• Fuel of promise – With fuel cells touted as a possible solution to aspects of the energy crisis, the Institute of Measurement at the National Physical Laboratory (NPL), Teddington, UK, is stepping up research in an attempt to commercialise them. Scientists at NPL aim to improve the durability of cells by finding a method to directly examine the processes inside a working cell. They hope to develop a model that will describe cell functions at every level. Using thermal imaging they are investigating more efficient materials for electrodes and electrolytes.
• Materials for energy – Energy conversion is a major worldwide issue. Alan Atkinson, Director of Materials Research, and Jim Williamson, Professor of Materials Chemistry at Imperial College London, UK, describe energy materials research at the College. The article explores solid oxide fuel cells, suitable materials for use within them, and research to optimise organic solar cells and improve the efficiency of dye sensitised solar cells.
• Going platinum – Exploring the trends in platinum supply and demand, this feature examines the formation and location of the metal. The changes in demand from the automotive section are explored, as is the use of platinum in jewellery. Information is provided about major investors and their current projects.
In addition, Materials World carries industry and conference news, as well as event listings. The mining feature in July’s issue covers developments in Scottish coal. Looking at the opportunities ATH Resources’ has capitalised on, the article also considers responsible mining and how coal can help address the energy gap.
Zoe Chiverton | alfa
Researchers printed graphene-like materials with inkjet
18.08.2017 | Aalto University
Superconductivity research reveals potential new state of matter
17.08.2017 | DOE/Los Alamos National Laboratory
Whether you call it effervescent, fizzy, or sparkling, carbonated water is making a comeback as a beverage. Aside from quenching thirst, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have discovered a new use for these "bubbly" concoctions that will have major impact on the manufacturer of the world's thinnest, flattest, and one most useful materials -- graphene.
As graphene's popularity grows as an advanced "wonder" material, the speed and quality at which it can be manufactured will be paramount. With that in mind,...
Physicists at the University of Bonn have managed to create optical hollows and more complex patterns into which the light of a Bose-Einstein condensate flows. The creation of such highly low-loss structures for light is a prerequisite for complex light circuits, such as for quantum information processing for a new generation of computers. The researchers are now presenting their results in the journal Nature Photonics.
Light particles (photons) occur as tiny, indivisible portions. Many thousands of these light portions can be merged to form a single super-photon if they are...
For the first time, scientists have shown that circular RNA is linked to brain function. When a RNA molecule called Cdr1as was deleted from the genome of mice, the animals had problems filtering out unnecessary information – like patients suffering from neuropsychiatric disorders.
While hundreds of circular RNAs (circRNAs) are abundant in mammalian brains, one big question has remained unanswered: What are they actually good for? In the...
An experimental small satellite has successfully collected and delivered data on a key measurement for predicting changes in Earth's climate.
The Radiometer Assessment using Vertically Aligned Nanotubes (RAVAN) CubeSat was launched into low-Earth orbit on Nov. 11, 2016, in order to test new...
A study led by scientists of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg presents evidence of the coexistence of superconductivity and “charge-density-waves” in compounds of the poorly-studied family of bismuthates. This observation opens up new perspectives for a deeper understanding of the phenomenon of high-temperature superconductivity, a topic which is at the core of condensed matter research since more than 30 years. The paper by Nicoletti et al has been published in the PNAS.
Since the beginning of the 20th century, superconductivity had been observed in some metals at temperatures only a few degrees above the absolute zero (minus...
16.08.2017 | Event News
04.08.2017 | Event News
26.07.2017 | Event News
18.08.2017 | Life Sciences
18.08.2017 | Physics and Astronomy
18.08.2017 | Materials Sciences