The European Commission asked for the development of an integrated computer toolkit for an ex ante assessment for effective and efficient agricultural and environmental policies for the EU-25 in a changing Europe and world. Thirty research institutes from thirteen European countries are involved in this project ‘Seamless’. The project is coordinated by Wageningen University. The project, with a total budget of 15 million Euro, plans to deliver a first prototype within 18 months and in four years time the system should be fully operational. A kick-off meeting for Seamless is held this week in Lund, Sweden.
More than ever before, adequate agricultural and environmental policies at EU, national and regional scale are needed that can facilitate agriculture’s contribution to sustainable development. Ex-ante assessment of new policies (i.e., assessment before their introduction) is essential to ensure their effectiveness and efficiency. This is even more evident when taking into account that roughly 40% of the total EU budget is used for the Common Agricultural Policy, and 40% of the European land surface is used for agriculture.
Rural areas in Europe will face major developments as a result of the continuous enlargement of the EU, changes in farm support payments (resulting in lower prices for e.g. milk and sugar beet) and liberalization of world trade as a consequence of negotiations in the World Trade Organization. Such changes interact with changes in the physical and natural environment (e.g. climate change, loss of biodiversity). Next to these European and global developments, society demands a green and clean landscape, and farming communities in rural areas are faced with continuous technological innovation. There is a growing awareness that agriculture’s contribution to sustainable development and a multifunctional land use is at stake.
Bouke de Vos | alfa
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In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.
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