Carbon nanotubes have long been touted as the wonder material of the future but their wonder properties can also be their downfall. The non reactive nature of carbon nanotubes means they can be difficult to incorporate into other materials for real world applications.
To this end, researchers have now extensively studied the wettability of carbon nanotubes in the form of powder, grown on a Si substrate and as CNT sheets or mats, or bucky paper.
The international research team of Uwe Vohrer, Justin Holmes, Zhonglai Li, AunShih Teh, Pagona Papakonstantinou, Manuel Ruether and Werner Blau, published their work in a special edition of the open access journal, AZoJono. This special edition of AZoJono* features a number of papers from DESYGN-IT, the project seeking to secure Europe as the international scientific leader in the design, synthesis, growth, characterisation and application of nanotubes, nanowires and nanotube arrays for industrial technology.
The researchers found that plasma polymerisation of a carbofluorine monomer onto a bucky paper leads to superhydrophobic surfaces. They also found that under gentle oxidation parameters the vertical alignment of multi wall nanotubes remains unchanged whereas more harsh conditions destroy the carbon nanotube shape without opening the end caps.
However, the most important finding was that when the carbon nanotube bucky papers were processed using a plasma treatment utilising oxygen containing process gases or post treatment reaction with oxygen after plasma activation they were able to convert the surface from hydrophobic to hydrophilic. Suitable treatments resulted in instant wetting and contact angles of less than 10° which could pave the way for carbon nanotube incorporation into many new applications as well as improved properties for those materials and application that already involve carbon nanotubes.
The complete article is available to view in AZoJono at http://www.azonano.com/Details.asp?ArticleID=2042.
Dr. Ian Birkby | EurekAlert!
A new tool for discovering nanoporous materials
23.05.2017 | Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne
Did you know that packaging is becoming intelligent through flash systems?
23.05.2017 | Heraeus Noblelight GmbH
Staphylococcus aureus is a feared pathogen (MRSA, multi-resistant S. aureus) due to frequent resistances against many antibiotics, especially in hospital infections. Researchers at the Paul-Ehrlich-Institut have identified immunological processes that prevent a successful immune response directed against the pathogenic agent. The delivery of bacterial proteins with RNA adjuvant or messenger RNA (mRNA) into immune cells allows the re-direction of the immune response towards an active defense against S. aureus. This could be of significant importance for the development of an effective vaccine. PLOS Pathogens has published these research results online on 25 May 2017.
Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is a bacterium that colonizes by far more than half of the skin and the mucosa of adults, usually without causing infections....
Physicists from the University of Würzburg are capable of generating identical looking single light particles at the push of a button. Two new studies now demonstrate the potential this method holds.
The quantum computer has fuelled the imagination of scientists for decades: It is based on fundamentally different phenomena than a conventional computer....
An international team of physicists has monitored the scattering behaviour of electrons in a non-conducting material in real-time. Their insights could be beneficial for radiotherapy.
We can refer to electrons in non-conducting materials as ‘sluggish’. Typically, they remain fixed in a location, deep inside an atomic composite. It is hence...
Two-dimensional magnetic structures are regarded as a promising material for new types of data storage, since the magnetic properties of individual molecular building blocks can be investigated and modified. For the first time, researchers have now produced a wafer-thin ferrimagnet, in which molecules with different magnetic centers arrange themselves on a gold surface to form a checkerboard pattern. Scientists at the Swiss Nanoscience Institute at the University of Basel and the Paul Scherrer Institute published their findings in the journal Nature Communications.
Ferrimagnets are composed of two centers which are magnetized at different strengths and point in opposing directions. Two-dimensional, quasi-flat ferrimagnets...
An Australian-Chinese research team has created the world's thinnest hologram, paving the way towards the integration of 3D holography into everyday...
24.05.2017 | Event News
23.05.2017 | Event News
22.05.2017 | Event News
26.05.2017 | Life Sciences
26.05.2017 | Life Sciences
26.05.2017 | Physics and Astronomy