• Fuel of promise – With fuel cells touted as a possible solution to aspects of the energy crisis, the Institute of Measurement at the National Physical Laboratory (NPL), Teddington, UK, is stepping up research in an attempt to commercialise them. Scientists at NPL aim to improve the durability of cells by finding a method to directly examine the processes inside a working cell. They hope to develop a model that will describe cell functions at every level. Using thermal imaging they are investigating more efficient materials for electrodes and electrolytes.
• Materials for energy – Energy conversion is a major worldwide issue. Alan Atkinson, Director of Materials Research, and Jim Williamson, Professor of Materials Chemistry at Imperial College London, UK, describe energy materials research at the College. The article explores solid oxide fuel cells, suitable materials for use within them, and research to optimise organic solar cells and improve the efficiency of dye sensitised solar cells.
• Going platinum – Exploring the trends in platinum supply and demand, this feature examines the formation and location of the metal. The changes in demand from the automotive section are explored, as is the use of platinum in jewellery. Information is provided about major investors and their current projects.
In addition, Materials World carries industry and conference news, as well as event listings. The mining feature in July’s issue covers developments in Scottish coal. Looking at the opportunities ATH Resources’ has capitalised on, the article also considers responsible mining and how coal can help address the energy gap.
Zoe Chiverton | alfa
Move over, Superman! NIST method sees through concrete to detect early-stage corrosion
27.04.2017 | National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
Control of molecular motion by metal-plated 3-D printed plastic pieces
27.04.2017 | Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne
More and more automobile companies are focusing on body parts made of carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP). However, manufacturing and repair costs must be further reduced in order to make CFRP more economical in use. Together with the Volkswagen AG and five other partners in the project HolQueSt 3D, the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) has developed laser processes for the automatic trimming, drilling and repair of three-dimensional components.
Automated manufacturing processes are the basis for ultimately establishing the series production of CFRP components. In the project HolQueSt 3D, the LZH has...
Reflecting the structure of composites found in nature and the ancient world, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have synthesized thin carbon nanotube (CNT) textiles that exhibit both high electrical conductivity and a level of toughness that is about fifty times higher than copper films, currently used in electronics.
"The structural robustness of thin metal films has significant importance for the reliable operation of smart skin and flexible electronics including...
The nearby, giant radio galaxy M87 hosts a supermassive black hole (BH) and is well-known for its bright jet dominating the spectrum over ten orders of magnitude in frequency. Due to its proximity, jet prominence, and the large black hole mass, M87 is the best laboratory for investigating the formation, acceleration, and collimation of relativistic jets. A research team led by Silke Britzen from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, has found strong indication for turbulent processes connecting the accretion disk and the jet of that galaxy providing insights into the longstanding problem of the origin of astrophysical jets.
Supermassive black holes form some of the most enigmatic phenomena in astrophysics. Their enormous energy output is supposed to be generated by the...
The probability to find a certain number of photons inside a laser pulse usually corresponds to a classical distribution of independent events, the so-called...
Microprocessors based on atomically thin materials hold the promise of the evolution of traditional processors as well as new applications in the field of flexible electronics. Now, a TU Wien research team led by Thomas Müller has made a breakthrough in this field as part of an ongoing research project.
Two-dimensional materials, or 2D materials for short, are extremely versatile, although – or often more precisely because – they are made up of just one or a...
28.04.2017 | Event News
20.04.2017 | Event News
18.04.2017 | Event News
28.04.2017 | Medical Engineering
28.04.2017 | Earth Sciences
28.04.2017 | Life Sciences