A team led by Dr. Shinji Matsumoto, a Senior Researcher of the Magnet Development (Group Leader: Tsukasa Kiyoshi), Superconducting Wire Unit (Unit Director: Hitoshi Kitaguchi), National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS; President: Sukekatsu Ushioda) succeeded in generating a magnetic field of 24.0T (tesla), which set a new world’s record for the highest magnetic field with a superconducting magnet. This work was part of the Strategic Promotion of Innovative Research and Development (S-Innovation) program of the Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), and was carried out jointly with Japan Superconductor Technology, Inc. (President: Yoshiro Nishimoto).
Superconducting magnets used in nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) devices are required to generate higher magnetic fields because sensitivity and resolution increase with the strength of the generated field. On the other hand, in order to achieve a higher field, a large-scale superconducting magnet is needed. However, this caused the problem of increased consumption of liquid helium, which is necessary in cooling.
The NIMS research group fabricated a coil using a GdBCO thin film wire material (made by Fujikura Ltd.), which is an oxide high temperature superconducting wire material that displays excellent critical current density and mechanical properties in high fields. The developed coil was inserted on the inner side of a metal superconducting magnet that generates a field of 17.2T. As a result, we confirmed that it was possible to generate a field of 24.0T in the center of the magnet. This is the world’s highest value with a single superconducting magnet.
The previous world’s record of 23.5T had been achieved by reducing the temperature to approximately 2K. In contrast, the new record was set at 4.2K (boiling point of liquid helium), as with other widely used superconducting magnets. The total size of the magnet was also greatly reduced. This achievement is an important advance in fabrication technology for high field coils using GdBCO thin film wire material, and also demonstrated the performance of this type of coil in a high field. Use of the developed technology is expected to enable a substantial reduction in the size of high field NMR devices, as well as reduced consumption of liquid helium.
New biomaterial could replace plastic laminates, greatly reduce pollution
21.09.2017 | Penn State
Stopping problem ice -- by cracking it
21.09.2017 | Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Plants and algae use the enzyme Rubisco to fix carbon dioxide, removing it from the atmosphere and converting it into biomass. Algae have figured out a way to increase the efficiency of carbon fixation. They gather most of their Rubisco into a ball-shaped microcompartment called the pyrenoid, which they flood with a high local concentration of carbon dioxide. A team of scientists at Princeton University, the Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford University and the Max Plank Institute of Biochemistry have unravelled the mysteries of how the pyrenoid is assembled. These insights can help to engineer crops that remove more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere while producing more food.
A warming planet
Our brains house extremely complex neuronal circuits, whose detailed structures are still largely unknown. This is especially true for the so-called cerebral cortex of mammals, where among other things vision, thoughts or spatial orientation are being computed. Here the rules by which nerve cells are connected to each other are only partly understood. A team of scientists around Moritz Helmstaedter at the Frankfiurt Max Planck Institute for Brain Research and Helene Schmidt (Humboldt University in Berlin) have now discovered a surprisingly precise nerve cell connectivity pattern in the part of the cerebral cortex that is responsible for orienting the individual animal or human in space.
The researchers report online in Nature (Schmidt et al., 2017. Axonal synapse sorting in medial entorhinal cortex, DOI: 10.1038/nature24005) that synapses in...
Whispering gallery mode (WGM) resonators are used to make tiny micro-lasers, sensors, switches, routers and other devices. These tiny structures rely on a...
Using ultrafast flashes of laser and x-ray radiation, scientists at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (Garching, Germany) took snapshots of the briefest electron motion inside a solid material to date. The electron motion lasted only 750 billionths of the billionth of a second before it fainted, setting a new record of human capability to capture ultrafast processes inside solids!
When x-rays shine onto solid materials or large molecules, an electron is pushed away from its original place near the nucleus of the atom, leaving a hole...
For the first time, physicists have successfully imaged spiral magnetic ordering in a multiferroic material. These materials are considered highly promising candidates for future data storage media. The researchers were able to prove their findings using unique quantum sensors that were developed at Basel University and that can analyze electromagnetic fields on the nanometer scale. The results – obtained by scientists from the University of Basel’s Department of Physics, the Swiss Nanoscience Institute, the University of Montpellier and several laboratories from University Paris-Saclay – were recently published in the journal Nature.
Multiferroics are materials that simultaneously react to electric and magnetic fields. These two properties are rarely found together, and their combined...
19.09.2017 | Event News
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22.09.2017 | Life Sciences
22.09.2017 | Medical Engineering
22.09.2017 | Physics and Astronomy