Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Distinct increase of EU exports to global agricultural markets

09.07.2014

COMPETE Forum presented current findings and policy recommendations

The European Union (EU) achieved a distinct increase of its exports to the world’s agricultural markets in the last two decades. In spite of the rising value of foreign trade flows, there was a slight decline in the EU member countries’ market share on major export markets.

The emergence of new competitors, most notably the BRIC countries (Brazil, Russia, India, and China), and the removal of trade barriers exert increasing pressure on the competitiveness of EU countries. Current findings on the competitiveness of European food chains were presented as part of the project ‘International Comparisons of Product Supply Chains in the Agro-Food Sectors: Determinants of their Competitiveness and Performance on EU and International Markets’ (COMPETE) at the COMPETE Forum in Berlin on 25 June 2014.

The joint research project COMPETE, combining 16 European partners, analyses foreign trade flows for various value chains, such as grain, milk, pork meat as well as fruit and vegetables, in order to derive targeted and evidence-based policy recommendations at the EU and national levels.

Initial analysis of the research project launched in 2012 indicated that about 27 per cent of EU agricultural and food products are competitive. EU member countries particularly hold competitive advantages in the field of processed products, albeit competitiveness of food chains grossly varies among individual countries and is in general higher in old EU member countries than in newly acceded states.

A productivity analysis of the European dairy sector revealed highest productivity levels in regions with natural locational advantages. In addition, the processing industry and primary production appear to benefit each other in terms of efficiency enhancement.

This means that countries with productive dairies typically have also efficient milk producers. Productivity is particularly high in EU countries with predominantly large farm structures and where quota utilization tends towards full utilization. It is assumed that the abolishment of milk quotas will cause European dairy production to be further transferred to high-efficiency region in Central Europe, resp. the less efficient regions will undergo profound structural change.

‘The overall objective of politics and industry should be the promotion of innovative capacity, to maintain free competition without market barriers and to support investments in research and development in order to improve export orientation and competitiveness of EU countries’, said project coordinator Heinrich Hockmann, IAMO.

The collaborative project COMPETE has a duration of three years and is funded by the European Commission under the 7th EU Research Framework Program. For further information on the COMPETE project, please, go to: www.compete-project.eu 
 

About IAMO

The Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Transition Economies (IAMO) analyses economic, social and political processes of change in the agricultural and food sector, and in rural areas. The geographic focus covers the enlarging EU, transition regions of Central, Eastern and South Eastern Europe, as well as Central and Eastern Asia. IAMO is making a contribution towards enhancing understanding of institutional, structural and technological changes. Moreover, IAMO is studying the resulting impacts on the agricultural and food sector as well as the living conditions of rural populations. The outcomes of our work are used to derive and analyze strategies and options for enterprises, agricultural markets and politics. Since its foundation in 1994, IAMO has been part of the Leibniz Association, a German community of independent research institutes.

Please note that since the beginning of this year the Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe is renamed Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Transition Economies. The acronym IAMO is still valid.

Media contact

Daniela Schimming
Public Relations
Tel.: +49 345 2928-330
Fax: +49 345 2928-499
presse@iamo.de
www.iamo.de

Daniela Schimming | idw - Informationsdienst Wissenschaft

More articles from Agricultural and Forestry Science:

nachricht New 3-D model predicts best planting practices for farmers
26.06.2017 | Carl R. Woese Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

nachricht Fighting a destructive crop disease with mathematics
21.06.2017 | University of Cambridge

All articles from Agricultural and Forestry Science >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Carbon Nanotubes Turn Electrical Current into Light-emitting Quasi-particles

Strong light-matter coupling in these semiconducting tubes may hold the key to electrically pumped lasers

Light-matter quasi-particles can be generated electrically in semiconducting carbon nanotubes. Material scientists and physicists from Heidelberg University...

Im Focus: Flexible proximity sensor creates smart surfaces

Fraunhofer IPA has developed a proximity sensor made from silicone and carbon nanotubes (CNT) which detects objects and determines their position. The materials and printing process used mean that the sensor is extremely flexible, economical and can be used for large surfaces. Industry and research partners can use and further develop this innovation straight away.

At first glance, the proximity sensor appears to be nothing special: a thin, elastic layer of silicone onto which black square surfaces are printed, but these...

Im Focus: 3-D scanning with water

3-D shape acquisition using water displacement as the shape sensor for the reconstruction of complex objects

A global team of computer scientists and engineers have developed an innovative technique that more completely reconstructs challenging 3D objects. An ancient...

Im Focus: Manipulating Electron Spins Without Loss of Information

Physicists have developed a new technique that uses electrical voltages to control the electron spin on a chip. The newly-developed method provides protection from spin decay, meaning that the contained information can be maintained and transmitted over comparatively large distances, as has been demonstrated by a team from the University of Basel’s Department of Physics and the Swiss Nanoscience Institute. The results have been published in Physical Review X.

For several years, researchers have been trying to use the spin of an electron to store and transmit information. The spin of each electron is always coupled...

Im Focus: The proton precisely weighted

What is the mass of a proton? Scientists from Germany and Japan successfully did an important step towards the most exact knowledge of this fundamental constant. By means of precision measurements on a single proton, they could improve the precision by a factor of three and also correct the existing value.

To determine the mass of a single proton still more accurate – a group of physicists led by Klaus Blaum and Sven Sturm of the Max Planck Institute for Nuclear...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Closing the Sustainability Circle: Protection of Food with Biobased Materials

21.07.2017 | Event News

»We are bringing Additive Manufacturing to SMEs«

19.07.2017 | Event News

The technology with a feel for feelings

12.07.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

NASA mission surfs through waves in space to understand space weather

25.07.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

Strength of tectonic plates may explain shape of the Tibetan Plateau, study finds

25.07.2017 | Earth Sciences

The dense vessel network regulates formation of thrombocytes in the bone marrow

25.07.2017 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>