Now researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have, for the first time ever, produced a composite material combining silicon nanosheets and a polymer that is both UV-resistant and easy to process. This brings the scientists a significant step closer to industrial applications like flexible displays and photosensors.
Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are...
Enzymes behave differently in a test tube compared with the molecular scrum of a living cell. Chemists from the University of Basel have now been able to simulate these confined natural conditions in artificial vesicles for the first time. As reported in the academic journal Small, the results are offering better insight into the development of nanoreactors and artificial organelles.
Enzymes behave differently in a test tube compared with the molecular scrum of a living cell. Chemists from the University of Basel have now been able to...
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24.03.2017 | Physics and Astronomy