This month’s issue focuses on light metals, and includes:
- Grinding them down: A report from The Commonwealth Scientific and Research Organisation into grinding technologies available to the minerals industry. Covering the advantages and limitations of IsaMills, Tower and Detritor mills in depth, along with their ability to produce fine grain particles.
- Melting moments: Rheoforming melt processing technologies under development at the Brunel Centre for Advanced Solidification Technology. This group of techniques can be used for aluminium and magnesium alloys. The article discusses twin-screw melt-conditioning devices and the potential advantages of developing these new technologies.
- Titanium – 21st century metal in transition: High strength, lightweight titanium may soon become a commodity metal. In order to meet government targets to reduce carbon emissions, titanium could be the material of choice for aircraft and car components as it is lighter than steel. The current status in terms of production methods and their capacity to meet demand is also discussed.
The mining feature in May’s issue presents the findings of laboratory and real life experiments into the use of bone meal for the remediation of old mines. Dr Eva Valsami-Jones from the Natural History Museum in London, UK, discusses the environmental impact of mining and the lack of incentives to clean contaminated land. Bone meal could provide an environmentally friendly solution and test results have proved successful in the remediation of land contaminated with a number of metals, including zinc, aluminium, lead and copper.
Zoe Chiverton | alfa
InLight study: insights into chemical processes using light
05.12.2016 | Fraunhofer-Institut für Lasertechnik ILT
Physics, photosynthesis and solar cells
01.12.2016 | University of California - Riverside
In recent years, lasers with ultrashort pulses (USP) down to the femtosecond range have become established on an industrial scale. They could advance some applications with the much-lauded “cold ablation” – if that meant they would then achieve more throughput. A new generation of process engineering that will address this issue in particular will be discussed at the “4th UKP Workshop – Ultrafast Laser Technology” in April 2017.
Even back in the 1990s, scientists were comparing materials processing with nanosecond, picosecond and femtosesecond pulses. The result was surprising:...
Have you ever wondered how you see the world? Vision is about photons of light, which are packets of energy, interacting with the atoms or molecules in what...
A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.
Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...
In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.
“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...
The Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPP) is opening up a new research field. A workshop from November 21 - 22, 2016 will mark the start of activities for an innovative axion experiment. Axions are still only purely hypothetical particles. Their detection could solve two fundamental problems in particle physics: What dark matter consists of and why it has not yet been possible to directly observe a CP violation for the strong interaction.
The “MADMAX” project is the MPP’s commitment to axion research. Axions are so far only a theoretical prediction and are difficult to detect: on the one hand,...
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