It is 6 p.m. and the museum is closing down for the night. The building’s alarm system is switched on and the security guard does his rounds.
A novel motion sensor developed by the Fraunhofer Institutes for Applied Polymer Research IAP in Potsdam-Golm and for Computer Architecture and Software Technology FIRST in Berlin could provide even more security in future, enabling window panes and glass doors to detect movements thanks to a special coating. If anything changes in front of the pane, or someone sneaks up to it, an alarm signal is sent to the security guard.
“The glass is coated with a fluorescent material,” explains IAP group manager Dr. Burkhard Elling. “The coating contains nanoparticles that convert light into fluorescent radiation.” The principle is as follows: The invisible light of a UV lamp “illuminates” the window panes and generates fluorescent radiation in the coating. This radiation is channeled to the edges of the window, where it is detected by sensors. Simple applications require only one sensor. Similarly to a light barrier, if someone steps into the light of the lamp less light reaches the coating and less fluorescent radiation is produced.
If several sensors are installed on all four sides of the window frame, conclusions can be drawn from the data as to how fast and in what direction an object is moving. Its size, too, can be estimated by the sensors. Is it a small creature such as a bird or is it a person? The threshold for the alarm can be set, so that moving objects the size of birds for instance do not trigger an alarm.
Likewise, the sensors do not react to light from passing cars, as the researchers at FIRST have developed a software application that can interpret different light signals. This enables the system to easily distinguish between the frequency of the UV lamp and the slowly changing light from a passing headlight. The system has further advantages: it does not infringe on anybody’s personal rights, as it only detects the change in radiation, and not who triggered it.
It is also cost-efficient, because the coating can be sprayed onto the windows by airbrush or glued on as a film. A demonstrator system already exists, and the researchers now plan to optimize the dyes and their concentration in the coating.
Further reports about: > Coating > Computer Architecture > Fraunhofer Institut > IAP > UV lamp > Vigilant windows > airbrush > building’s alarm system > detect movements > fluorescent material > fluorescent radiation > glass doors > headlight > novel motion sensor > security guard > security in future > suspicious movements > window panes
New material could lead to erasable and rewriteable optical chips
07.12.2016 | University of Texas at Austin
Porous crystalline materials: TU Graz researcher shows method for controlled growth
07.12.2016 | Technische Universität Graz
In recent years, lasers with ultrashort pulses (USP) down to the femtosecond range have become established on an industrial scale. They could advance some applications with the much-lauded “cold ablation” – if that meant they would then achieve more throughput. A new generation of process engineering that will address this issue in particular will be discussed at the “4th UKP Workshop – Ultrafast Laser Technology” in April 2017.
Even back in the 1990s, scientists were comparing materials processing with nanosecond, picosecond and femtosesecond pulses. The result was surprising:...
Have you ever wondered how you see the world? Vision is about photons of light, which are packets of energy, interacting with the atoms or molecules in what...
A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.
Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...
In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.
“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...
The Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPP) is opening up a new research field. A workshop from November 21 - 22, 2016 will mark the start of activities for an innovative axion experiment. Axions are still only purely hypothetical particles. Their detection could solve two fundamental problems in particle physics: What dark matter consists of and why it has not yet been possible to directly observe a CP violation for the strong interaction.
The “MADMAX” project is the MPP’s commitment to axion research. Axions are so far only a theoretical prediction and are difficult to detect: on the one hand,...
16.11.2016 | Event News
01.11.2016 | Event News
14.10.2016 | Event News
07.12.2016 | Health and Medicine
07.12.2016 | Life Sciences
07.12.2016 | Health and Medicine