• Fuel of promise – With fuel cells touted as a possible solution to aspects of the energy crisis, the Institute of Measurement at the National Physical Laboratory (NPL), Teddington, UK, is stepping up research in an attempt to commercialise them. Scientists at NPL aim to improve the durability of cells by finding a method to directly examine the processes inside a working cell. They hope to develop a model that will describe cell functions at every level. Using thermal imaging they are investigating more efficient materials for electrodes and electrolytes.
• Materials for energy – Energy conversion is a major worldwide issue. Alan Atkinson, Director of Materials Research, and Jim Williamson, Professor of Materials Chemistry at Imperial College London, UK, describe energy materials research at the College. The article explores solid oxide fuel cells, suitable materials for use within them, and research to optimise organic solar cells and improve the efficiency of dye sensitised solar cells.
• Going platinum – Exploring the trends in platinum supply and demand, this feature examines the formation and location of the metal. The changes in demand from the automotive section are explored, as is the use of platinum in jewellery. Information is provided about major investors and their current projects.
In addition, Materials World carries industry and conference news, as well as event listings. The mining feature in July’s issue covers developments in Scottish coal. Looking at the opportunities ATH Resources’ has capitalised on, the article also considers responsible mining and how coal can help address the energy gap.
Zoe Chiverton | alfa
New design improves performance of flexible wearable electronics
23.06.2017 | North Carolina State University
Plant inspiration could lead to flexible electronics
22.06.2017 | American Chemical Society
An international team of scientists has proposed a new multi-disciplinary approach in which an array of new technologies will allow us to map biodiversity and the risks that wildlife is facing at the scale of whole landscapes. The findings are published in Nature Ecology and Evolution. This international research is led by the Kunming Institute of Zoology from China, University of East Anglia, University of Leicester and the Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research.
Using a combination of satellite and ground data, the team proposes that it is now possible to map biodiversity with an accuracy that has not been previously...
Heatwaves in the Arctic, longer periods of vegetation in Europe, severe floods in West Africa – starting in 2021, scientists want to explore the emissions of the greenhouse gas methane with the German-French satellite MERLIN. This is made possible by a new robust laser system of the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT in Aachen, which achieves unprecedented measurement accuracy.
Methane is primarily the result of the decomposition of organic matter. The gas has a 25 times greater warming potential than carbon dioxide, but is not as...
Hydrogen is regarded as the energy source of the future: It is produced with solar power and can be used to generate heat and electricity in fuel cells. Empa researchers have now succeeded in decoding the movement of hydrogen ions in crystals – a key step towards more efficient energy conversion in the hydrogen industry of tomorrow.
As charge carriers, electrons and ions play the leading role in electrochemical energy storage devices and converters such as batteries and fuel cells. Proton...
Scientists from the Excellence Cluster Universe at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität Munich have establised "Cosmowebportal", a unique data centre for cosmological simulations located at the Leibniz Supercomputing Centre (LRZ) of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences. The complete results of a series of large hydrodynamical cosmological simulations are available, with data volumes typically exceeding several hundred terabytes. Scientists worldwide can interactively explore these complex simulations via a web interface and directly access the results.
With current telescopes, scientists can observe our Universe’s galaxies and galaxy clusters and their distribution along an invisible cosmic web. From the...
Temperature measurements possible even on the smallest scale / Molecular ruby for use in material sciences, biology, and medicine
Chemists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in cooperation with researchers of the German Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM)...
19.06.2017 | Event News
13.06.2017 | Event News
13.06.2017 | Event News
27.06.2017 | Power and Electrical Engineering
27.06.2017 | Information Technology
27.06.2017 | Physics and Astronomy