A team led by Dr. Shinji Matsumoto, a Senior Researcher of the Magnet Development (Group Leader: Tsukasa Kiyoshi), Superconducting Wire Unit (Unit Director: Hitoshi Kitaguchi), National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS; President: Sukekatsu Ushioda) succeeded in generating a magnetic field of 24.0T (tesla), which set a new world’s record for the highest magnetic field with a superconducting magnet. This work was part of the Strategic Promotion of Innovative Research and Development (S-Innovation) program of the Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), and was carried out jointly with Japan Superconductor Technology, Inc. (President: Yoshiro Nishimoto).
Superconducting magnets used in nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) devices are required to generate higher magnetic fields because sensitivity and resolution increase with the strength of the generated field. On the other hand, in order to achieve a higher field, a large-scale superconducting magnet is needed. However, this caused the problem of increased consumption of liquid helium, which is necessary in cooling.
The NIMS research group fabricated a coil using a GdBCO thin film wire material (made by Fujikura Ltd.), which is an oxide high temperature superconducting wire material that displays excellent critical current density and mechanical properties in high fields. The developed coil was inserted on the inner side of a metal superconducting magnet that generates a field of 17.2T. As a result, we confirmed that it was possible to generate a field of 24.0T in the center of the magnet. This is the world’s highest value with a single superconducting magnet.
The previous world’s record of 23.5T had been achieved by reducing the temperature to approximately 2K. In contrast, the new record was set at 4.2K (boiling point of liquid helium), as with other widely used superconducting magnets. The total size of the magnet was also greatly reduced. This achievement is an important advance in fabrication technology for high field coils using GdBCO thin film wire material, and also demonstrated the performance of this type of coil in a high field. Use of the developed technology is expected to enable a substantial reduction in the size of high field NMR devices, as well as reduced consumption of liquid helium.
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The WHO reports an estimated 429,000 malaria deaths each year. The disease mostly affects tropical and subtropical regions and in particular the African continent. The Fraunhofer Institute for Silicate Research ISC teamed up with the Fraunhofer Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology IME and the Institute of Tropical Medicine at the University of Tübingen for a new test method to detect malaria parasites in blood. The idea of the research project “NanoFRET” is to develop a highly sensitive and reliable rapid diagnostic test so that patient treatment can begin as early as possible.
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The formation of stars in distant galaxies is still largely unexplored. For the first time, astron-omers at the University of Geneva have now been able to closely observe a star system six billion light-years away. In doing so, they are confirming earlier simulations made by the University of Zurich. One special effect is made possible by the multiple reflections of images that run through the cosmos like a snake.
Today, astronomers have a pretty accurate idea of how stars were formed in the recent cosmic past. But do these laws also apply to older galaxies? For around a...
Just because someone is smart and well-motivated doesn't mean he or she can learn the visual skills needed to excel at tasks like matching fingerprints, interpreting medical X-rays, keeping track of aircraft on radar displays or forensic face matching.
That is the implication of a new study which shows for the first time that there is a broad range of differences in people's visual ability and that these...
Computer Tomography (CT) is a standard procedure in hospitals, but so far, the technology has not been suitable for imaging extremely small objects. In PNAS, a team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) describes a Nano-CT device that creates three-dimensional x-ray images at resolutions up to 100 nanometers. The first test application: Together with colleagues from the University of Kassel and Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht the researchers analyzed the locomotory system of a velvet worm.
During a CT analysis, the object under investigation is x-rayed and a detector measures the respective amount of radiation absorbed from various angles....
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